Posted at 12.12.2018
The article of traits are powerful predictors of behavior has indicated both point and counterpoint. Simple say, for the idea, it indicted that people's characteristics are consistent in different situations so that their qualities can be expected their action; while for the counterpoint, it indicated that people's features will change in response to company situation. In my viewpoint, I have a tendency to support the point, which qualities are powerful predictors of patterns, for the reason that it can apply in generally circumstances.
Why it's important to learn whether features can predict habit? In general speaking, the key element of company is recruiting, and employee tendencies will impact not only specific shows but also the group shows so that affect overall group shows. Therefore, if qualities do predict tendencies, it would give a manager yet another way or concern to improve specific, group, and overall organization performances. Why this can improve performances? For the reason that by understanding employees' traits, we can anticipate their behavior which is highly associated to their working performances. For instance, Robbins et al. (2011) determined that the reason why organizations like to hire agreeable worker is because they do not haggle over every ounce, and they're nice to help others no subject is it related with their job or not, thus although agreeable worker might possibly not have excellent performances, they could accomplish others performances.
Before beginning to explain the characteristics are powerful predictors of tendencies, it is essential to understand the key terminologies and theories, which include characteristic and patterns, and the best Five Personality Model (Big Five) as well as the Mygers-Briggs Type Sign (MBTI):
Broadly speaking, personality attributes refer to reliable patterns in the way individuals act, feel, and think' (Cervone & Pervin 2009). The key things of the characteristic are, for example, using "unkind" to spell it out an individual, then the individual tends to act unkind as time passes and across situations.
Behavior identifies an individual's conducts, which is the exhibition of the individual's characteristics. The conducts that show the individual's initial patterns is instinct, or without pondering, usually it is call individual's performance.
Big Five Personality Model
The Big Five include five major trait categories which can be Extroversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Steadiness, and Openness to Experience. Mondak (2010) mentioned that the best Five Personality Model are seen as wide domains, which collectively representing a hierarchy that organizes and summarizes the vast majority of subsidiary characteristics.
Mygers-Briggs Type Indicator
MBTI identifies 16 types of personality predicated on individuals' extraversion or introversion and their cognitive functions of thinking, sense, experience and intuition (Mullins & Christy 2011).
After this is part, the next part will be to prove the debate, which is "the attributes are powerful predictors of behavior". You can find 2 points to support, and 1 point is against it.
If trait can predict individual's behavior, the outcomes of the prediction should be consistent each and every time, which suggest, for a straightforward example, a person who is kind (characteristic), he/she will help others with no repay (behavior), while another person that is also kind (characteristic), he/she will also have a tendency to help others without the repay (patterns). Therefore, if the assumption is true, then the debate will be right.
However, the premise to prove the assumption is true is usually that the trait of an individual should be became near unchanged, or hard to improve in generally (There should be some exception circumstances). Here will be several cases showing that characteristics are near unchanged. Nick Vujicic who does not need limbs is the foremost example, his innate attributes are extroversion, agreeable, positive, etc. . Yet his characteristics remain unchanged as time passes and he even organizes many discussions in various places, in several situations, yet his attributes are still unchanged (Leadership TO YOU 2013). For another example, David Maraniss (2012), who had written a book of detail information of Barack Obama, explains that Obama possesses confidence, citizenship, value, etc. , for occasion Obama has resolved that "Starting today, we must decide on ourselves up, dust particles ourselves off, and get started the task of remaking America", He certainly voice out his sentences so that people are filled with confidence by his self confidence speak, this make general public to trust on his system of alleviation of the tough economy. David Maraniss (2012) suggested that the features of young Barack Obama were already possessed such traits of now Barack Obama. In view of that, these examples show that the features are next to unchanged in generally, which may then further prove the next part of the assumption.
The next is to demonstrate the outcomes of the prediction are regular every time. In common sense, the characteristic must be constant to behavior, otherwise it is performance. For example, if an individual is lazy, it must be impossible to anticipate that the individual can do more than the necessity at any time and in any general situation. Aside from the good sense, Pervin L. A. , Cervone D. & John O. P. (2005) discovered that features are secure and basic action pattern, quite simply, it means standard behavior of an individual are made by their stable traits. This also can support that the outcomes of the prediction are steady each time.
All in all, the assumption, which "If trait can forecast individual's behavior, the outcomes of the prediction should be steady each and every time", is proved to be true in general case, so the debate is right, which characteristic can predict behavior.
The publication "Personality Psychology at work" (2001) included the study of validity in predicting requirements, which was to determine whether there are relationship between traits and behavior, and finally the result is positive, which means these are correlative.
However, there are 2 big groups of researcher have confidence in 2 different aspects. One of these believes that using wide-ranging personality traits are not good prediction of complicated requirements, while another group advocates the opposite view. The latter one seems to be more efficient and even more feasible in the task place.
Why the broad personality characteristics are relatively more suitable to predict a person's behavior in workplace? Roberts B. W. & Hogan R. (2001) explained that construct-valid actions of unidimensional personality characteristics are preferred in the prediction of work and other conditions, for example, the best Five Personality Model and the Mygers-Briggs Type Indicator, the advantages of these tools include more accuracy in criterion prediction and an improved knowledge of work tendencies. Simple say, the Big Five can be acted as the first-order test, while the MBTI can be acted as a reinforcement of the top Five; both are aspect enough for screening individual in work place. Furthermore, although using specific personality features can predict the precise behavior of a person, it is relatively complicated and frustrating than wide-ranging personality tests therefore it is not economic.
All in every, the above mentioned research finding and the further analysis of making use of the prediction in work place have turned out that characteristics are powerful predictors of action.
Although there are lots of evidences supports characteristics are powerful predictors of behavior, you may still find some expectation instances. The effect of traits in explaining behavior may very well be weakest in strong situations (Robbins S. P. 2012), which means traits cannot forecast patterns at such situation. The parties which can apply the aforementioned inference mainly are disciplined services, such as army, police, open fire fighter etc.
It is very easy to comprehend that why action of disciplined services will not be predicted by their characteristics. For the reason that of strong situation. Yet what's strong situation? It means there are formal legislation / guidelines that clearly define which action is acceptable in particular when they are working, and there are also punishments for deviant tendencies. For instance, a policeman who are unorganized usually in their lifestyle, but he must be organized when he is on duty, in any other case the data of the authorities power will be messy which lead to overall efficiency decease.
All in every, traits cannot predict behavior at strong situation. The purpose of such practice in disciplined services is to reduce the impact of different personality qualities so as to create positive atmosphere in working environment, and create professional image to general public.
Here is the conclusion of the complete essay in to one paragraph. The main argument of this essay is the fact that "traits are powerful predictors of behavior", and the purpose of conducting this article is showing out and describe the argument is right, finally the outcomes have turned out why features can predict action; there are 2 reasons to aid the argument which can be (1) the outcome of the prediction is steady each time, and (2) using traits to predict patterns is accurate, yet there are exception case which is (3) features cannot predict behavior at strong situation. Additionally, this essay in addition has discussed why knowing features can predict tendencies is important and how it influence corporation.
Last however, not least, predicated on the entire essay, here are several standard suggests for organizations. As the aforementioned statement have talked about, to be more efficient plus more feasible to anticipate employees, the suitable way is to use broad personality way of measuring, such as Big Five and MBTI. In addition, to prevent staff to get personality disorder, an organization have to place more effort in 2 aspects that are recruitment and selection, and training and development. To accomplish well in those 2 aspects, a business can apply the best Five and MBTI to comprehend the employee to be able to decrease personality turmoil and to generate a comfortable working environment.