In 1968, Garret Hardin dared to challenge the morality of mankind’s freedom to breed. That was done in his tragedy of the commons essay. From his point of view, the only hope of our human society is to handle the population problem. Frankly speaking, that Hardin’s suggestion was just a sort of extension on the original topic firstly announced in 1833 by William Forster Llloyd.
In his tragedy of the commons essay Hardin reaches his extraordinary conclusions built around the concept that a communal resource of the global ownership will come to its gloomy end some day. It’s because it’s so typical for every rational owner to maximize the utilization of available resources in order to derive the maximum benefit. As all of individuals are used to acting under this rationale, they’re bound to end up with finite resources. It’s so sad to realize that we all reside in a finite world, which can successfully support only a limited amount of human beings.
Hardin’s moral implications as well as philosophical analysis offer a deep insight on sustainable development of human society. Undoubtedly, sustainable development is an issue of supreme importance when it comes to assessing global issues, which challenge human society. Here, we mean water resources, global climate change, supply, holes in the ozone layer and other related stuff.
A solid conceptual inspiration created by Hardin’s moral assessment is quite evident when it comes to shaping the ethics of a civil engineer primarily focused on meeting the constantly growing developmental needs of society without compromising the sacred needs of our future generations.
Hardin becomes a real idol of sustainable development due to his unique solution to the population problem. To cut a long story short, his concept suggests that society should sacrifice its freedom of breading in favor of more important opportunities. So, we need to meet our today’s needs in order to conserve the actual needs of future generations.
To support his point of view Hardin offers a persuasive cattle herdsmen illustration. According to this illustration, herdsmen try to keep open grazing pastures as flooded with cattle as possible. The herdsmen have to face an annoying question regarding the benefit of adding an extra animal to the herd. They need to decide whether they should add or not to add an extra animal and that’s probably the toughest choice ever faced by humans. The positive result of adding an extra cow to the herd actually outweighs the downside of this decision. A crucial factor of this choice is the full acknowledgement of the imbalance. In this case, the adverse outcomes of this decision will be equally shared among all.
Civil engineers require sharing a huge responsibility in addressing the changing global issues faced by today’s human societies. The major challenge requires concentration on society’s acclimation to the process of regulation. Energy supply as well as use is of supreme importance, because we’re getting more and more dependent on a wide range of nonrenewable energy sources. It’s an evident fact that without alternative energy sources we can hardly solve this global problem. In culture, priding itself in advancing technology, it’s getting harder and harder to cutback. For example, let’s take a look at the movie industry. Hollywood is one of the most harmful industries to the environment. The matter is that film making traditionally brings huge energy consumption as well as hazardous emissions. Well, if we follow Hardin’s ideas expressed in that article, we may suggest that freedom of entertaining should be sacrificed for freeing up energy for more noble things. However, the given suggestion never accounts for conserved energy in order to support the longstanding growth of the human population, not to mention the rapidly increasing use of fossil fuels.
As you see, Hardin’s suggestion regarding the limitation of our breeding directly addresses the global problem. Well, let’s assume we’re going to add another cow to rather a limited space of our pasture. If we opt for this decision, we’ll end up consuming the available resources much quicker with rather a negative impact on the whole herd. In this case, a civil engineer requires bring about plausible solutions to current global issues, while maintaining a firm mindset of sustainable development. In his work Hardin clearly depicted moral implications as well as philosophical analysis in the approach to tackling this nasty population problem.
The author’s harmful effect on nature is quite pervasive. Any solution can become valid in the pursuit of greater and more practical benefits for human societies.
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