In "Things BREAK APART, " Chinua Achebe has the theme of marginalization. The concentrate is on the tribe Umuofia in Africa: The arrival of the white man in the second option area of the novel turns the traditional setting in Umuofia into an archetypal colonial situation that uncovers a classic turmoil of cultures. The old, order is upset, and overridden by makes from outside that replace the value system of Umuofia with weird new ideas and ways (Peters, 98).
In the beginning, the novel shows how centered the tribe is upon the assistance and dedication of the members of the tribe, but once the tribe loses these characteristics, then then things break apart: For the Ibo culture, the approaching of English colonization, as well as the culturally anarchy, which it forebodes, is marked by a breakdown in communication (Wasserman, 78). Achebe creates Umuofia as the guts of Things Fall Apart through many techniques. He features actual terms used by the tribe, to show the value of the tribe: author's comprehensive use of the Ibo terminology and vocabulary (Wasserman, 77). Utilizing the terminology of the Ibo culture, the book genuinely succeeds in delivering tribal life from the inside, while patterns of feeling and attitudes of brain look clothed in a unique African imagery, written neither up nor down and the literary approach to the author is obviously simple, but a vibrant thoughts illuminates every webpage. By using many of these elements, Achebe creates a nontraditional marginality that is not seen in many text messages. Marginalization is an essential aspect in "Things BREAK APART. " The reader gets the point of view of the colonized contemporary society. Since Chinua Achebe targets the Ibo culture, he creates a dichotomy within the book. By creating the marginalization that Achebe does indeed, he alters traditional principles of marginalization. This sort of rewriting demonstrates that texts can be discussed other ethnicities too. The dichotomy that Achebe presents is the Ibo culture as getting the power instead of the original dichotomy where in fact the Europeans have all the power. Achebe clearly defines the tribe of Umuofia as an extremely powerful and even feared tribe in Africa. This tribe relied greatly upon tradition and customs, which is where they drew their electricity. As long as the tribe continued to be united, these were very strong, however, that would not last forever. In the beginning, the people of Umuofia seem to get all of the power, until the entrance of the white man. Once the Europeans make their way into Africa, a electric power struggle commences between two ethnicities: When the existence of the white men becomes an established reality, the difference in terms is made available from Obierka, one of the clan elders, as the reason for the white mans violation of Ibo custom. (Wasserman, 77) Unfortunately, this power struggle does not go on too long, because once the Europeans brought religion to Africa, divisions happened within the clan: This religious beliefs, with its emphasis on the individual salvation and love responded to a need deeply thought by certain people in Umuofia, but never openly expressed. "The religious values of the Igbo emphasize the shared benefits of peaceful, harmonious relations. The Igbo always talk to the Oracle before declaring warfare; for they fear punishment of their gods as long as they declare battle without just cause. Their faith also emphasizes the individual's responsibility to the city" (Sparknotes, 2002). Once the Europeans gained some electric power, they had a need to demonstrate the energy they had: First, by way of a mixture of treachery and naked show of power he arrests the six market leaders of folks (Taiwo, 122) "Things BREAK APART" is very unique because only for a short while, Achebe gives capacity to the Ibo culture. The dichotomy that Achebe creates proves that dichotomy will not always indicate Europeans having all the power. In addition, it creates the possibility where non-European societies can become more powerful than European countries. To create the marginality and dichotomy in "Things Fall Apart, " Chinua Achebe depends on hegemony. Achebe uses his experience with the Ibo culture to enlighten readers about African culture: Achebe acquired a consciously educational motive in mind when he had written "Things BREAK APART. " He first wanted to evoke the design of life in a traditional African setting, notably its order, harmony, poetry, and beauty for the advantage of the younger era. To make the picture target in the book, he amounts this portrait with accounts that reveal shortcomings in the culture. "Achebe reveals the faults of the culture, whereas in traditional text messages the European ethnicities are shown to be perfect. Not merely does Achebe rely on words from the Ibo culture, he comes with many other cultural aspects" (Eldred, 1970).
Along with its riches of proverbial materials, "Things BREAK APART" also contains "the partnership between the analysis of African languages and African folk life" (Eldred, 1970). Through the use of hegemony, Achebe allows the reader to see colonization from the point of view of the folks colonized. The Europeans who presumed that colonization is good for everyone, but "Things BREAK APART" shows that not everyone, especially the Ibo culture, did not want to be colonized. It is important to note that Achebe does not try to make the Ibo culture seem to be perfect, but instead he shows the weaknesses of the culture as well as its advantages. By doing this, Achebe is displaying that no culture is ideal; however, it does not mean that this is a bad culture. By relying on hegemony, Achebe's audience might be able to identify with a few of the ideals and traditions of the Ibo culture, and show that the Ibo culture is nearly the same as every other culture. This simple truth is very important because if the audience can identify with the subject, then the work will be significant. Achebe is successful in sketching the audience into the Ibo culture that's not that different from their own. This use of hegemony by Achebe is very different from the typical hegemony. Hegemony contains Western european and American ideals; Achebe uses the ideals and customs of any African tribe. By doing this, he is supplying the African tribe, as well as all Africans, power. This electric power is not often seen outside of the white man hands. The technique that Achebe uses hegemony is amazing for this gives the world a glance as to what the Ibo culture is truly about.
One can see right now the thoughts of several contemporary critics of the late 1950's, confronted with a book such as "Things Fall apart, " when experiencing more than a little difficulty in taking the price of a tale discussed the trials and tribulations of a group of African tribesmen and women. Marginality, dichotomy, and hegemony are all very important concepts used; Chinua Achebe creates nontraditional shows of these three concepts in his book "Things Fall Apart. " Achebe is able to take the traditional concepts and re-work them therefore the Europeans aren't the most crucial people in the book. The Ibo culture has electricity, importance, and their own culture at least for a time in "Things Fall Apart. " Because the Ibo culture is presenting ability, even if is merely for a time, then your Europeans don't have the energy. Achebe creates unconventional uses of traditional principles showing that the Western european culture is not the only person on the globe, and also to show that not everyone needs to participate the Western european culture, even if that is exactly what the Europeans think is best for them.