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Use Of Metal In Building Design Building Essay

Steel is a mixing machine from alloy which comprises a great deal of iron and around 0. 2 % of carbon. Level will have an impact on the weight from it but normally it is 2. 1% by weight. For flat iron, carbon is the most frequent alloying material, but it also uses other elements such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten. Carbon and other alloying elements desires what I talked about just now are performing as a hardening agent. From doing so, it can prevent dislocations in the iron atom crystal lattice from slipping past one another. By control the amount of alloying elements, it can indirectly control the hardness, ductility and the tensile durability of the ensuing metallic. By increasing the carbon content, it could be made harder and more robust than flat iron, but such metal is also less ductile than flat iron. Steel also called as a versatile materials because the composition and internal structure to tailor its properties can be modified by us. Because of this reason, we can produce material for paperclips, steel bridges, thin pieces of metallic for razor cutting blades and large beam for column.

Properties of steel

Steel more or less is a linear elastic material, it has a solid tensile power which managed to get can be bend into whatever condition that you want, and it also have the same compressive as the tensile durability. It different from concrete, as we know that cement is suprisingly low in tensile strength but they have a solid compressive durability. However, with enough applied power, metal and other metals will stop to behave elastically and start to act plastically. Whenever a materials is linearly flexible, its deformation, or stress, will be immediately proportional to the applied make and it'll return to its original form when the force is removed. A plastic material, on the other hand, will once and for all deform without breaking.

In true to life, we can't found such thing as correctly elastic or plastic material. Material likes metal, the tensile durability and the compressive power are worried by structural technicians. When steel extends to its yield power, It began to stretch and transition from elastic to plastic action. When you can find more power that applied on metal, it will made it reaches its ultimate tensile durability and eventually it will break. Because of the high tensile durability that material has, structural technical engineers take this benefits in their design. In some Natural disasters loves earthquake or major structural inability, the properties which steel has is very helpful because it allows the composition to soak up extra load. For all those materials that too brittle, it'll shatter instead of stretch, it possibly will cause the composition to crash down, but also for material likes steel, when the framework is ruined, but its clear plastic behavior allows time for get away.

Advantage of steel

As all technical engineers know, material is very helpful in construction. There are a great number of benefits of using metallic in construction. That's the reason so many development on the planet use metal as main materials.

1. Recycling

Use material in building only will generate a little amount of misuse. For all people light gauge metallic construction is completely recyclable. In one year, over the trillion pound of steel was recycled. Matching from a trustable data, it shows metal industry annually helps you to save energy up to 18 million households for annually.

2. Strong and Durability

Compare with use lumber for framing work, metallic is significantly more powerful than wood. Other than carbon fiber, there is no other materials can match steel's superior strength and durability. The reason we never apply carbon fibers inside our building is because carbon fiber is much more expensive compare with steel. Building that uses steel will permit the building to resist earthquake, hurricanes and other natural disease.

3. Local climate and Condition

As we realize, steel created from strong flat iron and carbon, so that it will never crack, shrink, splinter, creep, split, or swell. Specific members of an wood-framed building react in different ways to climate changes. This wood movement can include enlargement, contraction, warping, twisting, etc.

4. Weigh

Steel's weigh is 60 percent minimal than hardwood. 6 tons of steel can facilitates 2000 square foot home, but for lumber, it needs around 20 tons to support 2000 Sf home.

Although steel is light but it's very strong. Use material for foundations makes it be lighter; vehicles and site handling are easier.

Problem of steel

There is not a perfect material in this world; each material has their strong point and week point. For material, the most serious problem is corrosion. Because of the moisture of the environment, those metallic that exposed to air will get hurry easily. Owner of the house have to invest big money to eliminate those rush metal and replace it with new steel. So somewhat than waste big money to replace after it dash, engineer had found out some way to prevent it before get dash.

1. Materials resilient to Corrosion

In real life, we can not find a material that can totally immune to corrosion in all environments. To prevent corrosion, we have to know the surroundings factor that causes them to hurry. Corrosion Resistance Day are being used to examine the suitability of materials in an environment.

2. Defensive coating

For prevent metallic from corrosion, protecting coatings are the most widely used technique. Protective coatings divide the areas of the matter that will corrode from the factors in the surroundings which cause corrosion to occur. Even protective covering is a common way of corrosion control technique, but it generally does not indicate it can completely the top.

3. Catholic Protection

There is another way to prevent corrosion from using electricity. Catholic safety inhibits the natural action of the electrochemical cells that are accountable for corrosion. For those materials which always exposed to air or drinking water, using Catholic cover method is a good technique.

Other than the corrosion problem, metal can't resist warmth as well. So when in applied in column, it requires a thick layer of cement to resist open fire. From doing this, when the building is in fire, people received a lot of time to run from the building before it collapse.

Uses of metallic in construction work

The number of creating will keep increasing nowadays with help of steel components all around the globe. The engineer discovered that material that is very helpful in the building work due to the ability of tensile and compressive strength. Cost of steel also affordable by client. In a very building, steel parts will be the most strong, most sturdy and reliable kind of all building material that can stand the test of time.

Due to the reason which is steels are strong, and cheaper equate to other material, aesthetic, flame resist, do not require further treatment and it is environmentally friendly. Benefit of steel will do to draw attention to metal and material components; the only real issue that requires even more elaboration is their elasticity and stability. Nowadays people do not need to be scared anymore for their firbeboard-house or pvc houses will be sweep away by surprise, tornados and other natural disasters. Reliable, solid and strong components will brings trust to customer.

Corrosion is one of the primary disadvantages of steel parts used for engineering though nowadays the majority of the manufacturers heat-treat metallic parts in order they become metal and stone-like. High temperature conductivity is another problem of metal structures that is why houses are not equipped with them completely scale.

Structural-Steel Columns

The method of obtaining the ends of an column greatly affects its durability. While solid wood and cast-iron columns usually arise in building engineering with chiseled or rectangular ends, structural-steel columns tend to be used, having either hinged, flat or square, and fixed ends. Where the ends are firmly fixed, so that the column is likely to are unsuccessful in the shaft, before the end associations are ruptured, higher power is developed than with columns having hinged or pinned ends. Columns having level or rectangular ends are somewhat better than hinged-end columns, however, not so strong as those having their ends solidly secured.

Light steel framing

Thin sheets of galvanized metal can be made into steel studs used as a building material for rough-framing in commercial or home construction (pictured), and a great many other applications. The sizing of the room is made with horizontal monitor that is anchored to the floor and ceiling to summarize each room. The vertical studs are established in the tracks, usually spaced 16" apart, and fastened at the very top and bottom level.

Rectangular steel shape, or "perimeter framework" of the Willis building (at right) contrasted resistant to the diagrid frame at 30 St Mary Axe, London, UK.

The primary styles used in home construction are the C-shape stud and the U-shaped keep track of, and a number of other patterns. Framing members are usually stated in a thickness of 12 to 25 measure. The wall carry out is anchored to both flange factors of the stud, which can vary from 1-1/4" to 3" dense, and the width of web ranges from 1-5/8" to 14". Rectangular areas are taken off the net to provide access for electrical wiring.

Steel mills produce galvanized sheet steel, the base material for light-gauge metal. Sheet steel is then roll-formed into the final information used for framing. The bed sheets are zinc covered (galvanized) to avoid oxidation and corrosion. Metal framing provides excellent design versatility because of the inherent durability of steel, that allows it to course over an extended distance than solid wood, and also avoid wind and earthquake tons.

Light Material Framing has been thoroughly used in frosty climate countries because of its good thermal and structural behaviour. Heat loss reduction and tenement thermal comfort have been the primary driving forces defining the design of the frames. The primary issue to be addressed is how striving for thermal efficiency can result in structural weakening and poor flames performance.

( http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Steel_frame)


Steel is an essential character in construction work. It could apply in concrete, farming work, beam, column, etc. Steel strong in tensile and compressive, so when apply in column, it can benefit column to easily crack or damage. Compare with wood make building, material make building allow people try to escape from the building when it is at fire.

Steel can be totally recycled, and it'll not produce any waste material when it apply in structure. Talk about the benefit, metallic is strong and it can go longer than any material. Carbon dietary fiber has same properties as metallic, but cost of carbon fibers is incredibly expensive compare with steel.

There is not any perfect material on earth, even steel is good, but it can corrode anytime while i expose to air or drinking water. Customer or owner spent big money for the further treatment. So somewhat to spend money on the further treatment, they choose to do something onto it before it install. Such way like layer, material resist, and catholic coverage.


Initially I choose lumber as the materials of the project, but eventually I found out that steel is more prevalent use and it's properties is very unique. Metallic much more more robust than hardwood, lighter than hardwood and speak about the further treatment, woods are often spoil, so it will waste more income. But nowadays steels are getting lesser, we must find another materials to displace it, Carbon fiber gets the same properties with steel but the situation could it be is very expensive compare with metal. Recycle is the ultimate way to solve this issue. Metallic can be routine easily, we can get the source from tin, old car, old building's beam. From doing this, we can make sure

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