before 1050; (noun, adj.) Middle English clos < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin clausus, past participle of claudere to close (cf. clause); (v.) Middle English closen, verbal derivative of the adj. (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan to shut in, enclose, verbal derivative of clūse bar, enclosure < Medieval Latin clūsa, for Latin clausa, feminine of clausus); noun and adj. senses with voiced pronunciation of s are presumably modern deverbal derivatives (Source: dictionary.com)
Mid 16th century; earliest use found in State Papers Henry VIII. From pre- + close. (Source: lexico.com)
Definitions of Preclose
verb (used with object)
to put (something) in a position to obstruct an entrance, opening, etc.; shut.
to stop or obstruct (a gap, entrance, aperture, etc.):
to block or hinder passage across or access to:
to stop or obstruct the entrances, apertures, or gaps in:
(of the mind) to make imperceptive or inaccessible:
to bring together the parts of; join; unite (often followed by
Electricity. to complete (an electrical circuit) by joining the circuit elements: The circuit was closed so the current could be measured.
to bring to an end:
to arrange the final details of; to conclude negotiations about:
to complete or settle (a contract or transaction); consummate:
to stop rendering the customary services of:
to terminate or suspend the operation of; to halt the activities of:
Nautical. to come close to: We closed the cruiser to put our injured captain on board.
Metalworking. to reduce the internal diameter of (a tube or the like).
Archaic. to shut in or surround on all sides; enclose; cover in: to close a bird in a cage.
verb (used without object)
to become closed; shut:
to come together; unite:
to come close:
to grapple; engage in close encounter (often followed by
to come to an end; terminate:
to cease to offer the customary activities or services:
to enter into or reach an agreement, usually as a contract:
(of a theatrical production) to cease to be performed:
(of a stock, group of stocks, etc.) to be priced or show a change in price as specified at the end of a trading period:
having the parts or elements near to one another:
being in or having proximity in space or time:
marked by similarity in degree, action, feeling, etc.:
near, or near together, in kind or relationship:
intimate or confidential; dear.
based on a strong uniting feeling of respect, honor, or love:
(of a haircut or shave, the mowing of a lawn, etc.) so executed that the hair, grass, or the like is left flush with the surface or very short.
not deviating from the subject under consideration.
strict; searching; minute:
not deviating from a model or original:
nearly even or equal:
shut; shut tight; not open:
shut in; enclosed.
completely enclosing or surrounding:
without opening; with all openings covered or closed.
lacking fresh or freely circulating air:
narrowly confined, as a prisoner.
practicing or keeping secrecy; secretive; reticent:
scarce, as money.
not open to public or general admission, competition, etc.:
(of a delimiting punctuation mark) occurring at the end of a group of words or characters that is set off, as from surrounding text:
Hunting, Angling. closed(def 8).
Phonetics. (of a vowel) articulated with a relatively small opening between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.Compare high(def 23), open(def 35a).
Heraldry. (of a bird) represented as having folded wings: an eagle close.
Archaic. viscous; not volatile.
near in space or time; in proximity
having the parts near together; densea close formation
down or near to the surface; shorta close haircut
near in relationshipa close relative
intimate or confidentiala close friend
almost equal or evena close contest
not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standarda close resemblance; a close translation
careful, strict, or searchinga close study
(of a style of play in football, hockey, etc) characterized by short passes
confined or enclosed
shut or shut tight
oppressive, heavy, or airlessa close atmosphere
strictly guardeda close prisoner
neat or tight in fita close cap
secretive or reticent
miserly; not generous, esp with money
(of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
restricted as to public admission or membership
hidden or secluded
Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken
Also: closed, narrow phonetics denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together
in a close manner; closely.
near; close by.
Heraldry. immediately behind the ears, so as to show no neck: a bear's head couped close.
near or in proximity
close to the wind nautical sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowingSee also wind 1 (def. 26)
the act of closing.
the end or conclusion:
an enclosed place or enclosure, especially one about or beside a cathedral or other building.
any piece of land held as private property.
Music. cadence(def 7).
Stock Exchange. the closing price on a stock. the closing prices on an exchange market.
Scot. a narrow entry or alley terminating in a dead end. a courtyard enclosed except for one narrow entrance.
Archaic. a junction; union.
Obsolete. a close encounter; a grapple: The fighters met in a fierce close.
the act of closing
the end or conclusionthe close of the day
a place of joining or meeting
(kləʊs) law private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall
(kləʊs) British a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
(kləʊs) British (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential roadHillside Close
British a field
(kləʊs) the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
(kləʊs) Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building
music another word for cadence
archaic, or rare an encounter in battle; grapple
close down, to terminate the operation of; discontinue: to close down an air base because of budget cuts. to attempt to control or eliminate: The city must close down drug traffic.
close in on/upon, to approach so as to capture, attack, arrest, etc.: The hoodlums closed in on their victim. to surround or envelop so as to entrap: a feeling that the room was closing in upon her.
close out, to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: That store is closing out its stock of men's clothing. to liquidate or dispose of finally and completely: They closed out their interests after many years in this city.
close up, to come together in close array; converge: The enemy was closing up on us from both flanks. to bring to an end; cease: The company is closing up its overseas operations. to become silent or uncommunicative. to reduce or eliminate spacing material between (units of set type).
to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shutthe door closed behind him
(tr) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc)to close a road
to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
(intr; foll by on, over, etc) to take holdhis hand closed over the money
to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
to cease or cause to cease to render servicethe shop closed at six
(intr) stock exchange to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specifiedsteels closed two points down
to complete an electrical circuit
(tr) nautical to pass near
(tr) archaic to enclose or shut in
close one's eyes euphemistic to die(often foll by to) to ignore