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Cold War - The U2 Incident Following WWII, tensions between the USA and the Soviet Union Started to grow. This time period is referred to as the Cold War that "starts in 1945 with all the Yalta summit and ends in 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union." America and the Soviet Union both heavily distrusted the other and feared the nuclear power that they both had during this time. 1 incident that illustrates this skepticism is commonly called the U-2 incident of May 1, 19960, in which an American U-2 spy plane was shot down in Soviet controlled airspace and seized by the Soviets. This single incident is said to have been a "disastrous setback to the decrease in global tension." At the year 1953 that the United States didn't have the use of this unbelievable spy satellites that we have now. In an effort to gather information about the military power of the Soviet Union, "President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized thirty-five million bucks to build Jan U-2 high-altitude spy airplanes" Eisenhower personally authorized each top secret flight. The plane, designed by Lockheed, was different from any other airplanes of the moment. With a wingspan of 80 ft the U-2 managed to fly for long distances in great altitudes "of approximately 15 kilometers and carried cameras and other gear designed to picture and locate aircraft systems, airbases, radar stations, missile silos, and such." The pilots which were selected to fly these planes were exceptionally skilled and dedicated civilians with high security clearance utilized by the Central Intelligence Agency. The airplanes were established in Turkey and Pakistan and routinely flew across the Soviet Union. On May 1, 1960 that the whole U-2 program came.