Posted at 11.19.2018
1. 0 Introduction
Temperament identifies a person's quality modes of psychological and behavioral giving an answer to environmental events. It really is biologically based on heredity, neural and hormonal and it can affect our reaction to the environment. It is also influenced as time passes by heredity from parents and experience. You will find 3 types of character which is easy-going character, slow to warm up nature and difficult character. Easy-going temperament babies are quiet and relaxed; they are also seen as friendly and smiling gladly. Slow to warm up temperament babies are shy plus they remember to try new things as they don't like new situations. Difficult temperament babies are very emotional and get upset easily, they cannot adjust to new environment and people. The 6 proportions of individual variations in infant character as well as the influences of nature are further mentioned below.
2. 0 Main body
2. 1 Six Dimensions
Basically there are 6 different types of characteristics for infant nature including fearful distress, irritable problems, positive result, activity level, attention course and rhythmicity.
2. 1. 1 Fearful Distress
Fearful distress does mean fearfulness and it refers to the way they response when feel fear. The characteristic of fearful distress is wariness, distress and withdrawal in new situation. The positive example for newborns is they won't cry frequently when they feel scare but if is negative infants they will weep every time they feel scare such as crying when parents departing, when stranger get near them or crying when getting an injection. Incidentally, for positive thinking adult who are facing fearful stress they will try to triumph over fearfulness and think it in positive way. Negative thinking adult who are facing fearful distress usually cannot rest well at night because they always being concerned. Some are certain to get nervous, stomachache and get sweaty hands when facing fearful problems.
2. 1. 2 Irritable Distress
Irritable distress also means anger. The characteristic of irritable problems is fussiness, crying and demonstrating distress when they can't get what they want. The positive irritable distress babies won't cry easily although they are upset however the negative irritable problems babies will cry and become fussiness when they can not get what they want. The irritable distress for positive adult could keep relaxed, relax but negative irritable distress adult will easily get furious and be very impulse when something happened.
2. 1. 3 Positive Affect
Positive affect refers to occurrence of smiling, laughing, determination to address other and also to cooperate with them. Example for positive have an impact on of positive baby is they will smile to others and waving their hands, opposite that the babies will weep when strangers look next to them. The example for adult is they went to a training camp happily to meet new friends and have fun along. Negative men and women do nothing like any new activities and they're likely to avoid themselves from get together new people.
2. 1. 4 Activity Level
Activity Level is the quantity of gross motor activity which by simple telling is how much a child goes. For the example of high activity level baby is a child kicking and moving often when changing their diapers and when they are sleeping. For low activity level baby is child will not moving when sleeping. The example for high activity level adult is they likes out-of-doors activities such as football, participating in badminton or others sport game titles. For the low activity level adult is they like silent environment, they'll like interior activities which is like reading, playing chess and pulling.
2. 1. 5 Attention Span
Attention course simply means that just how long a child hanging out focuses on items or events that they are interested to. The example for the baby of have brief attention course is crying in a brief period after their parents carry them or sometimes they just recognize that keep crying is not the way and stop crying immediately but if is long attention course baby is they can crying lout and keep crying when they need parents to transport them although their parents is transporting. The example for brief attention span adult is they can not take a seat in the very long time. They often get right up while they can be doing something and them easily to stop. For the long attention course adult they do things meticulously and can sit in a long time.
2. 1. 6 Rhythmicity
Rhythmicity means that the regularity of bodily processes. Positive example for the rhythmicity baby is their eating and bowel movement time are regular, they'll require food every few hours. Negative example is they'll wake up easily and their bowel motion is different out of every time. For positive rhythmicity adult, each goes to sleep once on every night. Negative rhythmicity adult is they laying down on the foundation but fall asleep in several time.
2. 2 Influences on Temperament
There are several varieties of affect on temperament that can be divided into two different levels; before and after preschool period. Before preschool usually just influence by their parents as their personality are passed on with their children obviously while after preschool generate more influences such as environment the kids are in such as their surroundings, friends or people they meet.
2. 2. 1 Before Preschool
Before preschool period, the primary influence of temperament is the Hereditary Effect which simply by declaring is the temperament passed down from the parents to their children genetically. Usually if the kids are indistinguishable twins, there is a higher chance both of them having the same frame of mind and temperament. As for fraternal twins, the chances of having same personality and frame of mind are lower compared to identical twins. For normal siblings, they usually have different personality and attitude from each other. In case the parents have long attention course and high activity level then their kids will likely to act same likes the parents. Children's IQ and EQ is really all based on their parents as those are genetically passed on to them.
2. 2. 2 After Preschool
After the children are 3 years old, parents usually send their children to attend preschool class proposed by kindergarten. As children start to enroll in classes from kindergarten they learn to meet other children and teachers. After preschool period, there are some other affects on temperament rather than just hereditary influence which is environment affect. Children learn to concern about their environment especially other children and their instructors; they prefer to have fun alongside the children they like. As a result, they will begin to learn their frame of mind and temperament to be remembered as friends with them. If the good friend is a bully they also will learn from them becoming a bully because they would like to hang out with their friend. Children will learn their teacher's attitude and personality as they like the teacher to teach them and they respect the elderly so if their instructor themselves show their bad attitude in front of the children, they will also behaving like the tutor because the person they value also behaving like that.
In conclusion, personality is someone's characteristic methods of psychological and behavioral responding to environmental incidents. The 3 types of nature which is easy-going nature, slow to warm-up temperament and difficult character combined with the 2 main affects onto it which is hereditary affects and environmental affects are mentioned. The 6 sizes of infant character which is fearful problems, irritable distress, positive problems, activity level, attention span and rhythmicity are also discussed. I remember to try new things and residing in new environment so I think that slow-moving to warm-up is my kind of temperament. I would like to change myself to become an easy-going personality person. Through this assignment I learned the 6 dimensions and the 3 types of temperament, through these details I also learned that how hereditary and environment can effect a children's character.