Posted at 10.27.2018
Michelle Elaine Mora
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Section I: Identifications
Section II: Essays
Comparative politics is thought as the study and assessment of local politics across countries.  Politics is thought as the struggle in virtually any group for power that will give a number of persons the capability to make decisions for the bigger group.  How we review politics has transformed over the years and dramatic changes have took place in the last fifty years only. Greek philosopher Aristotle is seen as the first person to study politics as a science, but is politics really a science?
In the beginning years, scholars who research politics and administration would analyze it just as as philosophy. Scholars mainly centered on describing the government rather than evaluating, making generalizations, or offering solutions to problems within politics. This started out to improve with Aristotle commenced to research administration. Aristotle started to compare research on existing politics systems; he compared a hundred fifty-eight Greek city-states and decided the ideal political system. This was an empirical approach that may be confirmed and retested, causeing this to be the first methodical method of politics.  It wasn't until Nicolli Machiavelli that that the present day day scientific method of political research started, 1, 800 years after Aristotle's research. Machiavelli's methodology wanted to research different politics systems of present day government authorities but also to compare them to those of the past. Machiavelli then made generalizations about success and failures of different politics systems. Machiavelli work then offered solutions to predecessor's problems. Machiavelli's work was also empirical.  Despite the fact that Machiavelli is recognized as the first modern politics scientist it wasn't before behavioral trend in 1950-1960's that scholars started to create ideas and generalizations that may help explain and even predict political activity.  Throughout history just how politics is analyzed has changed considerably, but is studying politics in a methodical way possible? Is it really technology?
Simply explained, yes, politics can be analyzed as a research. One can develop a hypothesis, come to conclusions through qualitative or quantitative research, have self-employed and dependent parameters, and make advice based on research simply by using the same scientific method found in hard sciences such as biology and chemistry. An example of research using the clinical method is "The Correlates of Nuclear Proliferation: A Quantitative Test, " by Sonali Singh and Christopher R. Way. Experts Singh and Way's hypothesis is that we now have three different phases in relation to weaponization of nuclear weapons technology. They then created centered and independent parameters (democracy and democratization economic interdependence and liberalization, statues inconsistency/symbolic motivations). The writers then have quantitative trials with statistical methods and came to the conclusion that nuclear weapons proliferation is highly from the level of financial development, the external threat environment, insufficient great power security promises, an low degree of integration in the world overall economy.  Through this example, one can observe how the clinical method can be employed to political/ comparative research as well. There are some drawbacks to doing political research as a science. For example, it's possible that there surely is selection bias, there are limited numbers of cases, struggling to control variables, struggling to make cause/result relationship, and usage of cases is bound. Despite the fact that there are drawbacks to studying politics as a technology, the advantages of being able to pull conclusions and make tips on policy, government systems, etc, it is the best suited way to study politics and comparative politics.
One of the best policy problems facing is post-colonial states is political sovereignty. Globalization, as it is a kind of imperialism, makes this problem harder to solve because of its history within these countries and there current occurrence or non-presence in a few. Globalization is defined as an activity whereby extensive and extensive webs of relationships hook up people across time and space. In countries such as those in Latin America who resided under Spain when they were colonized then immediately after gaining independence were imperialized by the united states have struggled to maintain a democracy and keep maintaining politics sovereignty without third world countries looking to part of and create their own forms of federal or play big brother to these countries, eventually giving them worse off than they were before.
Some challenges these countries face in globalization in post colonialism include specific things like establishing their own democracy, creating their own overall economy, and attempting to prosper in a fast growing third world. They also possessed conflicts over land, ethnicity, faith, gender, and equality. The largest problem is how these countries keep their political sovereignty without making globalization affect them.
 W. R. Clark, M. Golder, and S. N. Golder, Key points of Comparative Politics. CQ Press, (Washington D. C, 2009), 21.
 C. A. Drogus, and S. Orvis, Introducing Comparative Politics: Ideas and Situations in Context, CQ Press, (Washington, DC, 2012)
 C. A. Drogus, and S. Orvis, Introducing Comparative Politics: Principles and Situations in Context, CQ Press, (Washington, DC, 2012), 373.
 F. H. O'Neil, Necessities of Comparative Politics, W. W. Norton and Company, (New York, 2010), 2.
F. H. O'Neil, Requirements of Comparative Politics, W. W. Norton and Company, (NY, 2010), 3.
 F. H. O'Neil, Essentials of Comparative Politics, W. W. Norton and Company, (NY, 2010), 7-8.
 F. H. O'Neil, Requirements of Comparative Politics, W. W. Norton and Company, (NY, 2010), 8.
 F. H. O'Neil, Basics of Comparative Politics, W. W. Norton and Company, (New York, 2010), 9.
 Sonali Singh and Christopher Way, The Correlates of Nuclear Proliferation: A Quantitative Test, Dec, 2004, Reached, May 1, 2014,