Posted at 10.01.2018
The notion of agnosticism proves oblivious to the presence of irregular occasions where man is sent out of his troubles with a supernatural, in other words miracles. But, are these expected miracles true? Aren't they just another social convention that helps maintain order in the societies of today where crime lurks at every corner? The novels Perfume by Patrick Sјskind and the Outsider by Albert Camus contain characters, who've strong agnostic qualities, and through these individuals, both writers portray their view of religion through both people.
As if to reveal immediately that religion plays a major role in 'Perfume', Sјskind titles the main persona of the book 'Jean-Baptiste Grenouille'. By doing this, Sјskind uses diction to make an analogy between 'Perfume' and the 'Bible' indicating the persona/lifestyle of Grenouille. In the bible, Jean-Baptiste or as the English would say, John the Baptist, was a guy who determined his entire life to wandering around the deserts preaching the communication of God. He previously no home and no family of his own. His vacations through the deserts made him look haggard to anyone who laid their sight on him. By linking the name 'Jean Baptiste' to the bible identity of John, the readers have a picture of how Grenouille would live his life.
Like-wise in 'The Outsider', Mersault's mom chose to have a 'religious funeral' as quoted from the written text. Camus here uses 'religious funeral', because this is typical in those times where religious beliefs played a vital roles in the life of people generally. Even though Mersault's mother had not been religious, once we find out on the next web page, she chose to have a spiritual funeral, to be able to fit in. It was to ensure that she was not to be thought to be an strange person after her fatality. To make her seem like a person who wasn't a stranger to the rules of society. This is associated with one of the main topics in the book in cases like this the theme of society's pressures. Exactly like in Perfume, the author uses diction to enhance the storyline in the book.
Using religious characteristics as helpful information, Sјskind gradually evolves the overall picture of Grenouille in the thoughts of the readers, also foreshadowing the occasions that would happen later-on in his life. 'He's possessed by the devil'. Here, Sјskind foreshadows the happenings which would lead to the death of Grenouille. Regardless of the metaphoristic use of the devil, Grenouille is not possessed by the devil, but instead he's possessed by the desire to accomplish his goal. So, Sјskind personifies Grenouille's biggest ambition, his enthusiasm and compares to the zeal and vigor of someone who is possessed by the devil. The 'devil', leads Grenouille to consider the lives of so many people, so his ambitions are satisfied. Also, Sјskind foreshadows the consequences the perfumes Grenouille creates will have on people. A good example of such an effect is that, people around an individual of the perfume would be attracted to the perfume. The individuals did not understand what draws these to Grenouille. 'It was like these were being possessed'. A situation when one has no control at all the action he/she calls for. By using this technique, Sјskind presents Grenouille as a character who is not like every other, almost a Supreme Being.
When Mersault is taken to start to see the magistrate for the first time, the magistrate questions Mersault if he believes in God. The talk about the murder then instantly changes into a concern about religious beliefs. 'He was leaning right across the stand, waving his crucifix almost straight over me'. Through the use of diction again, Camus uses symbolism with the word Crucifix, to link God to salvation. It creates a concept in the reader's mind that the only path that Mersault can gain salvation for his sin was to confess his sin to God, even if, he hadn't determined that sin. Ironically, Mersault, an atheist, succumbs to the pressures of contemporary society, in this case the examining magistrate, and agrees to change and ask for God's forgiveness. We later realize that Mersault didn't really mean to recognize. That he was driven to do so by the enormous heat in the area and the raging tone of voice of the magistrate. This again can be linked to the novel's theme of oppression in the culture. The writer uses the crucifix to symbolize the pressures contemporary society and religious beliefs places on visitors to conform to the guidelines of modern culture.
In Perfume, the main idea of the book was to describe to the general public that modern culture would always link anything that they don't understand to the supernatural. The author creates an environment in Grasse where the anthropomorphism was severe. 'Whoever believed in god wanted succor in the prayer that at least his own would be spared this visitation from hell'. Grenouille has just killed several beautiful young maidens and still remained undiscovered. The folks presumed that the crimes that were going on cannot have been accomplished by a human being, for the techniques were too unique, so they quickly designated the reason to the supernatural. They likened the fatalities to a visitation from hell so that they can make reason out of the happenings in the city. This can be related to 'The Outsider' because they talk about the same idea. Camus wrote 'The Outsider' because of man's incapability to accept typical but to quickly connect anything that they didn't understand to God and his will.
The main motif of 'The Outsider' is to convey the concept that humans cannot acknowledge certain events and always have to discover a reason for things they don't really understand. This is one way Camus generalizes absurdity. Camus portrays religious beliefs, again symbolized with a crucifix, as the only real means where Human Beings can seem sensible out of the irrational and purposeless. It generalizes the idea that if something is not understood an increased metaphysical being is resorted to. In Perfume, the same idea is shared by Sјskind, who believes that human beings would always turn to the supernatural if something is not comprehended. So, when Mersault defies the magistrate, by rejecting religious beliefs, he implicitly rejects all systems that seek to determine the unknowns in individuals life. The defiance triggers him to be brand as a danger to social order and ultimately contributes to his death. This again, links to the novel's theme of society's pressures and the results of non-conformity.
Both Camus and Sјskind take their reader on a quest through their novels where religion takes on a essential role in the motives of the authors and on the other hand, worthless to the fictional lives of the primary personas. Mersault was carried out time after he declared that God didn't matter to him, that his previous moments were for him alone, and that he 'didn't want to waste it on God'. Mersault lived his life without the account to God and died the same manner. By this, both authors reveal that life can be resided in ignorance; God doesn't have to be the reason for our existence. I'd say that if religion was to be looked at as a fringe and an unrealistic way of earning sense from the incomprehensible, a whole lot of occurrences ever sold will have to be described e. g. the complete background of Jesus and of the New Testament in the Bible of the announcements directed from Allah to Mohammed in the Holy Koran. So, I personally do not agree with Camus and Sјskind, one might consider this to be because of my religious background, but way too many questions will have to be answered about the exactness and fact in what is considered world background today.