Posted at 10.06.2018
Both Attard and murder. co. uk expose the situation by expressing that on the 12th of Feb, Denise Bulger took her son, Jamie, to her local shopping centre in Bootle, Liverpool at around 3. 30 p. m. Nine minutes later she realised that her son was not next to her ever again and began to look for him. She visited security, authorities were called at that moment and alongside one another they watched CCTV surveillance cameras of the shopping centre to determine what took place to the young man. Jamie was seen going out of the premises alongside two other young boys and the police thought little from it as no person could have available out the horrific events that adopted so they attempt to seek out him and the two boys. A few days later, some children were participating in next to a train railway and saw what they thought was a doll or something similar. When they got near to the presumed doll, they saw the most haunting image you can visualize ; a toddler's body slice in half. Law enforcement officials were again called at that moment and initial signs showed that the body belonged to Jamie Bulger. After this horrendous find, law enforcement deepened its exploration even using the advertising as a mean to access the bottom of all of it with the children seen associated him in the tape being the leading suspects. A tip arrived in on who the guys might be, and two boys both older 10 ;Jon Venables and Robert Thompson (their personal information was only exposed after the sentencing) were earned for questioning. Both guys were delivered to court and tried with the murder of Jamie Bulger. The trial began in November of 1993, and the horrific occasions of this macabre murder were revealed to shock not only the nation but the complete world. After giving the premises together with Jamie Bulger, Jon Venables and Robert Thompson got him on the 2. 5 mile trip defeating him along the way until they reached the railway. Once there, Jamie was further beaten, thrown stones and car paint at, and possessed his trousers and shoes removed implying perhaps a sexual assault (never proven. )In addition to this, Jamie was struck with an flat iron rod for about 30 times, resulting in his death. Afterwards, the guys put Jamie on the railway totally understanding that a train would come soon to conceal their terrible actions by perhaps implying that Jamie could have walked there by himself, fell, and strike by a coach. This shows the entire wittiness of the guys and they knew exactly what they were up to. Both Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were found guilty and sent to at least 8 years imprisonment in a detention centre.
B)History Of Case
The forensic information presented in Adam Bulger's case became very strong and lead to the kids being found guilty beyond any affordable doubt. Forensic researchers such as Graham Jackson, Andy Mulley and Philip Rydeard managed to conclude that bloodstream on the suspects matched that of the victim's but not just this, Rydeard also were able to show that the footwear characteristics of one of the males was on the victim. Several paint-marks were found both on the victim's and the suspects' clothes. These grades, light-blue in color, established that car paint was used during or prior to the murder. This helped to help expand strengthen the information brought frontward against Jon Venables and Robert Thompson. http://www. crimeandinvestigation. co. uk/crime-files/james-bulger/trial. html
The volume of blows that Adam suffered from the children were so numerous that no forensic scientist was able to determine which blow was the fatal one. http://www. trutv. com/library/crime/notorious_murders/young/bulger/6. html
Videotape recordings of the young boys' interrogations were shown in courtroom as research by the prosecution. A pathologist, Alan Williams, utilised in the event concluded that Wayne Bulger's foreskin have been manipulated with. Thus, this might imply that there was a sexual component in the murder, a concept that was never proven as the evidence was inconclusive. http://www. independent. co. uk/arts-entertainment/reexamining-the-evidence-a-year-ago-this-week-james-bulger-was-murdered-by-two-11yearold-boys-the-crime-shook-the-nation-the-boys-were-tried-convicted-and-locked-away-but-what-do-we-know-about-them-do-we-know-why-they-did-it-after-months-of-research-including-interviews-with-parents-of-both-boys-we-publish-in-two-parts-the-story-that-has-not-been-told-1392400. html This proof was perhaps the weakest presented in court resistant to the young defendants.
In addition to this, the shopping centre's CCTV tapes, the many weapons such as 27 bricks, stones and the 22lb iron fishing rod were all shown in court to further remove all possibilities of the males' innocence. http://www. independent. co. uk/news/uk/james-bulger-suffered-multiple-fractures-pathologist-reveals-twoyearold-had-42-injuries-including-fractured-skull-jonathan-foster-reports-1503297. html
38 witnesses also required the stand all stating that they observed Bulger associated Venables and Thompson on Bulger's fatal voyage to the railway. A woman testified that she even ceased them and would take Bulger to the police train station herself but withdrew from doing so and respected the children with the mission, little knowing what these were up to. http://www. murderuk. com/child_killers_thompson_venables. html
The evidence offered in the case is both strong and unique, the blood on the victim was matched up with this of the think, the color was also identical on both sufferer and the suspects, whilst the shoeprint of one of the suspects was on the victim's body. In addition to this, CCTV cameras enjoyed an integral role in cases like this as they demonstrated the boys leaving the shopping premises whilst other CCTV cams of premises resulting in the railway also demonstrated Bulger being associated with Venables and Thompson. . http://www. murderuk. com/child_killers_thompson_venables. html
After the suspects were brought in for questioning, the police started to think that the engagement of Venables and Thompson in the murder was almost certain, yet that they had to confirm this and the fact that the suspects were both a decade old did not help all of them. Since the boys were under the age of 14, a particular set of questions were asked by the authorities so that they can determine whether the suspects knew right from wrong and this would help destroy the idea of "doli incapax" in court docket. The boys change in their reaction to interrogation, Venables is terrified of the idea of going to jail, Thompson on the other side, will keep his composure and continues to be cool despite totally knowing the consequences. They both begin to slowly give information on the truth with Venables proclaiming that he was at the region but never at the shopping centre, Thompson on the other side gives a vibrant description of Bulger like the clothing Bulger was wearing your day of the murder. The authorities finally observe that Thompson can not conceal his nervousness whenever Bulger is stated until finally he breaks and admits that that they had taken him to the railway. Around the 20th of Feb 1993, after managning to gather enough evidence, the authorities were finally able to impose both Venables and Thompson with the kidnapping and manslaughter of Bulger. http://www. crimeandinvestigation. co. uk/crime-files/james-bulger/trial. html
Despite the actual fact that the inspection was treated logically well given the sensitive age of the suspects, privately I still believe that it might have been managed better. To begin with, I would have earned the witnesses infront of the suspects to see the suspects' reaction to them as well as perhaps have the confession out of them faster. Furthermore, I'd have tried to place the actual fact that the suspects were mere boys aside as much as possible and fought for not simply a confession but perhaps for an explanation as to the reasons they determined the horrific murder. This would have been very useful in court, not merely showing the awareness that the boys had of the type of the criminal offense they committed, but to further build whether these boys were a threat to contemporary society or whether this is just something that happened without any possible explanation. The pressure the police had from both the media and the whole nation certainly did not help them in their research as well as perhaps this is the reason why the police were buying confession as quick as you can. Since the marketing was portraying the suspects as monsters it will need to have been very difficult for the police to sympathize with the suspects as they cannot understand why these boys experienced committed this murder. This might be where my analysis would differ, when i would've befriended the suspects, hard as it could have been, to be able to try to get the reality perhaps by doing what you will with do any kid ; offering them a reward for their co-operation. This, I believe, would have enjoyed a crucial role in getting a confession from the boys.
D) Why it just happened?(Criminological theories)
A variety of criminological ideas could be placed into question in James Bulger's circumstance but perhaps the most controversial you can be applied in this case; Cesare Lombroso's Blessed- Legal theory.
This criminological theory is inarguably the most dangerous one as it gives no logical explanation as the bad guys themselves cannot explain why they commit certain crimes and nobody can recognise these crimininals except for their special characteristics or their strange behaviour corresponding to Lombroso. http://roxbury. net/images/pdfs/ct4ssg. pdf
This theory could be employed in cases like this as the children never offered any real justification to why they committed the crime, which can have been because of the fact that they did not possess any logical explanation which even if not entirely, it backs the Born-Criminal theory.
This notion of being born criminal is also supported by the detectives who completed this circumstance as they may find no other possible justification why children could murder children as well. Alternatively, in the case of Robert Thompson, the criminogenic family he was raised in might have played an important factor in his behavior. His mother and his siblings were all mercilessly beaten by his father Robert Thompson senior who eventually empty his family. After this, his mother considered drinking alcohol and violent behaviour became a behavior if her aswell. This implies that Thompson had not been immune system to violent behaviour, which may subsequently give some perception about his unlawful behaviour. Jon Venables also revealed a rather strange behaviour even if not totally criminal at college after his parents split. He demanded to get everything he wished, and violence was his main leisure. Furthermore, when Jon Venables visited spend a few days with his daddy, he was exposed to some incredibly gruesome videos or pornographic ones that have been certainly not suitable for his early age. Among this videos, "Child's Play 3" covered a horrific murder which was very close in resemblance to the main one he and his good friend Thompson dedicated. http://www. dailymail. co. uk/news/article-1257614/The-police-sure-James-Bulgers-year-old-killers-simply-wicked-But-parents-dock. html
Criminology is the analysis of criminal behaviour however in this case modern culture appeared to deter from seeking to comprehend these young children, rather they liked condemning them blaming everything from violent video games to problems in world such as divorce and robbery amongst other things.
This lead to society acknowledging the notion put forward by then Prime Minister John Major that society should try to understand a little less and rather condemn a little more. http://www. independent. co. uk/news/major-on-crime-condemn-more-understand-less-1474470. html