Irradiate

/ɪˈreɪdɪeɪt/

Origin

1595–1605; < Latin irradiātus, past participle of irradiāre to shine upon. See ir-1, radiate (Source: dictionary.com)

Late 16th century (in the sense ‘emit rays, shine upon’): from Latin irradiat- ‘shone upon’, from the verb irradiare, from in- ‘upon’ + radiare ‘to shine’ (from radius ‘ray’). (Source: lexico.com)

Definitions of Irradiate

Irradiate

verb (used with object)

  1. to shed rays of light upon; illuminate.
  2. to illumine intellectually or spiritually.
  3. to brighten as if with light.
  4. to radiate (light, illumination, etc.).
  5. to heat with radiant energy.
  6. to treat by exposure to radiation, as of ultraviolet light.
  7. to expose to radiation.

dictionary.com

Irradiate

verb (used without object)

  1. Archaic. to emit rays; shine. to become radiant.

dictionary.com

Irradiate

adjective

  1. irradiated; bright.

dictionary.com

Irradiate

verb

  1. (tr) physics to subject to or treat with light or other electromagnetic radiation or with beams of particles
  2. (tr) to expose (food) to electromagnetic radiation to kill bacteria and retard deterioration
  3. (tr) to make clear or bright intellectually or spiritually; illumine
  4. a less common word for radiate (def. 1)
  5. (intr) obsolete to become radiant

dictionary.com

Irradiate

v.

  1. To expose to radiation, as for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
  2. To treat with radiation.
  3. To apply radiation to a structure or organism.

dictionary.com

Irradiate

verb

  1. Expose (someone or something) to radiation.
  2. Illuminate (something) by or as if by shining light on it.

lexico.com

Irradiate

verb

  1. : to affect or treat by radiant energy (such as heat)
  2. : to cast rays of light upon : illuminate
  3. : to enlighten intellectually or spiritually
  4. : to emit like rays of light : radiate irradiating strength and comfort
  5. : to emit rays : shine

merriam-webster.com

Example sentences for Irradiate

  1. They exalted the unknown Disraeli out of sheer delight at his Byronic ability to irradiate everything with romance.
  2. The prophetical books will aid the student, and the Psalms will irradiate certain dark periods.
  3. Why should he not be proud of any member of the family who could irradiate the antique obscurity of the Chillingly race?
  4. Some of this power ought to irradiate from his eye and his voice whenever he crosses the threshold of a sick-room.
  5. Thus will the perfections of the Deity for ever blaze in the flames of perdition, and irradiate the temple of glory!

Related words & Synonyms

light, lighten, brighten

Nearby words

irotomy , irq , irra , irradiance , irradiant , irradiation , irradicable , irrational , irrational number , irrationalism

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