Posted at 10.17.2018
Existentialism can be defined as a "philosophical movements oriented toward two major themes, the analysis of human existence and the centrality of real human choice. " (Answers). It is a school of thought that means that one can define his own value or meaning of life in a location that is void of interpretation. There is also an implication that one has the freedom to choose his or her own journey. Existentialism is a notion that you have the independence to make his / her own options and with this flexibility comes personality, authenticity, and responsibility. Quite simply, existentialism is the substance of humanity, the thing that makes us different from anyone and other things on the globe. It means being aware of ones flexibility and the approval of things such as death and other tragedies of life. It is the responsibility to produce ones' do it yourself, to be individualistic and traditional.
Satre presumed one was "condemned to be free; that there surely is no limit to ones independence except that people cannot cease being free. " (Stevenson & Haberman, 2009) Satre assumed that each part of your respective life involves a decision; that even emotions and the "subconscious" involve a decision on one's part; there is nothing credited to happenstance or heredity. Freud, on the other side believed the one was divided between the ego/superego, and his or her own disposition. Freud thought some things weren't based on one's freedom of choice, but on that which was offered to person through heredity. Marx, being truly a material determinist, thought people really didn't possess the liberty of choice or of authenticity. Marx believed "first, that (a) the material powers of creation, condition or limit, (b), the relationships of production (e. g. , the hand-mill matches into the feudal composition, but large machinery including the heavy steam mill requires capitalism); secondly that (a) and (b) jointly ("the economical structure") condition or limit, (c) the ideological superstructure. " (Stevenson & Haberman, 2009) Marx believed that a person was conditioned and limited but the dictations of population. He did not believe in liberty of choice or individualism, versus the societal management on folks. Corresponding to Marx, "men enter definite relationships that are indispensable and independent of the will, relations of creation which match a definite stage of development of their material productive makes. " (Stevenson & Haberman, 2009 pg 168). He assumed a individuals "social being driven their consciousness and not the other way around. " (Stevenson & Haberman, 2009 pg 168)
"We who lived in concentration camps can keep in mind the men who strolled through the huts comforting others, offering their last little bit of bread. They may have been few in amount, nonetheless they offer sufficient facts that everything can be taken from a man but a very important factor: the previous of the individual freedoms-to choose one's attitude in virtually any given group of circumstances, to choose one's own way. " (Frankl, 1959)
Viktor Frankl's time and encounters while in the amount camp was torturous, to say the least, to the degree that he reliance was optimism and beliefs; however, this reliance was yet a conclusion that he was able to make regardless of the situation of which he was a part. Frankl had to make the decision to "not come across the cable", a way of committing suicide by so lots of the prisoners, on numerous events. No matter al that was extracted from Frankl, one thing they could not take was his mental flexibility and his capability to make a choice as he's quoted, "The section addresses present-day concerns and exactly how it is possible to "say yes to life" in spite of all the tragic aspects of human living. " (Frankl, 1959 pg. 17) Frankl's capacity to recognize he still yet possessed the independence of preference has a primary regards to the values of existentialism and this off Satre, who believes "there is no limit to liberty except you can not stop to be free. " Whereas Marx assumed "the main element to history lay not in mere ideas - and definitely not in God or a cosmic Soul - however in the economical conditions of life. ", Frankl presumed that even in occurrence of horrific physical and mental conditions, one still experienced a choice and may obtain a deeper spiritual life.
When considering the philosophies of Marx, Frued, and Frankl, I am much more inclined to agree with the philosophies of Frankl. Frankl relied on his faith, spiritual interpretation, and his flexibility of preference to help him endure the sadistic conditions of the concentration camp and stay an individual versus a quantity. Life throws many tragedies into a person's life which is up to the person to exercise his / her freedom to not be dehumanized by the conditions provided by life. One has the decision of retaining a position of individualism rather than allowing modern culture to dictate how he or she should view or handle a situation.
In shutting, I leave the final quote of Frankl"Consuming a world which no more recognized the value of human being will and real human dignity, which had robbed man of his will and got made him an subject to be exterminatedunder the influence the non-public ego finally endured a lose of worth. If the person in the awareness camp didn't struggle against this in a final effort to save lots of his self-respect, he lost the sensation of being a person, a being with a mind, with inner independence and personal valuehis presence descended to the amount of pet life. " (Frankl, 1959 pg70)