When it comes to morality, everybody has his own views and beliefs in this regard. As a matter of fact, every religion, every community/social group, every person considers different things to be moral or not. This is a matter of world perception, of understanding ourselves and of having particular values, which are formed under the influence of culture, traditions, environment and religion, of course. Turns out, there is no any commonly accepted definition of morality, as there is no two equal minds that could think the same way. For this reason, what people in one country/community tend to find moral and absolutely acceptable, people in other countries find unacceptable or even pervert (for example, in Saudi Arabia having four wives is a moral, normal and legally supported occurrence, while in the United States of America it is considered to be quite immoral and illegal). Therefore, in order to understand what is morality, the definition and the meaning of this term, you need to do some research. In this article, you will find some useful and interesting information that will help you proceed to accomplishing your assignment.
One of the most widespread and common definitions of the term is that morality is a system/doctrine of beliefs explaining what is right to do and what is wrong to do. In other words, it has to do with the rules controlling and restricting the behavior of a human: the system of beliefs sets a number of rules and everything that lies beyond the field of these rules automatically considers to be immoral. At the same time, some people think that morality is also a system of measurement that shows the degree according to which an action (thought, behavior, etc.) is right/good or wrong/bad. Generally speaking, it is a measurement of goodness and badness of things in the world.
As we have already said, the issue about morality is as controversial as it may be. If to go deep on this issue, there can be seen that not just two social or ethnic groups (countries, continents) may have different points of view in regard to it, but even people within the same community may argue for and agains different meanings of moral and immoral deeds. In addition, sometimes moral deeds are illegal and vise versa. For example, something may be legally totally justified, but at the same time, it cam be considered to be an immoral deed. In such cases, different definitions of morality causes conflicts inside of a particular group, which leads further misunderstanding.
The understanding of what is morality is impossible without knowing where this word has originated. As the majority of other terms, which are used in a number of languages and countries around the world, morality originated from the Latin language. In the very beginning of the existence of this term, it served to explain the proper manners and behavior of a person. When people wanted to describe someone's actions, intentions, words, etc., they used the term 'morality' in order to demonstrate how they judge that or another deed.
A number of sciences, such as religion science, philosophy, moral philosophy, ontology, epistemology and many others have researched the issue of what is moral and immoral for hundreds of years and even still there is no a definition, which could satisfy everybody on the planet. All these sciences address the problems of morality and suggest different approaches to research it.
Throughout evolution of beliefs, religious views, appearance of new values and disappearance of old values, the definition of morality has been changing. It has beed developed all these years and it is developing now, because people tend to change, the environment tends to change and the definition of morality changes also.
There are people, who think that morality and religion are quite the same things. In fact, however, they are not only absolutely different things, but sometimes may be quite the opposite. Morality cannot represent religion (as well as religion cannot represent morality) because these two phenomena belong to two different systems/doctrines of human's behavior. For this reason, a person can have a clear understanding of morality and act in accordance with all the accepted moral norms and rules existing in the community where he lives, and be an atheist at the same time.
Having said that, different religions not only explain what is morality in different ways, they also provide different approaches to dealing with a number of dilemmas concerning morality. While for some religions, killing people is completely prohibited, for others - it is allowed in certain cases. On the other hand, when it is allowed to kill in accordance with religion, morality says that this is an inappropriate crime that can have no excuses. Taking into consideration all these statements, it would be logical to admit, that in researching morality we don't have to appeal to religion, since these two phenomena are parallel and can't be compared or equated.
In addition, it has to be noted that in contemporary society the death penalty is a legal method of punishment people for committing hard crimes. In some countries, it doesn't even have to be such a hard crime. Corruption is sometimes enough to kill a person legally and in accordance with law. Turns out, there are three methods of measurement what is bad and what is right, since in this case, morality, religion and law provide different opinions.
Therefore, when it comes to defining moral values, it is necessary, of course, to take everything into account, although there is no necessity to form your conclusions on the ground of religion or low. Try to think of morality as of a separate phenomenon that has to be researched apart from all other systems of norms and rules existing in the world. Keep reading to learn how to define moral values of your own and of the society you live in as a whole.
While ethics deals with defining moral values by researching principles and rules of a just life, you can try to form your own moral values that will reflect you personal views, attitudes and so on. Below, you will find a number of steps that will be useful in determining moral values and principles of your own, while not going too far from the commonly accepted ones in your society.
Note that your brain and your intellect are the best tools to use in all kinds of situations. Every time you feel confused about something, just think thoroughly and rely upon your own conscience.
All the above-provided information should be useful for you when dealing with a writing assignment covering the issue of morality. In case if you need assistance or any other kind of help, please consider writing services. Some of them are listed below: