Posted at 11.03.2018
Writing is no ordinary assignment and it requires someone to have inclusive skills to construct a superior quality of work. The mechanism of writing comprises the grammar, sentence structure and also, the organization of the writing. However, these skills are intimidating the students' performances in their writing activity as most of them, do not connect the idea they have discovered in their writing.
As students attain their tertiary level of education, they can be requires to generate further written materials such essays, reports, commentaries etc. . These requirements also must maintain English words as English words is the center words for communication and guide the students to get used to using the English terms at their workplace.
To be precise, the native sound system of Malay language are the mainly significant group that imply the talked about predicament. According with their essays, most of them are inclined to produce mistake in sentence structure and explicitly, subject-verb contract. These essays are compiled using their company semester exam and a report is conducted. From the analysis, it has been discovered that the students have a major fault with the consumption of subject-verb arrangement.
The result for this analysis is not fundamentally for the sake of the error itself, but, a design for students' understandings and better educating methods. Eventually, this will also help in enhancing the British language between the students.
1. 0 INTRODUCTION
The issue about subject-verb arrangement is chosen due to its value in writings. Without a proper guidelines of subject-verb contract, the ideas in writing in difficult to mention and thus, aggravate the value of writing itself. Any problems regarding the subject-verb contract will definitely change this is of the sentence. Moreover, the study one of the tertiary level students is interesting, because, though they may have achieved to an increased education, most of them still, could not apply the right rules of the grammar. This main issue will be discussed further in this research.
In addition, most students are complaining about the mistakes they make in writings, mainly subject-verb agreement. The simple definition of the subject verb agreement is as simple as a topic agreeing with a verb. If the singular subject is used, the singular verb is obligatory and same complements the plural subject matter that is plural verb respectively. This simple guideline of sentence structure makes the flaws produced by the students obviously visible.
During the analysis of the students' writings, they makes mistakes in general rules and the sub rule in subject-verb contract. Moreover, upon looking of the students' problems, this research also includes the remedial activities that require to be contacted to the students to be able to increase the problems of the students in using the correct subject-verb arrangement in their writings.
1. 1 THE Framework OF THE STUDY
The review was conducted on Season 2 students in MARA College of Banting whom are taking International Baccalaureate Diploma programme for 2009 / 2011 batch time. Despite the fact that, the Malaysian education system declared that English as another Language (ESL), almost all of the topics use English terms as their medium of communication.
Primarily, the range of the study is focused on the grammatical mistake produced by the students in their writings predicated on the students' exam papers. Eventually, the analysis is narrowed to more specific type of grammatical error that is the subject-verb agreement due to its frequency of error is the highest.
1. 2 STATEMENT FROM THE PROBLEM
The problem arose when there have been complaints from instructors about the students' British performance English Semester Two exam paper. The professors were commenting on about the students' English essays. But the students possessed achieved good results, namely in British 1119 in Malaysia Education Certificate which is recognized as Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), the students are still producing some grammatical errors in their essays.
Therefore, the study is carried out to study the situation of the students in their English essays and the most significant error they had produced. To be able to arrive to the conclusion of this analysis, error analysis is used as an indicator to enable the significant mistake to be diagnosed.
1. 3 Goals WITH THE STUDY
Based on the declaration of the issue, the study is targeted on the students' most frequent grammatical mistakes in their writing development. It is observed that the written development was analyzed based on their English article in Semester Two assessment paper.
The objectives of this study are:
To investigate the most significant grammatical error made by the students in the British essays.
To identify the reasons for the problem occurrence.
To find method for improve the mistake in writing among students.
1. 4 RESEARCH QUESTION
The research question of this study is associated with three important aspects: writing, mistake analysis and grammar that'll be narrowed right down to subject-verb agreement as the most significant mistake. Therefore, the research question is made predicated on these three main components.
Moreover, the research subject is chosen originally of personal interest. I've become concerned about the grievances from the British teachers about the students' grammar. Therefore, this research issue of subject-verb contract will be reviewed thoroughly.
1. 5 SIGNIFICANCES OF THE STUDY
The need for the research the following:
To help the students to identify their significant grammatical problem in writing the English article and helping them to overcome the imperfections in writing British.
To help the students to make a quality English essays in the future.
To help the professors, explicitly in English Department by aiding them to make a suitable construction for the students in the teaching methods.
1. 6 Opportunity ON THE STUDY
The range of the analysis will be centralized on the subject-verb arrangement errors on paper of the students in MARA University of Banting of 2009 / 2011 batch treatment. These students symbolize the tertiary level students and their grammar usage of subject-verb contract.
2. 0 WRITING AS AN IMPORTANT SKILL
Essay writing (Koch) is conducted to the students in order to affix diverse fundamentals of course and lengthen the insightful by heading beyond what is informed in the category. Furthermore, writing an essay is actually a creation of sovereignty to mention viewpoints by the students or the writer themselves. They need to work in the constraints and, appropriately, they should have an apt familiarity on how to provide and speak their ideas in understandable and useful performance.
2. 1 Substance OF Sentence structure IN WRITING
"Grammar is the reasoning of speech, even while logic is the grammar of reason. "
Richard C. Trench
According to Richard C. Trench, the use of grammar is vital in depicting the value of the words and the common sense into the ideas. The use of grammar also shows the author's writing skill and it will give the reader a sign of the content in the written development will end up like. On total, the reasoning of language is dependent completely on its grammar usage. Furthermore, the grammatical mistake can provide a reader a negative impression of the author's capabilities. The higher amount of grammar utilization in British produces more quality of works. Though nobody's grammar is perfect, sentence structure teaches an author to control the vocabulary they are using. If the grammar is strictly controlled with firm and strong basic knowledge, a good work of essay will be produced.
2. 3 SUBJECT-VERB Contract AS IMPORTANT TOOL
As writing required strong and strong sentences to build understanding in the article, the basic of grammar, basically, subject needs to agree with the verb. If the author does not apply the tool on paper, they can make reading more challenging as well as to express the ideas. Ditto that is overlooked, the common problem is that of inappropriate use of the subject and verb arrangement. Verb is the most crucial part of a sentence. These two parts are correlated as the topic is the key matter of the sentence; it needs to be matched with verb. For example,
Julia and Megan will the cinema today.
Mother would like to cook chicken breast soup for me.
These two good examples follow the guidelines of subject-verb agreement. Julia and Megan is the plural subject matter, and the verb used is 'are'. As the second sentence comes after the same guideline, mother is the singular subject and 'wants' as its verb. Henceforth, creators and writer need to understand this rule in order to write effectively and present their message plainly.
This topic is also arranged by Surina Nayan (August, 2009) in her research on A Study of Subject-Verb Agreement: From Amateur Writer to Expert Writers. In her research, the students have problems in subject-verb contract because, in their L1 which is Malay terminology, they don't have such rules of subject needs to agree with verb. Over time, mother tongue of the college student affects the performance of British grammar.
2. 4 THE IMPORTANCE OF ERROR ANALYSIS
However, even after an approximate 11 years of formal British education in school, most the students tend to produce most subject-verb arrangement problem in their writing. Mistake on paper happens when there's a change in the language. After researching the students' writings, and acquiring complaints from professors, it's important to perform an analysis about the error made by the students. In academics context, error examination will help the student to boost their shortage in grammatical usage efficiently. The account to problem type and a knowledge of the misuse of specific grammar rules proposes teachers a means of assisting students to deal with language and consumption problems (Ho, 2003). Then, the students can attain their treatment through the research.
3. 0 INTRODUCTION
In this section, the types of procedures of collecting the data are disclosed. It includes the methods that are related to the evaluation of the data.
3. 1 Subject matter IN THE STUDY
This study included a random sampling of 45 students among the next calendar year students in MARA College of Banting. The students in the college or university are obtaining the scholarship to review overseas. Overall, the students have education background using their company previous successes. These students were chosen at random from the Drugs, Biotechnology and Executive streams.
3. 2 Treatment OF RESEARCH
In order to get the students significant problem in their writings, 45 students' essays were examined. The essays were established off their Semester 2 examination. All of the students are taking British B MORE IMPRESSIVE RANGE for his or her International Baccalaureate final examinations in May 2011. The evaluation scripts were marked by the educators also has included the teacher's comments on the students' problems.
Apart from that, two different units of questionnaires were also distributed to the students and professors in continuance of the view from them about the writing movements by providing the quantitative data. The questionnaires are place to create the awareness to the students and also their reactions in the particular study. The educators were also given the questionnaire to provide a clearer sign in this problem of writing among the students prior with their experiences in teaching English vocabulary.
3. 3 METHODOLOGY
To begin with, the students chosen were asked because of their Semester 2 evaluation paper, especially their English writing in Newspaper 2. After compiling all the paper from the students, the paperwork were then examined and identified for the mistakes done by the students. The feedbacks and feedback from the teacher's notes were saved as well. It uses that, after, the analysis of the students' paper is done, and every significant mistake made by the students is confirmed.
With the reference point from the professors marking scheme, this research has been place into few guidelines to ease to the targeted topic research this is the grammatical problem specifically in writing . The design is used as a guide to assemble the error made by the students. The marking scheme of the writing article is obtained from the educator (Refer Appendix 1).
Besides, in this analysis of the written development by the students, the three major components that are taken into account in order to justify the most significant mistake in the students' article are:
a. Grammatical error
d. Paragraph structure
In the wider quality of the writing production of the students, the id of the grammatical problem in their writing productions is focused. The grammatical mistakes are labeled into: noun stopping, articles, verb tenses, verb forms and subject-verb arrangement. These findings are observed and, the results are recorded.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
4. 0 INTRODUCTION
In this section, the main idea that will be centered on is about producing the info collection from 49 of the students' essay writings. The results of the data are created relatively to the aim of the research.
What is the most significant grammatical error composed by the students in their English essays?
Why the students are tend to produce the mistake?
4. 1 RESULTS FROM THE DATA
Based on the goals of this exploration, after 45 essays are supervised, the mistakes are classified on the grammar mistakes, vocabulary, spelling and also, their paragraph structure. However, looking at deeper understanding of the writing skills one of the students, the precise error that is principally concentrated is their grammatical mistakes. This is credited to students produced their original writing of ideas throughout their examinations with no any references. Concerning that, it is better to identify the factors that are affecting them.
In order to find the common mistakes produced by the students, 10 questionnaires (Refer Appendix 2) have been allocated among the English language teachers concerning response to the objective of this inspection. This survey had been allocated to the instructors in the month of Sept 2010. The pub chart shows the number of tutor and their replies.
The graph shows the amount of English vocabulary in MARA University of Banting educators and their feedbacks on the students' writing skill in their semester 2 examinations paper.
Based on the pub chart, the most important aspect is that the usage of the sentence structure. It really is responded by majority of six educators. Then, it is accompanied by four instructors who voted as reasonable. However, by the regularity of good, very good and excellent, there are no votes for grammatical problem. The other aspect for vocabulary is voted by two teachers to be an unsatisfactory level. But, it more teachers voting's business lead to reasonable and the highest five votes from professors are accumulated in good quality. This demonstrates the teachers have found out the majority of the students' defects in their writings are grammatical mistake.
Therefore, after accumulating the votes from the instructor as the sophisticated users, 45 questionnaires were also sent out to the students (Refer Appendix 3). This identifies question number 19, asking on the students' personal thoughts and opinions about their grammar performances.
"I'm not certain whether my British grammar is issues for my writing"
"My English grammar problems are exceedingly severe and spoil my writing"
"Though I have no idea much regarding British grammar, it's not a significant problem for me"
"English grammar is not actually a serious subject matter for me. Other writing issues are definitely more vital. "
Table Percentage of the students' declaration in grammar.
The Desk 1 above shows the assertions chosen by the 45 chosen students, the amount of the student's reactions and their ratio in each statement.
Based on the statements made by 45 students in this analysis, the highest percentage of 35. 56 percent out of the 45 students explained that they are not really sure whether their English grammar is a challenge for them. It really is accompanied by 26. 66 percent of the students explained that their English grammar problems are incredibly serious and injured their writing. The 3rd highest ratio is 22. 22 percent that the students thinks that though they don't really know much about English grammar, they believe that it is not a serious problem for these people. Subsequently, the lowest percentage is merely 15. 56 percent that mentioned by seven students. They said that the English grammar is not a serious issue for the coffee lover; however, they think that there are other important issue that damage their writing production.
From the surveyed, predominantly, most of the students remain unaware of their grammar mistake especially in writing.
4. 2 GRAMMATICAL ERRORS
Throughout the studies of the students' problem in their writing development, it is obviously shown that sentence structure error is the key flaws that harmed their writing performance. Looking further into this review, their writing scripts were also analysed predicated on the sort of grammar faults that they have a tendency to repeat. In regards to to that, the grammar mistakes made by the students are classified to: noun concluding, articles, verb tenses, verb varieties and subject-verb arrangement.
The students' writing scripts were analyzed for their mistake. Their marked writing scripts done by the educators have eased the calculation of the students' problems. The first step of this computation is each of every error in the scripts is determined and accumulated. From then on each of the sort of mistake is counted after the whole problem. The percentage of the kind of mistake done by the students cum the respondents of MARA College Banting is shown in the bar chart in Body 2.
The Graph 2 shows the ratio of the sort of error done by the students in MARA College or university of Banting in their writing development in Semester 2 examinations.
According to the Graph 2, the highest error produced by the students is subject-verb agreement which recorded to be 51. 78 percent. Then, it is followed by noun concluding with only 17. 42 percent. The club chart lessens to 12. 14 percent as article problem. Eventually, verb tense and verb form are just in a little percentage of 9. 66 percent and 9 percent respectively.
However, addititionally there is small portion of error produced by the students in the phrasal construction as well as their word choices.
4. 3 Discourse FOR FINDINGS
In this section, the discussion is extent to the respond of the question partly 4. 0:
b) Why the students are tend to produce the problem?
4. 3. 1 SINGULAR AND PLURAL (SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT)
As seen in the bar graph in Number 2, the highest percentage of type of error made by the students is subject-verb arrangement which registered as 51. 78 percent. The ratio is more than 50 percent therefore; it's rather a significant error by the students in
their writing productions.
To the amount of the highest percentage of subject-verb contract in the students' writing development, there are some of examples of the consumption if the subject-verb arrangement error from the students.
By discussing table 2, there are some of the problem in the sentences made by the KMB students in their essays.
Everybody are sense so worked up about the school trip this weekend.
Everybody is sense so excited about the Sports activities Carnival this weekend.
Therefore, it show that the majority of the students are drawn to study abroad
Therefore, it implies that the majority of the students are drawn to study in another country.
She is the secretary who write the statement for the appointment.
She is the secretary who writes the survey for the assembly.
Five years will be the minimum duration to review medicine.
Five years is the minimum duration to review medicine.
Neither Sarah nor Jasmine are going to the park with me.
Neither Sarah nor Jasmine will the park beside me.
Only few was there to view the show.
Only few were there to view the show.
The quantity of working women, who's earning higher than men, is increasing recently.
The level of working women, who are earning greater than men, is increasing recently.
They do not realize how important the consumption of technology are. . .
They don't realize how important the consumption of technology is. .
Table 2 Error produced by the students in the essays.
Based on the Table 2e, from the good examples (1) to (8), it could be observed that almost all of the students came across the problem in subject verb agreement. These errors will be further talked about to identify rules in subject-verb contract and giving the rules to correct them.
The words each, each one, either, neither, everyone, everybody, anybody, anyone, no person, a person, someone, and nobody are singular and require a singular verb. (Chris Berry)
*Everybody are feeling so worked up about the class trip this weekend.
Correct word: Everybody is. . . .
* Neither Sarah nor Jasmine are going to the park beside me.
Correct phrase: Neither Sarah nor Jasmine is. . . .
Nouns such as civics, mathematics, us dollars, measles, and news require singular verbs. (Chris Berry)
* Five years will be the minimum duration to review medicine.
Correct phrase: Five years is. . . .
According to the mistake produced by the students, it can be stated that the students have significantly more propensity to make error in the common rules of the subject verb agreement. This may be due to avoiding themselves to utilize the sub-rule of the topic verb agreement. Based on the error produced by the students are chiefly completed under the overall rule of the subject verb arrangement.
Apart from that, it is due to interference of the Malay terminology that does not have any specific guideline in the usage of singular or plural form of subject matter verb contract. Besides, the students have a tendency to construct the word structures upon their Malay words experience that create faulty in their essays. Again, it is figured the mother tongue of the students, mainly Malay vocabulary inhibit the development of the English terminology of the students.
In addition to the discussion, these subject and verb are the two main mechanisms in producing accurate and complete sentence in English essays, so, as to this, the students have to be alert of the importance of the topic verb agreement use. Therefore, the students have to be recognizable with this platform of the study. The students should be conceded that every subject verb agreement rules are essential in writing English essays, in order that they have variations in saying of words, function and enrollment used to explicate. Because of this, the effort of writing of the students could be more eminence and agreeable to be read.
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5. 0 INTRODUCTION
In this chapter 5, we will be discussing about the entire of the final outcome and the suggestion of this analysis.
5. 1 CONCLUSION
Ultimately, after looking after the students' assessment scripts because of their writing production, it can be concluded that the the majority of the students have a tendency to produce most error in their subject-verb arrangement. Apparently the final outcome is also, based on the questionnaires that had been distributed one of the students and the teachers as well. The significant research shows that, the study question is without a doubt true.
The major reason the students were producing problem in subject-verb arrangement is because; they do not own an inmost understanding of this rules in grammar part. Most of the students were uncertain about the verb and the topic in writing their essays.
However, we can also state that, they are really learning English because it is one of the compulsory components that the students need to accomplish in the education system in Malaysia as ESL. In addition, almost all of the students here are using Malay terminology in daily dialogue. In fact, in Malay dialect, the dialect system does not have specific guidelines of the plural and singular as with English sentence structure, especially in context of subject-verb contract. When the students were asked, about the sort of language they are using as thinking to write an essay, the majority of the students apply Malay language and striving to convert their phrases in English. This could be one of why the errors in subject-verb contract among students are apparent and inhibit the sentence structure development among the students as the students count highly upon the Malay language.
Furthermore, based on the review from the questionnaires, the students are lack of practice on their writing skills because, they said, it needs time to focus on one essay. Eventually, the students are also, have lack on the general knowledge and surveys demonstrated that only 9 out of 49 students will spend their time reading non-academic literature. Big portions of 80 percent of the students do not practice the reading culture. This may lead to the incorrect building of good phrases and a proper flow of ideas in their article.
Their lack of knowledge on the machine of the vocabulary and unsatisfactory terminology that the students acquired reflected to a certain extent the comportment these were informed, the learners' methodology and their learning strategies in the whole learning development. Regardless of whether these would mean that there is a need to execute a further study, the subsequent ideas on how lots of students would like their English class to be taught, give the instructors diverse notion on the outlook on the road to learning English in MARA College of Banting.
5. 2 RECOMMENDATION
This section is situated from the vote in the questionnaire form that is sent out to the students in order to enhance their consumption and understanding in subject-verb agreement.
Students should have their own system to possess further knowledge in the British language. This may be done through wide-ranging reading British text materials such as literature, newspapers and etc. The action is then can be used to the real goal, verbal or written. This technique is voted to enhance the skill of the students in English language.
The learning process of grammar should be trained constantly although students have previously reached their college or university levels. They should have a solid knowledge in grammar rules to ensure that the students can fill out an application in their essays.
The students should be susceptible to more English programme such as an English workshop to provide more familiar reference to the language. This sort of programme would benefit on the evaluation to the students.
5. 3 RECOMMENDATION FOR FUTURE STUDIES
To classify the targeted group of the analysis into "weak" and "good" students with their record family information.
To review and analyzed the coaching process and the techniques used by the lecturers or the professor to deal with the students in British language.
Giving more exercises to the students predicated on the conditions needed and record the marks to compare them.