Posted at 10.28.2018
In the words of Nelson Mandela, Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the planet. Set up use of education is to change the world positively or negatively it is certain that it is the most effective weapon to improve the world. In a very totalitarian talk about it sometimes appears that the deprivation of education is employed to control the citizens preventing rebellion. Dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Fidel Castro used the school system to instruct the children to love them and follow their commands. Imagine if these dictators regime had been successful? How would the structure of contemporary society appear controlled by a totalitarian government? Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Story is a powerful representation of an dystopia where specialist manipulated and regulated culture. The setting of the book resides in the Republic of Gilead, a late 20th century futuristic, male-dominated, theocratic totalitarian society, set in past Cambridge Massachusetts (litspatmedialoperations. com). Several unstated natural disasters cause the infertility of many women; those who have been fertile, were pressured to be handmaid's. The novel is informed through the eyes of an handmaid by the name of Offred. Atwood's influential 1985 book The Handmaid's Story uses the location of Harvard College or university as a headquarters for the new routine to symbolize the partnership between your control of knowledge and the ability to stabilize totalitarian control in a theocratic society. This can be proven through the evaluation of the utilization of propaganda, the restriction of books, and theocracy.
Atwood uses the totalitarian tool of propaganda, and exercises this to this extreme to help condition her dystopia of the republic of Gilead. The Gileadean authorities uses propaganda to manipulate the population to follow their ideologies and support the federal government. When the tourists from Japan visit the republic of Gilead Ofglen and Offred cannot help but stare and judge them. This depicts the level and rate with which government executed their views and ideologies into population. The government uses propaganda as a tool to teach the Gileadean contemporary society and confine their knowledge to the very least. The propaganda in the novel is mainly centered towards women, as they are the customers of society which have lost the most due to the establishment of the new federal and they must therefore be managed and convinced the most (customessaymeister. com). The thing that girls were allowed to read were large banners proclaiming "God is a natural resource"(Atwood, 146) and "Women's pravaganza today"(Atwood, 146). Something that was very popularly advertised in the Gileadean administration was the using up of books. "there were women burning literature and magazines, and that is what she really was there for" (Atwood, 25). Financial firms ironic, as the setting of the book occurs in prestigious, Harvard School - a location of past esteemed education, and knowledge, but is portrayed in the book as a setting for oppression, and enforced ignorance. Atwood intentionally creates this preparing to express the magnitude, and possibility of this totalitarian state learning to be a reality in today's culture. Again we see more propaganda when Offred is watching the news headlines and a picture of any victory in the warfare is being performed. "First, the front lines. They aren't lines, really: the warfare seems to be going on in many places at onceThey only show us victories, never defeats. Who would like bad media?" (Atwood, 55) The idea of an omnipresent battle in Gilead is related to George Orwell's book 1984. Exactly like 1984, the conflict is not designed to be gained, but to be constant.
"It does not subject if the war is not real, or when it is, that victory is extremely hard. The war is not designed to be won. It really is designed to be continuous. The essential work of modern warfare, is the devastation of all real human laborin concept, the war effort is always organized to keep contemporary society on the brink of starvation. And its subject matter is not victory over Eurasia or Eastasia, but to keep carefully the very structure of population intact. (Orwell, 117)
The consciousness to be at war, and for that reason in danger, makes the submission of most power to the thought of a greater good seem the natural, unavoidable condition of survival. (george-orwell. org) Knowledge in this situation is not used to limit it, but to regulate what modern culture knows. To regulate the thoughts of a society, is true control.
The restriction of literature is utilized by the republic of Gilead to put into action their own ideologies and theocracy into the minds of society. The handmaids got one purpose, and one purpose only; to reproduce, and endure children for the Commander's. "They didn't care what they
did to your feet or the hands, even if it was long lasting. Remember, said Aunt Lydia. For our purposes your feet and your hands aren't essential. " (Atwood, 62). They were unnecessary for other things, so it was better to keep them ignorant, and limit their usage of literature. By restricting the citizens' brains from literature, it is also restricting them from knowledge. "Knowing was a temptation. Everything you have no idea won't tempt you". (Atwood, 133). The actual fact that the program sustains ignorance in the populace by removing books, is also ironic to the setting up of Harvard University or college because it gets the oldest library in the U. S. , and the most significant university library in the world (information. harvard. edu). It includes approximately 17 million items in its library that are used for educational purposes (asklib. hcl. harvard. edu). Based on the novel, these items in the library were probably used up, or confiscated from everyone, for the government's own use. The GPA to gain admission to Harvard College or university was a 4. 0, and a score of 2400 on one's SAT's. (collegeapps. about. com). A utopia of learning is crushed and burnt down in the novel to limit the access to literature as a means of control of the populations knowledge. The program does indeed this to ensure rebellion does not occur. A rebellion is what the Republic will try to prevent, and with the control of knowledge, they keep population blissfully ignorant.
Atwood evidently satirizes the theocratic Republic of Gilead expressing the societal problems that may appear if religious ideologies are used to lead contemporary population. 'Veritas, Christo, et ecclesaiae' is the Harvard School slogan which means Fact, for Christ and the Chapel (hcs. harvard. edu). This reflects the religious structured ideologies already put on society today, such as criminalizing abortion, and taking away gay protection under the law.
"If a man also rest with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be placed to death - Leviticus 20:13".
The bible addresses gay privileges as being an abomination, and that those who are gay should surely be put to loss of life. The novel state governments that gay people were hung on the wall. The limitation of the bible allows the routine to take elements of it and communicate them within an extreme manner. The precise goals of the novel are fundamentalist Protestants in the us, sometimes known as right-wing Christians because of their conservative views on public issues such as abortion, women's privileges and gay protection under the law. (novelguide. com). The novel expresses the conservative religious views of society and exaggerates them with their limits (IBID). Atwood intentionally uses the setting of Harvard College or university, as it is found in Cambridge near Boston, and the Boston Tea Get together was a major factor in the North american Revolution. (hillcresthighenglish. wikispaces. com) The irony of it all would be that the talk about of Massachusetts that ensued independence from the English, has been deliberately transformed in to the headquarters for this totalitarian regime. The walls of Gilead symbolize total authoritarian control, and symbolizes the increased loss of freedom. The theocratic Republic of Gilead is also much like middle-eastern countries of governments that use religious text message as merit for his or her totalitarian regime, including the Saudi Kings of Saudi Arabia who rely on Sharia Legislation to use justice. The handmaids in the book are compelled to wear dresses which conceal the face, and body from view. In middle-eastern countries led by Sharia Laws, the girl is required to wear a Burqa which is indistinguishable to the information of the veil within the Handmaid's Tale. The importance of experiencing Harvard School as a headquarters is that its ideologies were predicated on Christian views. In fact, both other Ivy League universities of the U. S. , Yale, and Princeton are deeply rooted as Religious based University's. Princeton's crest still dictates the declaration "Dei sub numine viget", which means "Under God she flourishes". (answersingenisis. org) The first 12 months class of Princeton was educated by Reverend Jonathan Dickson (IBID). Atwood uses Harvard to symbolize that the Christian ideologies that are being rooted in to the students system becomes the students ideals and morals. Atwood illustrates in her dystopia, that the partnership between Chapel and State must remain distinct, or elsewhere risk the utter downfall of humanity.
Atwood's The Handmaids Story uses the location of Harvard College or university to ironically symbolize the relationship between the limitation and control of knowledge and the capability to stabilize totalitarian control in a theocratic world as proven by illustrating the techniques of propaganda, the restriction of literature and the theocratic contemporary society. The government of Gilead uses propaganda to control the intellects of the populous and stir fear by creating the threat of an omnipresent battle, and putting into action their own ideologies into culture. The use and advertisement of e book burnings are ironic, as Atwood deliberately places these occurrences at Harvard College or university, the positioning of the greatest U. S. library, and most significant University library on the planet. The Gileadean reason for the restriction of literature, is to keep society ignorant. By detatching and restricting knowledge, it also restricts exterior thoughts of rebellion and uprisings. Atwood using irony, places the school as a location of diminishing knowledge for the federal government to seize societal control. Atwood illustrates in the novel, the exaggerated amount at which religious ideologies are used for solving societal problems, and depicts that the signing up for of chapel and state, would be the sheer downfall of mankind. It is clear that Atwood purposefully uses the location of Harvard College or university as sheer irony to symbolize the immediate marriage between knowledge and control The realization, is the fact to possess knowledge, is to obtain control of your life. In the words of the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, "The roots of education are bitter, but the berries is sweet". Atwood may present the issues of feminine oppression, religious fanaticism, and a manipulating advertising, but the antidote to all these problems is a fruitful education.