SUBJECT AREA Arts entertainment
CREATED ON 31st December 2017

Statistics about Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Introduction Among those rarest of congenital cardiac defects is Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, HLHS. This syndrome is called a collection of anomalies involving the left heart and connecting structures. Because of advancements in operative intervention mortality rates in neonates with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome have diminished. Management of these patients requires a symphony of multidisciplinary teams including fetal and pediatric cardiologist, cardiac surgeons, neonatologist, pulmonologist, nutritionist and family advisers. Options currently comprise of heart transplant, and three-staged Cosmetic operation and relaxation. There might be co-morbidities present which further complicate therapy, but with surgical intervention that the prognosis of this once deemed fatal condition is improved. This paper will examine the body and abnormal function of the hypoplastic left heart, three staged operative intervention and treatment of patient with HLHS. Body Anatomy Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital heart defect where the constructions in the left heart are severely underdeveloped. The left ventricle, aorta and aortic arch are unable to adequately pump and send blood to the entire body because of their size. Aortic and mitral valve stenosis or atresia is present and in certain cases atrial septal defect accompanies. (CDC) Normal fetal circulation includes the use of three shunts that behave as liver, lung and heart bypass so as to provide the systemic flow of blood flow. Fetal blood is exerted by the placenta and travels into the fetus via the umbilical vein. The ductus venous the very first shunt which encountered and stations oxygenated blood pass the liver. The shunted blood is then carried via the inferior...

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