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The Theory Of Planned Behaviour

Anorexia is an eating disorder in which a person has concern with getting weight and decides to go on an extreme diet by limiting their food intake. Anorexia is often linked with weight and diet. Individuals who have anorexia are quite simply obsessed with being thin. They deem that they are fat eventhough these are underweight. People experiencing anorexia are always worried about the calorie consumption they take in and amount of fat that are in their food. They tend to create a very strict eating agenda or even exercise compulsively to burn off the calorie consumption from the meals they consumed. As a result, they become slim, and sickly looking, just to get a slimmed body.

Other factors may include hurtful remarks created by family or friends, which make a difference their self esteem causing these to feel helpless and intensely stressed out to the degree that they induce themselves never to eating hoping that they can reach the prospects of their sociable surrounding. The effect of media which often portrays superstars to be slim is looked upon and may also be the key cause that drives a person to be anorexic. Anorexia can result in serious health issues like hunger, dehydration, infections, center failure and finally caused fatality.

In Singapore, out of the final number of residents living here, it states that 13. 4% of aged between 15 to 24 are definitely more susceptible to this disorder. In addition, a source claims that 20% of folks who suffer from anorexia will prematurely die from complications relating to their eating disorder.

Definition and Software of Theory of Planned Behaviour

Theory of Planned Behaviours (TPB) is a theory which helps us to understand the relationship between behavior and behavioral intentions. It explains how a person's action is managed by behavioral motives. Behavioural intentions are made up three components. It is made up of a person's frame of mind towards the behavior, the subjective norm that impacts the performance of the patterns, and lastly how the individual perceive that they are able to perform the behavior without difficulty.

Attitude towards behavior referred to as the way the individual's feels about carrying out a behavior. It could be either maintain positivity or negative emotions. It can be determined through the analysis of one's values regarding the implications and final results that will arise from the action that they have carried out. For instance, if one has a good attitude, they often have an optimistic view and believe they can perform a positive end result from that behavior. It is more likely that that person will perform the habit. Likewise, if a person is always pessimistic and always feels they are unable to perform that particular habit, high chances that the person will not perform that behavior.

Subjective norm, on the other palm, refers to the strain and pressure received by the individual from people, such as their family or friends, on whether a particular behavior should be performed and how much that individual is ready to comply with the wish of others to carry out that behavior.

Lastly, identified behavioral control identifies the person's notion and self confidence to whether they have the ability to carry out a particular habit by convincing themselves, or by associated with past behavior to deal or handle the situation well.

For example, for the truth of anorexia, individuals tend to consider themselves as extra fat, especially when they have a look at their reflection in the mirror (Frame of mind). People used to tease me declaring that I looked like a couched potato, which I was excessive fat, even though I used to be only 40kg (Subjective Norms). Because of this, I would skip breakfast and dinner, and only eat a spoonful of rice for lunchtime, hoping that it could last me the whole day. In this manner, I was able to lose weight faster (Perceived Behavioral Control).

In such situations, people tend to follow what others say of these which indirectly encourages them to lose weight it doesn't matter how thin they could already be. This causes a gradual reduction in desire for food, and the damaged person ends up starving themselves. Eventually, led to anorexia.

Limitations of Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)

However, though TPB may be used to change a person's behavior, you may still find some limitations such that some individuals are not able to engage in this behavioral change. Various other reasons are that they do not have a good attitude, they don't know if what they are doing is right or incorrect and they're uncertain that attitude will gain them. Thus, they refuse to perform the behavior. Second of all, these individuals lack encouragement from their loved ones. Because of this, they don't have the desire to change. Usually, a negative thoughts and opinions by others will motivate a person to perform a particular action. Lastly, they haven't any confidence in accomplishing that particular behavior. They are afraid that they are unable to meet the expectations of others and also to handle the consequences of the action that they performed. Hence, this results in the lack of motivation to change their manners.

High Risk Sets of Behavioural Modification

One of the risky groups who have problems with anorexia is female teenagers. Based on what I've mentioned in the first paragraph, due to peer pressure, teenagers often compare themselves using their peers in a way that they would compete to be the thinnest on the list of group. Some would even compare themselves with stars and supermodels in advertisements or even magazine which causes them to suffer from low self-confidence. Because of the increasing pressure for woman to be slim, it is among the most "in-thing" for the majority of the teenagers. As a result, they often feel fats or unsightly easily, and then decide to starve themselves, leading to them to be anorexic so that they could fit in and become accepted by their peers.

Another factor that triggers you to definitely have anorexic is when they have got just undergone a major transition in real life ending of marriage or even death of their loved ones. A person may believe that they haven't any control over the things that are taking place in their life creating major setbacks like mental distress which triggered them to feel extremely depress. As a result, they won't eat as they have no appetite thereby result in a person to be anorexic.

Measures to encourage behavioural change in healthcare setting

In my opinion, I think that healthcare experts can encourage behavioural change in anorexic patient by educating the individual about the importance of having a proper and balanced food. They can provide counseling to these teens and advise them to list the likes and dislikes about their body. Through this, a medical practitioner can help them to find choice ways to cope with their problems.

A healthcare practitioner could also ask their customer to look at their reflection in the mirror and then remind them consistently about all the positive things that they have so that they could concentrate on the things that are admirable. By giving them positive remarks or praises about their body, can prevent them from thinking about the negativity, thus making them feel good about themselves.

Another way is showing them pictures of anorexic victims, and ask questions to make them reflect about their diet plan and also to think deeply if they would like to wrap up like the anorexia sufferers in the pictures. This assists them to obtain a grasp on the reality of what normal people look. It will also have the ability to help people regain back their self confidence, self esteem also to maintain positivity about their body.


In conclusion, anorexia does not only affect the body. It could also affect someone's social life. When a person decides to be anorexic, they have a tendency to decrease their food intake, and overtime, decide not to eat whatsoever. Eventually, they lose more excess weight than intended due to the need to look lean and perfect. Hence, it ends up with them becoming anorexic.

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