Posted at 10.13.2018
Although industrialization plays an important role in developing the economics of an country, we can not forget the causes and effects which it brings to the society and environment, particular in water pollution. Therefore, in order to alleviate and eliminate the serious impact of water pollution, we have to know well about the complexities and effects of water pollution in order to find the best answer to tackle this matter. In this article, we are going to present the most important cause and aftereffect of water pollution and ways to resolve this problem.
There are several factors behind which cause water pollution. Among the significant reasons is the waste from the industries. It is so common that almost all of the industries seem to be consider that the sea or rivers is an excellent place for them to dump the waste. Those wastes contain very harmful substances which cause the sea and rivers become poison. Another main reason that leads to this particular pollution is sewage. Sewage is some sort of waste such as faeces or dirty water from home or factories which flows away through sewers. It happens since those people do not want to live in a polluted area or dumpsite. For example, most developing countries carry those sewages to water while most developed countries have flush toilet which may take sewage quickly from their houses. Moreover, sometime sewage is drained directly to the rivers or sea which includes bad effect to the human and diversity in marine life. Last but not least, oil pollution is also the major reason of water pollution. Today, oil pollution becomes a significant problem to concern. Sometime, oil spill is spilled accidentally; however, almost all of the ships spill it to the sea on purpose. The spread of oil cause a serious problem to worry due to the fact that it makes lots of pollution and death to all or any kind of species in the sea. For example, the largest oil spill in Alaska which 44 million litter of oil were release into the pristine wilderness killed many species in the sea. Several animals were killed and many billion of fish were destroyed. (Wood ford Chris, 2006).
In short, waste from industries, sewage, and oil pollution will be the major causes that need to be concerned.
There are two main negative effects that are caused by the industrial water pollution that mostly occurred in the industrialized countries and developing countries. To begin with, water pollution effects on the human health. If the water that folks consume for lifestyle become pollutant, it will effect on their health and lives. Commonly, people in over the world must need water in order to aid their lives, but if the normal water contain lots of chemical substances such as phosphates, sulfuric acid, acids, toxic metals, oil, pesticides, it'll caused many serious diseases on their lives and health such as diarrhea, hepatitis, dysentery, cholera, blood disease, etc. (Chandramita, 2012). For example, people and mostly children who drink the that contain chemical substance like Nitrates, they will face a risk with their health insurance and death. Moreover, when people eat fish or food that takes from water which contain pollutants, they'll get sick. Lastly, water pollution effects on the marine lives and aquatic plants as well. Because when the professional wastes flow through the sewage pipe in to the river or lake, they can effect on the aquatic plants and marine lives that live at there. For common example, many species of fish desire a minimum of 4-5 mg of dissolved oxygen so as to survive, otherwise, if this particular contains chemical compounds, those fish will die or reduce reproductive output and reduce the quantity. (Environmental Engineering Solution, 2008). Furthermore, the oil spilled is each other important that effect on the aquatic plants and marine lives. For example, there a wide range of ships that spill the oil into the ocean or river, thus, the large number of marine lives die each year. Moreover, the aquatic plants like seaweed cannot grow in the polluted water as well.
Prevention is preferable to cure. The best possible way ever to ease and eliminate water pollution from industries is prevention. First of all, Industry should tidy up their waste before disposing it. In elaborate, they should have a proper check on the sort of the waste they are going to dispose of and segregate the harmful and non-harmful waste. Then, they have to clean up the non-harmful sewage before sending it to the sewage and dispose the toxic chemical waste properly. By doing these, it can help to diminish the polluted degree of chemical material that is needed in production when they dispose it into water (Asaff, 2012). Second of all, To be able to protect our water from being polluted, we must ensure that water protection act has its proven effect also to enforce regulations of water protection; Clean Water Act for example, to be able to raise the awareness of the general public and restrict the industry from doing whatever they need without concerning on the result of these action (Natural Resources Defense Council, n. d. ). Last but not least, since oil is recognized as one of the deadly water pollution, industry should get rid of such problem with a regular check up on their machine to be able to avoid the leakage that is stemmed by the improper consumption or machine breakdown. Furthermore, factory must properly disposed the oil that they use and tidy up all the that is resulted by oil leaks (Asaff, 2012).
In Conclusion, if the suggested solution above is fully implemented, water pollution will be alleviated. As a result, the world will be an improved place to are in and less pollution will be harmful to all living things on the planet.
Natural Resources Defense Council. (n. d. ). Promoting water efficiency. Retrieved December 19, 2012 from: http://www. nrdc. org/water/
Sarabeth A. (2012). How to stop water pollution. Retrieved December 19, 2012 from: http://greenliving. lovetoknow. com/Identify_the_Cause_of_Greenhouse_Effect