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Theories of criminology | What causes crime?

This paper targets the information about the crimes. Different theories about the criminology are described. Main concentration will be on the criminology and its own two theories. Criminology is the analysis of factors about the offences that lead to its phenomena. This criminal offenses may be of individual or social mother nature. It includes making laws and regulations, breaking regulations and efforts to break the laws. Criminology focuses on the social, cultural and individual causes of the illegal behavior. Criminology is straight related to sociology and psychology in all disciplines that offer with a group or individual action. However an function that is immoral or indecent can be legal act unless it isn't outlawed by the state of hawaii.

Criminology involves our organized means of thinking and discussing criminal offenses, criminals and criminal offenses control (Garland and Sparks, 2000, 192).

Personal and neighborhood income will be the strongest predictors of violent crime" (cited in "Wasting America's Future (Arloc Sherman, 1994, p88).

Demonstrates that glaring communal and financial inequalities inside our modern culture impose correspondingly high costs in the form of street crime. (John Hagan & Ruth D. Peterson, Criminal offenses and Inequality, 1995, Stanford U, p4)

Factors behind Crimes: Factors behind criminal offense may be environmental, hereditary or internal. Environmental triggers are eliminated as independent causes of crimes. But mental health conditions are reported to be determinant of an individual's reaction to persuasive environmental affect. Criminologist says that certain offenders are given birth to to create crimes in the environment. Other cause will be the poverty. Due to low condition of their living, they are enforced to commit crimes. Discrimination against minorities may become the reason for crimes. Psychological disorders are also reason behind crimes.

Crime Prevention: Ultimate aim of crime protection is to lessen the risk of victims. Here we find the ways to avoid crimes. Do not provide the possibility to the thief to use advantages of your property. Fewer opportunities may become the cause of decrease in the criminal offense rates. Areas should enhance the way of living of poor of this country. Poverty alleviation programs on sensible basis can reduce the crime rates. Legislations and enforcement companies are key role player in reduction of crimes. Delay in justice must be avoided.

Issues in Criminology: Several issues come up which are serious causes to put the crimes rate not lowering. These issues change from the amount of crime. Because of difference in the legal and legal justice system the offense rate is not minimizing. Contrast in the police reporting and genuine crime survey is another concern. Proper prosecution is not discovered when a offense is committed. Due to distinctions in data quality a criminal offenses rate can not be feasible work to lessen the pace of offense.

Difference between micro- and macro theories: Variances between micro and macro level theories exist. To identify a theory whether it is macro or micro level is to check on what the theory predicts. Concentrate of the micro-level theory is on the individual interaction. Individual characteristics can be discussed by the connections of people in a environment. These are referred to as epidemiology. Epidemiology here's concerned with the entire crime rates. Exemplory case of this kind of theory is the relationship between mature children and their parents. Macro-level theory is most extended and targets the communal problems, social conditions and interpersonal processes. For instance; the way the old people's position is influenced by industrialization. Micro level theories are called role theories while macro level theories include era stratification theory. Macro theory shows the criminal behavior of the offences around the world.

Micro-level, or individual-level theories "link specific characteristics to the

Probability an individual will take part in criminal conducts. (Bernard & Snipes 1996, p. 335).

Crime Areas: Crimes includes following states. Offense can be assessed from the depth and character of the individual as well as group violence involved in that crime. Crimes are recognized as injury someone for home benefits.

Murder: It really is a big lack of life.

Rape: It really is an immoral take action that becomes the cause of this type of criminal offenses.

Robbery: It will involve transporting of any valuable things by the power.

Assault: Physical attack

Burglary: Top notch classes will be the offenders in some cases.

Motor Vehicle Fraud: It offers stealing the autos in public places.

Robbery: It is mostly found in roadways. Hence mobile snatching is an exemplory case of the robbery.

All the states related to offense and its aspect has priority over the other expresses.

Criminology must have concern itself with the best things global, geo-political and transitional. Central point of the work is that how offences are related to the contemporary society and what results they have on it. What implications are found in macro and micro level ideas? Correlation is available but most variations exist between these kinds of theories.

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