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It had been 1803 if Chief Justice Marshall utilized Marbury v. Madison to represent the "legal principle of judicial review" (Marbury v. Madison). Judicial review permits the Supreme Court to rule on a problem concerning rather a different branch of government's legislation is constitutional or not. This is a fundamental definition, yet somewhat generic if you will. What's the deeper meaning/ use of judicial inspection? How can this affect modern day society? All these are crucial questions to ask if one is attempting to understand how a federal system operates, and advances with its society. Within this paper, I'll analyze three Supreme Court cases (Lemon v. Kurtzman, Engel v. Vitale, and Epperson v. Arkansas) in order to come to an informed perspective on judicial review. Lemon v. Kurtzman has been a reaction to Rhode Island's and Pennsylvania's exemptions that helped private schools by supplying funds for teacher salaries, textbooks, and other instructional materials. This outraged Lemon (along with many others). Lemon sued, under the assumption that it violated the Establishment clause. Before it went into the Supreme Court, the separate cases were heard in federal court (Pennsylvania) and district court (Rhode Island). From the federal court, the statute had been believed not to be in breach of their first amendment. Whilst in the district court that the judges found that the statute to boost "excessive entanglement" (Lemon v. Kurtzman). As this case was so contentious (coped with the constitution as well as the breach on it) it was deemed worthy of this Supreme Court. In the Supreme Court that the statutes were found to be unconstitutional, and violate the establishment clause. However, this was not the most significant part the instance. From the case the Supreme Court was able to better define the...