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Theory Of Person Centred Counselling Psychology Essay

In this article, the idea of person centred counselling and skills for best practice will be recognized. This will likely also show the utilization of my being attentive skills, use of the central conditions and exactly how I manage the time boundaries of a session. Proof my improvement will be included by demonstrating my very own understanding of person centred counselling and the theory behind it. As well as my potential to mention the six necessary and sufficient conditions for healing change, mainly the three main conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive respect and overall assessing the skills I personally use to listen to the clients.

The theory of person centred counselling is a humanistic way, founded by Carl Rogers which approach was based on the personal i. e. your client. The counselling environment is a spot to which a person may go to learn or make an effort to express thoughts and thoughts which ever kind they desire to discuss, knowing that they are simply in a protected climate to take action and it is the counsellor who is able to aid this safe and correct environment to aid your client on the path towards their own journey compared to that of self-exploration, resulting in becoming more congruent using their self and gaining a more inner locus of evaluation, therefore on the right path to achieving to become a fully operating person. The abilities for best practice in person-centred counselling are the six necessary and sufficient conditions for a therapeutic change, the three main conditions being empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard and these main conditions are essential to a counsellor. Using the three main main conditions being set up these will assist the counsellor to aid the client to move forward with the primary skill of hearing the client.

Listening is the most crucial attribute of person centred counselling, if not in every forms of counselling. Frankland et al (1995) talks about about tuning in and explains the several types of listening i. e. active listening, hearing emotions and process and listening to thoughts. Checking out the client's thoughts, thoughts and depends upon of your client is of upmost importance. As growing up in Britain, common knowledge was that it was wrong to show emotions of any kind in public areas and as a result of this, listening to someone who is telling you their profound thoughts and emotions can be greatly difficult. It may also be as greatly difficult expressing these thoughts and thoughts, after being advised most of someone's life if not absolutely all of their life that you don't talk about thoughts and feelings. I have found that listening came up natural if you ask me as this is something which I have always finished with relatives and buddies. However, through my trip on the counselling level I found out that I was not actively being attentive. What I came across hard was the not offering advice like I would easily was with family or friends. I found that if something in my personal life was impacting me, it was almost such as a distraction and my being attentive skills would become fairly poor, in the sense of lacking the client's key thoughts occasionally, which in turn influenced my reflecting skills, because if I missed the main element feelings I could not mirror them back again to the client. A lot of the sessions I've acquired as a counsellor have been pretty good. I really do miss things as this is my learning curve and I must make errors to make myself a better trainee counsellor and person.

The primary conditions of empathy, unconditional positive respect and congruence are fantastic however, I am not completely sure easily have managed to be congruent with a client. I do not believe the opportunity has come around, yet I have been told over a feedback sheet i possessed shown great congruence in a program but I am uncertain to how as I identified this more as an effort alternatively than congruence, until it was congruence in difficult. However, Mearns et al (2000: 204) says, "congruence is the accurate symbolisation and integration of self-experience into awareness and the correct expression of this integrated experience in behaviour. " Therefore, without realising I could have possibly been congruent toward the client.

So far I've come across a potential unconditional positive regard slide, for example; "you were unacquainted with how you were being". Now the client did not feel this is a slip but might have been seen by others therefore and the feedback came from a tutor. This does trouble me as I know how judgemental I could be generally circumstances and need the challenge to make certain I am in a position to handle the situation at hand properly. I'd like to become a non-judgemental person but I believe this is hard to come by. However, unconditional positive regard, as Merry (2002) state governments, does not indicate I have to trust everything a customer does. It really is more about becoming more understanding whilst training to be as non-judgemental as possible as nobody is ideal.

"Empathy is the willingness and ability to enter in the experiential world of the other person" (Mearns et al (2000: 199). I have shown great empathy as my peers have brought up in feedback bedding, for example; "empathic toward client". I nod showing your client I am tuning in and depending on the thoughts in the program, I laugh with your client and at times feel very unhappy with your client and by reflecting key thoughts again I assist your client to focus on the thoughts and feelings etc. that the client has brought. Clarifying is something Rogers thought was primarily associated with empathy. The clarifying is checking out with the client that the actual counsellor noticed was right which is also seen as reflection, depending on how the counsellors say's the clarification back to your client. Reflections have been the basic skills I have been learning and up until recently was not aware that reflections could be observed as clarification as before I cannot remember ever having clarified. Little or nothing has been pointed out in my feedback, therefore will be a good idea for myself to ask my peers for that as my specific opinions.

I have found the abilities necessary for a counselling treatment like reflecting, paraphrasing, clarifying, silence and concern to be great problems. I find I kick myself easily miss an integral feeling and I believe my paraphrasing is coming together nicely now, however I've found that I started to paraphrase too often instead of using key feelings which could have been powerful if mirrored back to the client. This started to fret me as whilst in a counselling procedure I did not realise i had been paraphrasing normally as I was. As Ivey et al (2009) clarifies when a paraphrase is given appropriately then the final result would be for the client to recognize and continue to explore their thoughts etc. that were being explored in more depth. Also at one point I came across myself using words or assertions that my peers cannot understand. That is something I'll be sure never to do again as I really do not want a customer thinking I am carrying this out to use electricity over them. Up until this was brought to my attention I had been unaware I had formed even used words that someone may not understand.

Straight reflections will be the area I must improve on, rather than focusing on not sounding just like a parrot. A straight reflection in itself can be so powerful and by swapping that with a paraphrase, may come across to the client that I have not been hearing properly to them. A representation is not just repeating back what has been said, it is also repeating the emotions behind what has been said, which is also just as powerful as what themselves. Helping the client get a better understanding of what they have been declaring and knowing that there are emotions behind what has been said, if emotions can be found in what your client has brought.

Time boundaries I have found difficult with out a timing device in the room. I have the ability to state correctly fine at the start of the session, how long your client has with me, however I did so struggle for quite a while when i was proclaiming " we have roughly" instead of "we've". Judging just how long we've been in the time I find greatly difficult, with out a colleague waving an arm to inform me that point is almost up, this is something I really believe will come if you ask me in time with practising. However, in the mean time I've adopted practising at home.

Closing a procedure of recent has been fine, however, I experienced a stage of asking your client "is there other things you want to include", which is misleading to your client as it leaves the finish of the program wide open therefore not actually closed in any way. The need for set origins and endings as Hodges, (2011: 67) expresses "Counsellors who allow consultations to begin later are modelling poor restrictions to the client".

The use of silence, if done effectively is incredibly powerful as it gives both consumer and counsellor the perfect time to reflect on the thing that was said before the silence. I found silence was a huge thing for me, as in personal development I have a tendency to struggle with long silences but realised that during a counselling procedure this is no more the situation, and I find I could swap from being myself to being professional. I really believe this is merely down to the actual fact we have been doing fifteen minute DVD's and the silences in that time are just brief. Once lengthening the DVD I may come across this personal problem again which with being aware of this I am able to offer with it if it arises.

I am aware I have quite a distance to visit before my skills are to the product quality they should be for me to achieve my degree so that as Mearns et al (2007:45) clarifies "It is impossible to provide a client acceptance, empathy and genuineness at the deepest level if such responses are with-held from the do it yourself" and this is where I need to concentrate on not with-holding these from myself. I know of a few of the conditions located on myself as a kid and I now know just how important it is for me to cope with these conditions by finding a counsellor and I am aware which i am on the ladder aiming to reach toward self-actualisation.

The theory of person centred counselling and skills for best practice have been determined throughout as I've mentioned whatever I have had have a problem with as well as skills I have not. This has shown the use of my hearing skills, use of the center conditions and exactly how I manage the time boundaries of an session. Proof my improvement has been included by demonstrating my very own knowledge of person centred counselling and the idea behind it. Aswell as my capability to mention the center conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive respect and overall assessing the skills I've used to hear the customers.


Frankland, A. and Sanders, P. (1995). Next steps in counselling. PCCS Literature: Manchester.

Hodges, S. (2011). The Guidance Practicum and Internship Manual: A Resource for Graduate Guidance Students. Springer Posting Company: New York.

Ivey, A. , Ivey, M. and Zalaquett, C. (2009). Intentional Interviewing & Counseling: Facilitating Customer Development in a Multicultural Population. Cengage Learning: USA.

Mearns, D. and Thorne, B. (2000). Person-Centred Therapy Today: New Frontiers in Theory and Practice. Sage: London.

Mearns, D. and Thorne, B. (2007). Person-centred counselling in action. Third ed. Sage: London.

Merry, T. (2002). Learning and being in person-centred counselling. Second ed. PCCS Literature: Manchester.

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