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Two Recent Technological Advancements In Endoscopy Nursing Essay

I am presently working at a day case endoscopy device, the two developments in endoscopy procedures I am looking at are, opportunity guide and little sedation. I will be assessing patients at your day case endoscopy device I currently work at by taking part in procedures designed to use range guide and little sedation. During this time period, I will be emphasising at the advancements in the treatment and safeness of patients, to observe how these have better quality of patient health care and diagnose problems relaxed.

Endoscopist, Nurses and Doctor depend largely on growth in technology for providing enhanced patient health care and ability to diagnose problems relaxed. The use of computer-assisted image assistance technology to the Endoscopic surgical treatments allow creation of new solutions to address the problems by giving the needed 3-D imager that finally improves correctness, efficiency and safety during procedures. (Daniel L Farkas et al 2008). Range guide 3-D imager, is a non contact form which runs on the low strength magnetic field to show a real time 3 - dimension view of the position and orientation of the intestines range with the belly cavity by means of detromagnetic transmitting coils included in the colonoscope insertion tube. 3 - D imager that ultimately improves exactness, efficiency and protection during techniques (Daniel L. Farkas et al 2008). The scope guide 3 - D imager help out with identification of the correct blend of manoeuvres essential to deal with the loops once made - Olympus 2008.

A specialist Endoscopist London UK commented about range Guide 3 - D imager "when we began to develop the electromagnetic imaging technology for opportunity guide. I envisioned a system that would allow colonoscopist to feel as comfortable as a tourist - travelling through the most unstable city with the help of a basic safety navigation system he commented "today range guide does that i. e. improving colonoscopy by giving a genuine time 3 dimensional display of colonoscope position and configuration, the endoscopist no longer need to count on estimate and feel to determine the orientation of any inserted scope, range guide will change the why you observe colonoscopy, 3 - D imager is an essential part of quality colonoscopy.

3 - D imager can show shape both from lateral and anterior view course together in "split display mode". The usage of this opportunity guide gets rid of the hazard of radiation for patients, doctors, this makes the 3 - D imager ideal for daily clinical use and for training goal. (Yamamate (2008) and Koichin et al, (2008) both stated that is pain free colonoscopy possible? The best benefit of this new technology is that when using insufflators - air is an enemy.

The 3 - D imager offers easy visualization and manoeuvres also to orientate the range along the intestines. Easily it avon loops and whenever loops occurs styling it on and needs less time unlike long time procedures.

3 - D imager few with EVIS EXERA 11 260 series system offers images in hi-def. There are specific scopes that can be used with the 3 - D imager which deliver image on the scope guide keep an eye on in 3d, which make it possible for the patient watches it on the screen. No sedation sometimes or individual sedation given, patient tolerate the task well with help of the range guide makes the task quicker, safer and comfortable for most patients.

The use of this 3 - D imager is performed by attaching the cord from the guide screen to the scope, which transmits a present to the scope and shows on the 3 - D imager keep an eye on showing where the opportunity is, if there are loops in the intestines, and assists as a guide to the endoscopist.

3 - D imager is effective and safe equipment for treatment of making colonoscopy less painful especially in patients with long bowel or loopy bowel, whereas procedures are abandoned most times when patients cannot tolerate it because it is rather painful and far fear of perforation.

Some of the producing real time 3D imager is that it is with the capacity of producing real-time 3D image display of position and orientation of the colonoscopy. The endoscopist no more needs to rely on guess work or fluoroscopy to look for the configuration associated with an inserted scope. The Range Guide 3-D imager uses a low level magnetic field to show a real time 3-aspect view of the positioning and orientation of the bowel range with the abs cavity by means of electromagnetic transmission coils included in the colonoscope insertion pipe. The opportunity guide assist the endoscopist in the identification of the right combination of manoeuvres essential to deal with the loops once shaped - (Olympus, 2008)

It shows the correct ways to manoeuvres and straightens complicated looping. It is completely safe for daily usage because of the electromagnetic transmission coils within the range creates a low strength magnetic field. It generally reduces pain during colonoscopy which enhance advance total cave of patient in today endoscopy techniques. It helps in supplying quality good care throughout the task for the patient, endoscopist and nurses, it gets rid of the hazard of radiation from X-ray during colonoscopy, but with the 3 D imager scope guide, X-ray is no more required.

It really helps to reduces time during procedure by making complicated method easy, hence less lengthy procedure, it can help their capacity in pain management with their painful. The scope guide can be dangerous if the cords are not well mounted on the scope, which could give a wrong picture. The nurse takes on an important role in the treatment of the individual before after and during 3 D imager scope guide is used.

In my device all the good thing about scope guide proven at Solna convention for any endoscopists in UK and Ireland can be seen basically every day since the colonoscopist started out using the gear. We've three treatment rooms running and the machine is having only 1 Range Guide 3-D Imager. It really is now a tournaments between the endoscopist, concerning who will use the equipment even when the task is fairly simple as some might declare but because it give them easy visualisation and manoeuvres also to orientate the scope along the digestive tract. Easily they can avoid loops and whenever loop occurs styling it on was very easy and can take less time unlike before whenever we don't have the equipment. All of the noise and shout of discomfort by the patient during colonoscopy procedures has significantly reduced because the introduction of the gear in the machine, and nurse's job in the procedure room is becoming less tense unlike before. When a patient requires the utilization of 3 D imager scope guide due to create hysterotory operation or very hard earlier colonoscopy because of looping, we look after them in the next way.

Initially the patient is accepted for an outpatient treatment and examined in, consented, during consenting the physician will make clear to the patient for the need of using the 3 D imager what problems involved in manoeuvring the opportunity and patient during the use from it, repositioning of the individual to obtain a good view and to minimise the looping if that why, hence the individual will sign the consent form (medical and midwifery council 2008), British World of Gastroenterology 1991, 2008) (BSG recommendations) sedation is given via intravenous (IV) way and if to provide any emergency treatment if you need to. A sinus catheter sponge is also attached to the individual for oxygen supervision.

The patient is given blue knickers for level of privacy and because of repositioning to avoid unnecessary visibility of patient (privateness and dignity). The individual is firstly added to the kept lateral with legs bent towards the chest, in the mean time monitory if the oxygen saturation, pulse and blood pressure are examined throughout the procedure. The individual is talked through the methods, informing the individual when to expect more pain when negotiating the flexures of the intestines. The monitor of the opportunity guide cord is then mounted on the range to be used, and right preparing done which brings on the light on screen of the range guide. Sedation and when possible muscle relencant i. e. antispasmodic or analgesic is given through the intravenous route, everyone i. e. the doctor and nurses in the room will wear an apron, gloves and goggles (Health insurance and Safety Executive 1992).

The Endoscopist will reconfirm from the nurse whether the constant the task, the range guide must be checked and the cotside on the left hand aspect is disappointed and the versatile plate is located near to the patients stomach and to make certain no destruction and plate well put prior to start of procedure. The top movable plate should be put in right position rather than on the upper body or let (Aorn 2004). During the procedure the scope guide environment is evolved as the individual is repositioned that ought to be visually seen on the monitor to give a right direction of the range in the digestive tract and monitored. The procedure time, the patient is recognized and monitored for belly pain and possible perspiration or vasovagal reactions. The pain degree of the patient is assessed that will determine whether to top the sedation, pain reliever or antispasmodic injections by the endoscopist, through the nurse within is there as the patients advocate, the cardiac arrest trolley with the defibrillator should be accessible within easy reach (BSG 2003).

Post attention of the individual should be watched for severe abs pain brought on by 3 D - imager (Malick 2006). The patient will be wheeled on the trolley to the restoration ward and ongoing monitory of the observations and vital signs for just about any of the complication must be documented and documented. Through the consenting time, the patient will need to have been provided with verbal and written instructions emphasising on observations for severe pain and bleeding (in case there is perforation), if any unexpected symptoms come up, they is going to automobile accident and crisis immediately (Norton et al 2008).

In the endoscopy unit where I work, 3 D - imager range guide was applied late this past year, through it's a fresh technology its. This at first course some problems because some of the medical team I use, some will say leave the cortside up, some say allow it down as a result of inadequate training on the utilization of the imager. Even on repositioning the patient, some medical team have no idea where the arrow on the screen should be which will have an effect on the image.

In treating conditions or scoping patients who has had hysterectomy or with tons of looping in the colon, I have discovered the differentiation between when the scope guide is utilized so when not. The colonoscopist think it is much comfortable for the individual and each visualisation and manoeuvres, loops averted easily and easily straightening, loops if it occurs, the scope guide used may gives images in high definition. The opportunity guide has little by little wins the heart of all Endoscopists in my own device for less long time using one procedure. The usage of the opportunity guide there is no need of colonoscopy method under X-ray i. e. between barium Adversary or CT scan this minimizes the hazard of rays for patients. My product is regards as among the finest bowel cancer testing unit due to the use of range guide 3 D imager. The procedure is quick, safer, pain-free and comfortable for most patients, it has really encouraged patient to come for the screening process within my unit.

2nd assignment

Minimal sedation is given relating to patients tastes in strategies (BSG 2008) such as gastroscopy, brochoscopy adaptable sigmodoscopy, colonoscopy, stent insertion to my device, little sedation is mandatory for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograph patients (ERCP).

Minimal sedation is a method of sedation which was officially known as conscious sedation. In cases like this, its a method where no pain relievers are being used therefore making patient to be awake an aware during distressing process without too much uncomfortableness experience for successful endoscopy, general anaesthesia and little sedation used, but little sedation is a lot a safer method to control pain and stress and anxiety during strategies (Rex 2006).

In my device, minimal sedation can be used for most steps done i. e. both lower and upper gastro intestinal endoscopies, formally in my work environment 6 - 8 mg midazolam was used which is no more used. The record of the fast response (2008) the maximum dosage of midazolam is 5mg which is now the most recent practice in my own unit.

Minimal sedation has been used and accepted because it will not require an anaesthetist, which is more economical this technique is very useful for endoscopist in providing an improved examination which boosts patients comfort and amnesic effect (Regula and Sokol-Kobielska 2008). The medicine of choice because of its rapid onset, short period of action is Midazolam, it offer an amnesic effort and help relax the individual (Norton et al 2008). The most common benzodiazepines are diazepam and midazolam, majority of Endoscopist choose to use midazolam because of computer fast onset of action and high amnesic result (National Suggestions Clearing House 2003). During strategies the group called benzo diazepam's are used either only or in blend with an opiate e. g. pethidine or fentanyl, when it is been used by itself the event of respiratory problem with either midazolam or fentanyl is rather low. In contrast, the implications rises when both drugs are given in combination.

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