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Theories of home violence

Keywords: psychology local violence, communal learning theory domestic violence, domestic assault alcohol

There a wide range of different theories regarding the causes of home violence (maltreatment). Included in these are psychological theories that consider personality characteristics and mental characteristics of the offender, as well as interpersonal ideas which consider exterior factors in the offender's environment, such as stress, communal learning and medicine and alcohol misuse.

Psychological theories give attention to personality qualities and mental characteristics of the offender. Matching to this theoretical methodology, characteristics associated with individuals who abuse their partners include low self-esteem, isolation from public support, a manipulative characteristics, and a desire for power and control (Suman Kakar 1998). These individuals will tend to be unwilling to adopt responsibility because of their own activities, have extreme feelings of jealousy and possessiveness, be excessively reliant on the victim, and/or have certain mental or internal disorders.

An essential requirement in the psychological theory is electric power and control. In a few relationships, violence develops out of an perceived dependence on vitality and control. That's where the abuser may use violence as a technique to gain or maintain vitality and control over the sufferer. Abusers may wish to control their partner because of complications in regulating anger and other strong feelings, or when they feel inferior compared to the other partner in education and socioeconomic history. For instance, inside our world today, women have changed from being just a "housewife" and taken up the role as a "career woman". No more are women keeping home and tending to the home while men venture out and work. Actually, a lot of women took over jobs that were previously performed my men (women politicians). This has brought about a power have difficulties in the family which frequently leads to home disputes and misuse: Some men with very traditional values still think they may have the to control women, and this women are not equal to men, while women on the other palm, are vying for power and control.

Stress may be increased when a person is residing in a family situation, with increased pressures. Social tensions, due to inadequate finances or other such problems in a family group may further increase tensions. Assault is not always triggered by stress, but may be one of many ways that some (but not all) people react to stress. Families and couples in poverty may become more more likely to experience domestic assault, credited to increased stress and issues about finances and other aspects. Some speculate that poverty may hinder a man's capacity to live up to his notion of "successful manhood", thus he fears burning off honor and respect. Due to him not having the ability to economically support his better half, and maintain control, he may turn to assault as ways to express masculinity.

Social learning theory suggests that people learn from watching and modeling after others' behaviour. With positive reinforcement, the behavior carries on. If one observes violent habit, one is much more likely to imitate it. If there are no negative outcomes (e. g. victim accepts the assault, with submission), then the behaviour will likely continue. Oftentimes, violence is transmitted from generation to era in a cyclical manner. Corresponding to Trust St Catherine of the Women's Tool and Outreach centre in Jamaica, "there is a culture of maltreatment, especially on the list of interior city poor. . . " Studies have discovered that nearly half of abusive men grew up in homes where their dad or step dad was an abuser. A host where assault is either educated, by example, or accepted as "normal" will imprint upon a child's psyche. For instance, a young youngster may see his father come home from work drunk and furious, screaming at his mother. He watches his mother try to please and placate his father's drunken behaviour. The young young man is being educated that assault gets results. He is developing his own ideas in what makes a man.

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Drug and/or liquor abuse may be considered a precursor to home violence. Substance abuse brings about out-of-control behavior. A drunk or high person will be less inclined to control his / her violent impulses. However some have argued that abusers use drug and alcoholic beverages as an excuse because of their action. Yet, liquor can be an important risk factor for partner abuse. Matching to School of the West Indies professor and gender expert in Trinidad, Rhoda Reddock: in Trinidad, many of the most gruesome murders and intimate violence are associated with mental disease brought about by drug and alcoholic beverages craving, respectively. Since liquor diminishes control and raises the potential for acting on impulse, it isn't surprising that some feel it can be a catalyst for misuse. Ordinarily a person can maintain control of violent emotions when he's sober, but following a few drinks, he becomes abusive. The alcoholic beverages has dulled his wits and diminished his ability to control his temper.

In the Caribbean or more specifically in Barbados, home violence is now more and more obvious in the contemporary society. Domestic violence is seldom reported in the island, hence why the real incidence of local violence is undiscovered. In November of 2005, according to The World Health Group (WHO) one woman atlanta divorce attorneys three (3) women are reported to be sexually abused during childhood or adolescence. The study revealed that the most common forms of assault is meted out by loved ones. As mentioned preceding, domestic assault is also known to be closely associated with drug and liquor abuse. Regarding to Tessa Chaderton-Shaw, administrator, of the Country wide Council of DRUG ABUSE (NCSA), "There are several cross-cutting problems with drug abuse and domestic violence. . . " She also stated that, "It could lead to isolation, shame, guilt, primary denial, loss of support, low self-esteem and a prospect of criminal participation. " People then became more aware of Domestic Assault in the country, and the awareness has constantly been growing. Even the Barbados Police Force has taken domestic violence under much more serious consideration and experienced devised a proper plan to treat domestic assault and reduce its occurrence, regarding to Sergeant David Wiltshire. Wiltshire said that officials were sent to the United States and Britain for training to react to domestic violence issues.


  1. Theories - http://social. jrank. org/pages/210/Domestic-Violence-Causes-Domestic-Violence. html
  2. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Home_violence#Psychological
  3. http://wost201h_domviol. tripod. com/groupactionproject/identification4. html
  4. Suman Kakar - Offender Justice Approaches to Domestic Violence (1998).
  5. Rhoda Reddock & Faith St Catherine - http://www. jamaicaobserver. com/magazines/AllWoman/html/20061203T000000-0500_116180_OBS_CARIBBEAN_FACES_DOMESTIC_VIOLENCE_CHALLENGE_. asp
  6. Barbados & Domestic Violence - http://archive. nationnews. com/archive_results. php?mode=allwords&IncludeStories=1&numPer=20&start=0&keyword=Domestic+Violence&smartText
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