Posted at 10.09.2018
Keywords: preventing real human trafficking essay
Throughout the earth today, a silent plague has been sweeping the countries. Although it can be more prevalent in third world countries, its presence also roams the pavements of more intensifying countries (Kelly, 2001). According to the Bureau of Public Affairs of the United States Department of Point out (2004), human being trafficking is "modern-day slavery, regarding patients who are compelled, defrauded or coerced into labor or intimate exploitation" (para. 1). Anti-trafficking initiatives are already set up and, while this can be a part of the right path, it can't be rejected that more must be done. Because human being trafficking is a worldwide predicament, administration and non-government organizations must fortify their initiatives and expand these efforts to create and to execute laws that could reduce trafficking, increase the lives of the subjects, and make the city more aware of this inhumane action.
In relation to this, the goal of this research newspaper is to supply the reader with sufficient information on the different work of authorities and non-government organizations (NGO) to abolish individual trafficking. Furthermore, suggestions on the improvement of these existing programs are also tackled. Last but not least, the purpose of this paper is to raise awareness about human being trafficking as an intolerable crime.
In order to attain these objectives, considerable research on the complexities and effects of human being trafficking was done. Apart from this, the researchers also evaluated various anti-trafficking efforts all over the world and the needed methods for the full total abolishment of individuals trafficking.
Human trafficking clearly violates numerous human rights, particularly those pertaining to personal freedom. It can be considered today's form of slavery because, aside from the fact that subjects are bought and sold like goods, they are put through forced labor that amounts from manual work in sweatshops to prostitution in brothels (Sharma, 2001). Women and children are mainly the victims of this horrendous crime. Across international borders, it has been believed that 600, 000 to 800, 000 men, women, and children are trafficked, and the quantity is only getting higher. 70 percent of the trafficked folks are women and 50 percent are children (Office to Screen and Battle Trafficking in People of america Department of Status, 2004). Similarly, women serve as domestic staff, prostitutes, and mail-order brides to abusive employers or husbands without their full consent. Children, on the other palm, become pitiful subjects of intimate exploitation and child labor.
Despite receiving pledges of well-paying jobs and legitimate work using their company recruiters, the victims end up in a constant state of maltreatment and helplessness under their employers (Kelly, 2001). The control their employers have over them can be related to two things. The first is credit debt bondage, wherein victims pay off the total amount their employers payed for them through compelled labor. They acquire no pay or little pay before money has been reimbursed. When they are able to pay it back, they are up to date that they have incurred additional money through lodging, food, and other bills. In some instances, the subjects are informed that the amount of money is being held on their behalf or delivered to their families back home (Kelly, 2001). Because they do not directly receive the money, they cannot escape using their jobs. The second factor trapping the victims is the lack of legal documents needed to allow them to flee. Most of the patients have been transferred through illegal means, including falsified documents and passports (Kelly, 2001). This makes it impossible for them to contact the specialists and to ask for help, in concern with being seen as against the law immigrants and being deported to their home country shamefully. Also, upon entrance at their destination, recruiters and employers confiscate whatever documents the patients have got and forbid them from getting in touch with anyone, including people of their own family. Deprived of any method of escaping, they can be forced to continue with the work, no matter how deplorable the conditions may be.
Because of their powerlessness, they are really left susceptible to many types of maltreatment (Bureau of General public Affairs of america Department of Condition, 2004). Domestic staff are prone to physical and intimate abuse. Several of them report that they have been battered, sexually assaulted, and raped (Cheung, Karlekar, De Dios, Vichit-Vadakan, & Quisumbing, 1999). Prostitutes remember being verbally abused, being assaulted, and having to get intercourse against their will. Since they haven't any control over the sexual acts they'll perform, they are often brutalized by their customers (Kelly, 2001). They are unable to refuse because their pimps or managers defeat them up or threaten to avoid sending money with their families after they achieve this task (Sharma, 2001). In children, they are beaten up, molested, and sometimes, forced into child pornography or prostitution (Katsuma, 2001).
Even after the ordeal has ended, trafficked victims continue steadily to carry scars from their horrifying experience. Women who once worked as prostitutes conclude with unwanted pregnancies or, worse, HIV/Products (Sharma, 2001). Aside from this, child laborers are significantly malnourished and have problems with various respiratory infections and diseases therefore of contact with poisonous fumes in factories. The kids have underdeveloped intellectual and mental capacities, not only as a result of lack of education, but also because of exposure to an environment unfit for their age group. Trafficking victims tend to be psychologically damaged, kept with a feeling of inferiority and a low self-esteem (NGO Group for the CRC Sub-Group on Child Labour, 2002).
Aside from human being privileges violations, trafficking is a major global concern because of its contribution to the development of international organized crime. According to Sodium (as cited in Bruckert & Mother or father, 2002), because individual trafficking involves source, transit, and destination countries, it requires huge amounts of money, relationships to powerful people in many countries, and good firm, in order to be carried out successfully. Aside from this, the routes used for trafficking are the same as those used for the medication trade, and it is an acknowledged fact that the drug trade is managed by these legal groups. All these establish and support a link between human trafficking and international sorted out crime. Actually, several criminal categories have been reportedly involved with human trafficking activities. Chinese language "triads" traffic women from Russia and the Ukraine into brothels in Macao and Hong Kong (Ovchinsky, 2007). Also, the highly notorious Russian mob smuggle women from the ex - Soviet Union into Israel, sometimes using them to cover weapons they are smuggling as well ("Israel- A Individual Trafficking Haven", 2004).
Despite these facts and reports, it remains hard for authorities to apprehend traffickers due to clandestine character of real human trafficking itself. Even against the law recruiters who run small-scale operations in rural areas are hard to observe because they can simply disguise themselves as acquaintances of the category of the sufferer. Also, individual trafficking is made possible by political problem. Recruiters may start the process, however the furtive copy of the patients in one area to another requires some kind of conspiracy between your traffickers and certain specialists. Traffickers are known to bribe government officials to allow them to pass through the borders as well as for the falsified documents to be disregarded. For instance, in Bosnia, local immigration officers were reported to have obtained free intimate services from prostitutes in brothels in exchange for deliberately overlooking the fact these women were trafficked (Agbu, 2003).
Actions done by governments and non-government organizations have greatly reduced trafficking and have secured those most vunerable to it (Bureau of General public Affairs of the United States Department of State, 2004). Simply by you start with rural areas to local metropolitan communities where individuals trafficking is egregiously present, different administration and non-government organizations (NGOs) have shown concern regarding this matter by utilizing ordinances and laws to serve as a halt to the mentioned illegitimate deed. Both international and countrywide laws have furthermore been passed to avoid human trafficking. In view to the fact that trafficking is an international public predicament, plans created by governments for cover and elimination have been well-promulgated among societies. Nevertheless, individuals who are of full-knowledge about the laws and its own effect on culprits but still choose to infringe it might be punished with regards to the gravity of lawbreaking.
Given that children and women are surveyed to have the most amount of trafficking instances, most international efforts give much attention and concentrate to such situations. The United Nations Protocol to avoid, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children aims to establish a clearly identified international standard regarding trafficking cases (Raymond, n. d. ). The United Nations (UN) offers a comprehensive account of the numerous challenges facing the international community and of the joint ongoing initiatives to find alternatives. This action by the UN (2000) towards the prevention of real human trafficking upholds that "effective action to avoid and overcome trafficking in folks, especially women and children, takes a comprehensive international methodology in the countries of origins, transit and vacation spot that includes steps to avoid such trafficking, to punish the traffickers also to protect the victims of such trafficking, including by guarding their internationally identified human rights" (p. 2). Also, government authorities have implemented steps to provide for the physical, mental health, and social recovery of trafficked women and children, including, in appropriate situations, the cooperation of NGOs, other relevant organizations, and other elements of civil contemporary society.
An exemplory case of the aforementioned organizations includes the International Labour Convention (ILO). The ILO recognizes the recently approved law of 'Special Safety of Children Against Child Maltreatment, Exploitation, and Discrimination Take action' or RA 9231. This regulation eliminates the most detrimental forms of child labor such as slavery, prostitution and pornography, medicine trafficking, and any work that is dangerous to the health and safe practices of children. By any violation to the regulation, a person will automatically be imprisoned, the amount of time depending how grave the trafficking act is ("Establishments utilizing children warned", 2005).
At today's time, most third-world countries put into practice some sort of judicial reform that could allow victims to demand strong penalties for the traffickers-enough to provide deterrence to an extremely profitable unlawful activity. The Anti-Human Trafficking Laws of the Philippines allows victims to take action against traffickers. In essence, this legislation not only supplies the befitting victims to decide how grave the chastisement they need the traffickers to go through, but also the assistance, recovery, and treatment of trafficked victims off their traumatic experience under these criminals. In this manner, the Anti-Human Trafficking Legislation will not only reduce the amount of trafficking situations, but also alleviates the pain brought on by this crime to its victims (Solidarity Philippines Australia Network, 2003).
International and local groups have been established to specifically combat individuals trafficking. Different government authorities and NGOs attended up with departments that will help stop human trafficking. In the Philippines, the Section of Friendly Welfare and Development (DSWD) launched a National Family Violence Protection Program where young families are up to date about the protection under the law of women and children as well as the required actions to safeguard them. To prevent trafficking in children, social staff have been submitted at the airports to monitor the travel of children in another country. Concerning NGOs, GABRIELA, which is the countrywide alliance of women's organizations in the Philippines, is actively involved in considerable awareness campaigns to avoid the trafficking of women and girls from the united states along with the National Commission rate on the Role of the Filipino Women (NCRFW) that has been aggressively advocating plans and programs to avoid trafficking in women and children, most important which is the enactment of anti-trafficking charge into laws (Espada, 2003).
In addition compared to that, an anti-human trafficking confederacy like the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women works together with international policymakers and individuals rights advocates to promote women's rights and stop human being trafficking (Kelly, 2001). In this case, regulations and ordinances do not only cover local areas nor nations all together, but also contains international or world-wide policymaking. With the help of the UN and other global federations, a basic notion of collateral in conditions of policies and laws can be carried out among nations. Moreover, under local situations, the Visayan Forum Basis raises consciousness about trafficking in the Philippines and provides halfway houses for trafficked victims (Odronia, 2008). Consciousness about the consequences of trafficking among its victims and the results that traffickers may go through is a vital aspect for the business.
Because individual trafficking in not yet completely abolished, there is a need to improve existing programs and to create new ones that are better and comprehensive. Kelly (2001) asserts that, since individuals trafficking is a major global concern, there is "a need to develop a legal construction with appropriate penalties, which gives redress for all the ways in which traffickers and exploiters violate women's human rights and is effective in prosecuting these crimes" (p. 35). Furthermore, she stresses the necessity to improve on current anti-human trafficking initiatives, recommending that, "including steps fond of the teenagers who recruitand daring to focus on demand, at home and in foreign countries, would be a radical and pleasant step" (p. 35). The federal government should also see to it that the criminals involved with these crimes receive the right punishment. There were incidences wherein the government has changed a blind eye to these issues, therefore making the existing laws ineffectual. Despite the existence of laws, trafficking remains wide-spread particularly due to problem and the indifference of federal government officials (Sharma, 2001).
A single insurance plan will never be in a position to solve the condition entirely, but it will greatly contribute to the solution. Furthermore, combating problems such as crime, poverty, migration, labor, mental health, and police, should also be part of anti-trafficking initiatives, as these problems are related to and often lead to trafficking (Sharma, 2001). By handling these issues and finding answers to them, there would be a lesser need for people to vacation resort to illegitimate means such as human being trafficking.
Bringing consciousness to the people about anti-human trafficking initiatives also needs to be one of the main concerns of the administration and non-government organizations. As Sharma (2001) stated, "public awareness campaigns are vital to bring issues of intimate trafficking prior to the public in order to induce community based mostly support" (p. 49). It is important to a contemporary society to have citizen assistance because without this, more folks become vulnerable to becoming victims of these unlawful and degrading offences.
Traffickers capitalize on their victims' ignorance and desperation to escape poverty. As a matter of fact, poverty is the leading reason behind human trafficking. Due to poverty, people are deprived of the fundamental education that they need to acquire jobs (Cheung, Karlekar, De Dios, Vichit-Vadakan, & Quisumbing, 1999). These people end up considering unlawful options, and real human trafficking is one of these. This does not just pertain to the victims, but the traffickers themselves. They take good thing about those who find themselves happy to work and deceive them with fake promises of authentic career. The victims, discovering no other substitute and completely unaware of the possible outcomes, succumb to the lures of migration and find themselves in obligated labor or slavery-like conditions (Kelly, 2001).
Because of the, local government authorities, especially in rural areas, should teach the citizens about how to recognize real human trafficking and how to proceed when faced with such an ordeal as they can not be proactive if they're not well-informed about the situation (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, n. d. ). This is done through various varieties of media such as infomercials, documentaries, print out media, and the like. These kinds of media can serve to inform the audiences about the telltale signs of individuals trafficking and promulgate existing regulations in order to deal with the increasing number of human trafficking situations. As a matter of fact, various NGOs and other groupings have used the media to be able to spread essential information about real human trafficking. The Save the kids organization spent some time working with networks for the broadcasting of tv set segments made up of hotline numbers of various anti-trafficking organizations (Anti-Sex Trafficking Firm, 2005). Under local situations, the Philippine Overseas Employment Company has released an anti-trafficking infomercial airing on local Television set networks (USA Department of Point out, 2007). Apart from this, the different anti-human trafficking promotions must have full support and cooperation from the government to allow them to be as effective and well-spread as you can (Kelly, 2001). These campaigns are largely needed in more rural areas of a country since the majority of the victims result from these areas. As mentioned earlier, these people are usually desperate to escape poverty that they do not know the real nature of the horrendous felony.
The eradication of human being trafficking cannot be done over night. Even the toughest anti-trafficking legislation will be inadequate minus the support it requires. This is why programs by both authorities and non-government organizations call for global cooperation and local involvement for the complete abolishment of real human trafficking to be performed (United Nations Population Account, n. d. ).
Human trafficking can be an issue that needs to be addressed because, apart from the simple fact that it perpetuates criminal offenses all around the globe, it severely damages the lives of its innocent victims. Measures to lessen trafficking have been considered by governments and non-government organizations, and these include the creation of both international and countrywide anti-trafficking laws and regulations and programs for preventing trafficking and rehabilitation of trafficking victims. However, it is apparent that more must be done. Apart from having more aggressive campaigns against real human trafficking, raising consciousness for reduction should be at the forefront of most anti-trafficking initiatives.
With a task as clandestine as lucrative as individual trafficking, it may appear that the battle cannot be received. Initiatives taken up to eradicate trafficking have only been successful in minimizing it. However, in the 19th century, slavery was abolished worldwide. If it has been done once, then surely it could be done again. Together with the needed support from the international and nationwide level, the dream of abolishing trafficking may soon be understood.