Posted at 11.14.2018
I recently stopped at the Metropolitan Museum of Art so that they can compare a normal part with one from the Modern period. The painting i decided to go with from the Traditions is Lorenzo Lotto's "Venus and Cupid. " The painting is thought to be from the late 1520's, though no correct date is recognized. The medium used is olive oil on canvas, and the painting's proportions are 36 3/8 x 43 7/8 in. (92. 4 x 111. 4 cm). In 1986, the painting was purchased as a present by Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, and it is currently located in Gallery 609 of the museum (metmuseum. org). THE PRESENT DAY painting i decided on is "Woman with a Bird, " an 1866 painting by Gustave Courbet. Courbet also used the olive oil on canvas medium in creating his skill. "Woman with a Bird" is 51 x 77 in. (129. 5 x 195. 6 cm). Part of the H. O. Havemeyer Collection (1929), at present time the painting is on view in Gallery 811 (metmuseum. org). Both paintings are bound by one glaring similarity: the existence of your nude female subject matter. In both occasions, there is a second subject as well: for Lotto it is just a nude child, for Courbet this can be a parrot. The display of the nude feminine body is different in the two paintings, as Lotto's work seems to highlight innocence and purity, whereas Courbet's highlights a more provocative subject. This distinction is a critical one, as it marks a stylistic move from the Renaissance to the present day period. While Lotto's painting is attractive and the designs are ornate, Courbet's painting is dark and dreary, with much less concentrate on fanciness. Furthermore, Lotto depicts two Roman deities in his work; Courbet's subject, while beautiful, is not explicitly represented as being of any divine effect. Oddly enough, the medium employed by both music artists is the same, which is demonstrative of the specialized link that these paintings (and the respective eras from which they can be from) show, despite some of the stylistic and thematic distinctions.
To completely ascertain the significance and so this means of the aforementioned artworks, it is beneficial to first understand just a little about the two artists being discussed. Lorenzo Lotto was a painter from North Italy, and his work is customarily placed in the Venetian institution. He was born in 1480 in Venice, Italy and died in 1557 in Loreto, Italy. In between, Lotto painted a large number of pieces, a lot of which involving spiritual subjects. Corresponding to Humfrey, "After his loss of life, (Lotto) slowly but surely became neglected and then almost overlooked" (33). However, skill historian Bernard Berenson led a revival appealing in Lotto's work, and his portions have amassed better popularity within the last a century.
Gustave Courbet was born in Ornans, Doubs, France in 1819, and died in La Tour-de-Peliz, Switzerland in 1877, at age 58. The French painter/sculptor is most well-known for works like a Burial at Ornans. He's notable for starting the "Realism" activity. McCarthy sustains that Courbet's fine art addressed interpersonal issues and depicted vulgarity, "and in doing so challenged contemporary academic ideas of art work" (14). Being sum up Courbet's eventful life, one can look to his own words, as he famously stated: "I am fifty years old and I have always lived in freedom; i want to end my entire life free; whenever i am useless let this be said of me: 'He belonged to no college, to no cathedral, to no establishment, to no academy, least of most to any rgime except the rgime of liberty. " His artwork dropped in line with these sentiments, as he regularly defied classic norms. Regrettably for Courbet, he'd die as he lived: he was eventually exiled and passed on from heavy drinking alcohol (McCarthy). However, his legacy would keep on, as his style and technique would influence his own contemporaries (Monet, for case) and performers to come.
Lotto's painting "Venus and Cupid" symbolizes many qualities associated with the Renaissance, and the original era that it arrived, though it grades a departure from the early methods and styles associated with said period. Traditional Renaissance artwork was commissioned by the Catholic Church, and a lot of Lotto's pieces dropped into the religious category. Regarding to Williamson, altarpieces and smaller devotional pictures were commissioned by the Chapel, and also utilized oil on canvas. As the Renaissance period advanced, there was a revival in concentrate on the Classical Period. Hugh Ross Williamson retains that the High Renaissance induced humanism, and alternatively than only depicting religious information, art started out to depict Classical gods and goddesses as well. Venus was a crucial figure during this time, and many have eliminated so far as to compare her to Eve and/or Mary in the Religious faith. Obviously, Lotto's painting embraces the changes brought on by humanism and the revival of Classicism. In fact, although traditional in many regards, the painting is one of Lotto's few that symbolizes mythology. Both results depicted in the painting are two of the main in Roman mythology: Cupid and Venus. Both information are associated with love, which really is a theme made palpable in Lotto's work.
Metmuseum. org asserts that Lotto's painting is categorised as a "painted epithalamium, the classical term for verses constructed to celebrate a marriage. " The topic was rather typical in this time around, and generally the idea is the fact Cupid is getting up his mother Venus so that she may carry out her tasks as the goddess of love and preside over wedding ceremonies. Many of the painting's details show a relationship theme; for example, Venus' ornate rings and dcor emphasize love and matrimony: "The knotted ribbon bracelets are emblems of love, popular from Renaissance poetry" (metmuseum. org). Also, the flowers and plants depicted in the painting serve to identify similar ideas regarding matrimony: "The roses spread on her behalf body and in the foreground weren't only Venus's flower par excellence, but they were also essential features of classical and Renaissance wedding ceremonies, alongside the myrtle wreath the figure is positioning" (metmuseum. org) Furthermore, Cupid's rendering in this painting really helps to build a light and joyful ambiance. He's shown smiling and urinating on his mom, which seems to be a humorous take action of immaturity and juvenile enthusiasm.
Despite Venus' nudity, the sexuality in the painting is understated for a few reasons. First, with Venus' boy next to her, the nudity takes on a maternal rather than erotic quality. Also, Venus' thighs are shut, and blossom petals cover up her private area. As such, the scene is tasteful, and even the action of urination is shown in a manner that is more humorous than degrading.
Another distinctive quality in the painting is the utilization of depth and point of view. Williamson mentions that depth started out to progress in fine art throughout the Renaissance period, particularly with the advent of humanism. Plainly in this painting, there is a sense of depth, as Cupid is standing up behind his mom, and one of her lower limbs is in the rear of the other.
"Girl with a Parrot" clashes with many of the themes of Tradition. As aforementioned, Courbet was worried about depicting truth, even if it was considered to be tough and/or objectionable. While both Lotto and Courbet show a nude number in their paintings, there are some dissimilarities with how Courbet depicts his subject matter. Courbet's figure, to begin with, is not anyone of classical significance, aside from the goddess of love. There's a certain tastefulness implied just by Venus' stature, which Courbet's subject matter lacks. Just how she is installation of with her hip and legs slightly open shows a degree of promiscuity, as well. Furthermore, Courbet, whose fine art constantly clashed with academics art, represents a subject here that sufficiently offended its audience: "viewers were surprised by the occurrence of the model's discarded clothing and disheveled wild hair" (metmuseum. org). Courbet's image certainly evokes a much more erotic firmness than Lotto's, as his subject is sprawled out with a parrot on her side, no child in sight to promote the innocence that Cupid accomplishes in Lotto's.
Courbet does continue to be marginally traditional in the model's cause, flesh shades, and concealing of the genital area (here included in a blanket only), but most of the painting is emblematic of your period of time with traditional ideals. As compared with the radiant red in Lotto's painting, Courbet's contains very dark colors, almost providing to highlight the darker aspect of woman. It is very significant that the subject is not of any esteemed aspect, and is just a "regular girl, " as this is something that could not be depicted in traditional art work.
Courbet's painting does continue the progression of depth, as there exists obviously background and foreground. The other critical similarity is the medium, as a relatively traditional engine oil and canvas can be used here. Although technically there are a few similarities with Lotto's painting, the spirits and theme seem to be to be contrasting.
I chose both of these paintings because they both depicted, on the surface, a similar subject matter, but there are several dissimilarities that stress the changes that contain occurred throughout art work record. "Venus and Cupid" works together with a known theme in Renaissance art and adds a light, humorous sentiment to it. The painting made me feel joyful. In my own research, I had been most surprised to discover that Lotto generally did not stray from religious images. Upon primarily browsing this painting, I thought the designer must have specialized in depicting classical information. Perhaps Lotto, from the purely religious vantage point, searched for to undermine Roman mythology in his depictions of Cupid and Venus. Although the work is very tasteful, and stays on in line with many of the accepted features of traditional fine art, there is a sense of mischief at play with Cupid and his smirk as he bothers his mom. The whole field is very interesting from a visual and conceptual standpoint. I would like to execute additional research on epithalamium as a result of taking a look at the painting, when i find the relationship special event theme to be fascinating.
I decided "Woman with a Bird" after Lotto's painting, because I noticed it would can make for a fascinating and complex contrast piece. Here you can start to see the juxtaposition of two nude females: one a goddess, one a girl; one adorned in charms and innocent in characteristics, one looking messy and especially seductive. The variations in color serve to highlight the light vs. dark, good vs. evil proven fact that exists upon analysis of the two paintings. While Courbet's subject is not evil, per se, there is a darker side related to her, and she symbolizes a more modern woman. It is clear that Courbet designed to break from traditions with this painting, as he depicts the realities of his contemporary society, and the type of woman that is its by-product.
"Venus and Cupid" by Lorenzo Lotto
"Female with a Bird" by Gustave Courbet