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Introduction Since the deployment of atomic weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, the world was threatened by nuclear weapons. Although there hasn't been a nuclear accident, the risk of owning one is not impossible. Presently the planet has enough nuclear warheads to wipe out all civilization. As technology advanced, more sophisticated and deadly nuclear weapons were built. More nations have nuclear capabilities than there were 50 years ago. As dangerous as nuclear weapons might seem, many have thought that nuclear deterrence had prevented threat of warfare during period of Cold War. Now that the cold war has finished and Russia is struggling in their economy and the connection between US and Russia has improved, should nuclear weapons be abolished and is this abolition potential? History in brief The history of atomic weapons started with the discovery of radioactivity components, radium, polonium and uranium. These in turn directed two German scientists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, into the discovery of nuclear fission and fusion. During the World War II that the GermanвЂ™s busy study on atomic bomb had prompted the US to secretly build the nuclear bomb. The first nuclear device was exploded at a website near Alamogordo New Mexico on July 16, 1945. This powerful test had direct both US and Britain to believe and agree that the atomic bomb could bring a about JapaneseвЂ™ surrender without an invasion and with no SovietвЂ™s help. The first nuclear bomb was dropped in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 followed by another in Nagasaki, Japan in August 9, 1945. The nuclear bombs killed 140,000 civilians in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Despite the manifestation of these atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the building of nuclear bombs continu...