Preclose

/priːˈkləʊz/

Origin

before 1050; (noun, adj.) Middle English clos < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin clausus, past participle of claudere to close (cf. clause); (v.) Middle English closen, verbal derivative of the adj. (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan to shut in, enclose, verbal derivative of clūse bar, enclosure < Medieval Latin clūsa, for Latin clausa, feminine of clausus); noun and adj. senses with voiced pronunciation of s are presumably modern deverbal derivatives (Source: dictionary.com)

Mid 16th century; earliest use found in State Papers Henry VIII. From pre- + close. (Source: lexico.com)

Definitions of Preclose

Preclose

verb (used with object)

  1. to put (something) in a position to obstruct an entrance, opening, etc.; shut.
  2. to stop or obstruct (a gap, entrance, aperture, etc.):
  3. to block or hinder passage across or access to:
  4. to stop or obstruct the entrances, apertures, or gaps in:
  5. (of the mind) to make imperceptive or inaccessible:
  6. to bring together the parts of; join; unite (often followed by
  7. Electricity. to complete (an electrical circuit) by joining the circuit elements: The circuit was closed so the current could be measured.
  8. to bring to an end:
  9. to arrange the final details of; to conclude negotiations about:
  10. to complete or settle (a contract or transaction); consummate:
  11. to stop rendering the customary services of:
  12. to terminate or suspend the operation of; to halt the activities of:
  13. Nautical. to come close to: We closed the cruiser to put our injured captain on board.
  14. Metalworking. to reduce the internal diameter of (a tube or the like).
  15. Archaic. to shut in or surround on all sides; enclose; cover in: to close a bird in a cage.

dictionary.com

Preclose

verb (used without object)

  1. to become closed; shut:
  2. to come together; unite:
  3. to come close:
  4. to grapple; engage in close encounter (often followed by
  5. to come to an end; terminate:
  6. to cease to offer the customary activities or services:
  7. to enter into or reach an agreement, usually as a contract:
  8. (of a theatrical production) to cease to be performed:
  9. (of a stock, group of stocks, etc.) to be priced or show a change in price as specified at the end of a trading period:

dictionary.com

Preclose

adjective

  1. having the parts or elements near to one another:
  2. compact; dense:
  3. being in or having proximity in space or time:
  4. marked by similarity in degree, action, feeling, etc.:
  5. near, or near together, in kind or relationship:
  6. intimate or confidential; dear.
  7. based on a strong uniting feeling of respect, honor, or love:
  8. fitting tightly:
  9. (of a haircut or shave, the mowing of a lawn, etc.) so executed that the hair, grass, or the like is left flush with the surface or very short.
  10. not deviating from the subject under consideration.
  11. strict; searching; minute:
  12. not deviating from a model or original:
  13. nearly even or equal:
  14. strictly logical:
  15. shut; shut tight; not open:
  16. shut in; enclosed.
  17. completely enclosing or surrounding:
  18. without opening; with all openings covered or closed.
  19. confined; narrow:
  20. lacking fresh or freely circulating air:
  21. heavy; oppressive:
  22. narrowly confined, as a prisoner.
  23. practicing or keeping secrecy; secretive; reticent:
  24. parsimonious; stingy:
  25. scarce, as money.
  26. not open to public or general admission, competition, etc.:
  27. (of a delimiting punctuation mark) occurring at the end of a group of words or characters that is set off, as from surrounding text:
  28. Hunting, Angling. closed(def 8).
  29. Phonetics. (of a vowel) articulated with a relatively small opening between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.Compare high(def 23), open(def 35a).
  30. Heraldry. (of a bird) represented as having folded wings: an eagle close.
  31. Archaic. viscous; not volatile.
  32. near in space or time; in proximity
  33. having the parts near together; densea close formation
  34. down or near to the surface; shorta close haircut
  35. near in relationshipa close relative
  36. intimate or confidentiala close friend
  37. almost equal or evena close contest
  38. not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standarda close resemblance; a close translation
  39. careful, strict, or searchinga close study
  40. (of a style of play in football, hockey, etc) characterized by short passes
  41. confined or enclosed
  42. shut or shut tight
  43. oppressive, heavy, or airlessa close atmosphere
  44. strictly guardeda close prisoner
  45. neat or tight in fita close cap
  46. secretive or reticent
  47. miserly; not generous, esp with money
  48. (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
  49. restricted as to public admission or membership
  50. hidden or secluded
  51. Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken
  52. Also: closed, narrow phonetics denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together

dictionary.com

Preclose

adverb

  1. in a close manner; closely.
  2. near; close by.
  3. Heraldry. immediately behind the ears, so as to show no neck: a bear's head couped close.
  4. closely; tightly
  5. near or in proximity
  6. close to the wind nautical sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowingSee also wind 1 (def. 26)

dictionary.com

Preclose

noun

  1. the act of closing.
  2. the end or conclusion:
  3. an enclosed place or enclosure, especially one about or beside a cathedral or other building.
  4. any piece of land held as private property.
  5. complimentary close.
  6. Music. cadence(def 7).
  7. Stock Exchange. the closing price on a stock. the closing prices on an exchange market.
  8. Scot. a narrow entry or alley terminating in a dead end. a courtyard enclosed except for one narrow entrance.
  9. Archaic. a junction; union.
  10. Obsolete. a close encounter; a grapple: The fighters met in a fierce close.
  11. the act of closing
  12. the end or conclusionthe close of the day
  13. a place of joining or meeting
  14. (kləʊs) law private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall
  15. (kləʊs) British a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
  16. (kləʊs) British (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential roadHillside Close
  17. British a field
  18. (kləʊs) the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
  19. (kləʊs) Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building
  20. music another word for cadence
  21. archaic, or rare an encounter in battle; grapple

dictionary.com

Preclose

Verb Phrases

  1. close down, to terminate the operation of; discontinue: to close down an air base because of budget cuts. to attempt to control or eliminate: The city must close down drug traffic.
  2. close in on/upon, to approach so as to capture, attack, arrest, etc.: The hoodlums closed in on their victim. to surround or envelop so as to entrap: a feeling that the room was closing in upon her.
  3. close out, to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: That store is closing out its stock of men's clothing. to liquidate or dispose of finally and completely: They closed out their interests after many years in this city.
  4. close up, to come together in close array; converge: The enemy was closing up on us from both flanks. to bring to an end; cease: The company is closing up its overseas operations. to become silent or uncommunicative. to reduce or eliminate spacing material between (units of set type).

dictionary.com

Preclose

verb

  1. to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shutthe door closed behind him
  2. (tr) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc)to close a road
  3. to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
  4. (intr; foll by on, over, etc) to take holdhis hand closed over the money
  5. to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
  6. to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
  7. to cease or cause to cease to render servicethe shop closed at six
  8. (intr) stock exchange to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specifiedsteels closed two points down
  9. to complete an electrical circuit
  10. (tr) nautical to pass near
  11. (tr) archaic to enclose or shut in
  12. close one's eyes euphemistic to die(often foll by to) to ignore

dictionary.com

Preclose

verb

  1. Foreclose.

lexico.com

Related words & Synonyms

bar, clog, choke, complete, end, conclude, terminate, finish, stop, suspend, firm, solid, immediate, proximate, nearby, intent, concentrated, scrupulous, exacting, accurate, faithful, muggy, thick, taciturn, uncommunicative, reserved, penurious, miserly, tight, mean

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