Posted at 11.02.2018
"The Strange Circumstance of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde" is a story occur 19th century London and revolves around the partnership of the reputable, righteous Dr Jekyll and the violent, detestable Mr Hyde. The book was compiled by Robert Louis Stevenson who was simply raised in an extremely strict spiritual family which acquired a idea that man was either good or bad and could not be in between. The strict upbringing is obvious in the reserve as Stevenson includes a amount of questions on whether Dr Jekyll's work (carrying out experiments to separate his personality) is morally right. Stevenson was raised during the early Victorian times where practally no-one questioned their spiritual beliefs but he was mostly of the exceptions as he regularly questioned religious beliefs as he became more mature. An example of him heading against his religious beliefs can be seen when he married a divorced women. He was educated this was a sin in his upbringing.
There were many factors that altered Stevenson's ideology of notion in his religious beliefs, to starting to question it, this is observed in the book. An example of one factor that changed what Stevenson believed was when Charles Darwin printed "THE FOUNDATION of Species", in 1859. At that time Stevenson was nine years old and many people saw the book as an attack on Christianity since it introduced "THE IDEA of Evolution" which made it impossible to believe that God created the world in a week. Many also thought that science had become dangerous which it was meddling in things which only God should have control over. Stevenson shows this in the storyplot by what Jekyll's experiments do and questions whether it is morally suitable. Another factor that is shown by Stevenson in the book is the natural versus the supernatural. The book alludes to the time of Stevenson's early life where they thought there was a close connect to the increasing sense of turmoil between science and religious beliefs was the idea that humans have a dual characteristics.
In the book Mr Hyde is symbolized as all the evil in Jekyll and everything that is bad and wrong in him. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde are often considered emblem about the nice and evil that is accessible in all men, and about the struggle these two edges in the individuals personality. Hyde has a brief temper and it is even designed to look evil. "I have observed that when I wore the semblance of Edward Hyde, none of them could come near me at first without a obvious misgiving of the flesh". Jekyll is arguing that Hyde is the perfect physical embodiment of the evil inside him, implying that Hyde looks evil. Stevenson also explored which aspect of human being personality is superior, good or evil. Since Hyde appears to be taking over, you may claim that evil is stronger than good. However, Hyde does indeed wrap up dead by the end of the storyplot, suggesting failing of weakness of evil. At things in the book, Mr Hyde's evil is symbolized as much better, "And suddenly he broke out in a great fire of anger, stamping along with his feet, brandishing the cane, and carrying on. . . like a madman". The maid's trust and trust in the goodness of people is unpleasant overturned by Mr Hyde's action of evil. Since Hyde represents the evil in Jekyll he is therefore, symbolically symbolized being much smaller than Jekyll (Jekyll's clothes are far too large for him), and furthermore Hyde is a long time more youthful than Jekyll, recommending that the evil in Jekyll did not actually develop until a long time after he was created. However as the book advances, Hyde's evil grows and eventually becomes more powerful than Jekyll. The reason Hyde eventually expands more powerful than Jekyll is maybe due to the fact that Jekyll vicariously enjoys what Hyde does indeed, which alludes Hyde steadily destroying the nice Jekyll.
The main technique used frequently in the booklet is symbolism. The symbolism is used to heighten the distinction between good and evil. Symbolic used in the novel is light and darkness. The sense of security conveyed by daylight is incorrect. The nocturnal landscaping is of Utterson's problem with its lamplights, shadows, swift activity, that characterises the occasions of suspense. The primary symbols used to the degree are light, shadow, fog and frosty. Light looks as "bulbs, unshaken by any wind", with the full moon, so when the "haggard shaft of daylight". The shadows provoked by these signals make the properties "plunge. . . in darkness", so that everything is "dark like the black-end of evening". Furthermore there is a presence of fog as "a fog rolled over the town in small hours". The fog and other factors conceal the view of inhabitants but also symbolize hiding the individuality of Mr Hyde.
Another sign used is the town. Rather than the story occurring in mere one part of London it is defined in numerous areas, each meant to reflect the type that either moves there or lives there. For instance, Mr Hyde lives in an area referred to as being dark and scary; this may affiliate with Hyde's spirit. Another symbol used is the use of firelights, lighted lamps and light in general to signify Jekyll because they are the opposite to fog because they are safe and have illuminating features. Stevenson also uses the other symbols to represent duality. These include the locked windows and doors, which represent the way Jekyll implements work into trying to put himself away and repress Mr Hyde. The entranceway to the lab is another mark as it is thick and heavy and shows how is repressing Hyde because he does not want to be seen and desires to lock himself away.
In realization I believe Stevenson's take on good and evil in humans is one of duality and that the only duality in humans is not only good and evil but also logical and irrational, reputation and true dynamics etc. "With every day, and from both factors of my cleverness, I thus drew gradually nearer to the truth, by that partial discovery I've doomed to such a dreadful ship wreck: that man is not truly one, but truly two". With this quote Stevenson says that humans have two factors to them, not just one and whether that duality is good and evil or another thing the duality is there and I belief it is this that Stevenson reveals in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.