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The risk management circuit and its own importance


Physical problems have been a feature of life because the beginning of History. In the original days of Human history there a wide range of natural dangers such as earthquakes, weather, and other living organisms diseases. As more recently we see a drastic change in increasing technology risks and they have also become manmade- flame, explosions, chemical substance spills, drugs, pollution etc.

It was one of the doom's day in the annals of India when on December 3, 1984, MIC (methyl isocyanate) gas leaked from the UCIL(Union Carbide India Limited) flower in Bhopal, Madhaya Pradesh, India. According to the figures provided by state of Madhya Pradesh, around 3, 800 people passed away and a large volume of other folks experienced long term or partial disabilities. Shortly after the gas release, UCIL launched a serious effort to get the reason. In the original exploration of UCIL experts disclosed that a huge volume of drinking water had actually been released in to the methyl isocyanate container which caused a chemical reaction that enforced the chemical type release valve to start and allowed the MIC gas to leak. All of the experts, sent to Bhopal by Indian federal government, conducted their own research and concluded the same. Arthur D Little of engineering talking to firm launched an independent investigation and found that water could just have been purposely released in to the MIC reservoir, since all basic safety systems were operational and positioned at the vegetable that could have stopped drinking water from joining the MIC container by accident.

Later in this project we will look forward to the Risk management routine and also some strategies put in relationship with the corporate risk management.

Risk Management

It can be an approach to lessening any company's contact with risk. It really is a system which include a large quantity of policies, types of procedures and procedures which workplace in framework to classify. Along with corporate and business information's we introduce risk management information's. Risk management -information's such as feasibility. If we are able to transfer risk to some other party or creating some efforts to reduce the risk or avoiding the risk are considered as the chance management strategies.

Generally, risk management identifies and analysis the challenge of an organisation and put forwards the steps to lessen or get rid of the loss of company. This thing is manufactured be possible by using practice risk management. Insurance, security system unit installation, to keep up cash reserves will be the types of risk management techniques. In business there are mainly two types of dangers possible predictable and unpredictable. For a tiny business theft, fireplace, flood, personal injury or disability are the things which can causes a large harm to business. This injury may maintain the form of financial hardship -reduce of income or bankrupt. These small companies don't have risk professionals so responsibility of risk management in these companies falls on the dog owner. Instead large companies have their risk manager who identify the near future risk and perform the task to protect the company from such possibility.

Background Study

It was one of saddest day in the history when leakage of MIC gas triggers the fatality of thousands of individuals on December 3, 1984 in a vegetable of UCIL at Bhopal, India. it could be considered as the world's worst commercial and environment disaster ever. one can understand its dangerous face that even following the 26 years of the accident there appears to be no end of woe of patients. To be able to know the reality of this incident we go through the T perspective on the incident. The T point of view was made by the information's provided by the technical records of risk analysts, safeness specialists and UCIL engineers.

According to T perspective there were lots of casual factors which include Human error most importantly. For cases cast iron pipes were found in place of specified stainless pipes; the entry of this inflatable water into the fish tank couldn't be recognized and the largest loose point was failing to move information of gas leakage to near surroundings even after of three hours.

Chiefly the tragedy caused because of this of accidental chemical substance reaction which took place in the vegetable of UCLI at Bhopal. in the midnight when whole of the location was sleeping, leakage of MIC gas began and soon this poisonous gas propagate into the city which converted almost complete of the city into a deathly gas chamber.

It took quite a while for federal government as well as folks of Bhopal to recuperate from the consequences of the tragedy. All of the duties to help the subjects of Bhopal gas tragedy were performed by chief minister office. The federal government of Madhya Pradesh created a team of Bhopal gas tragedy comfort and treatment in the entire year of 1985.

A large numbers of non-government organizations emerged up to support the victims. With the help of these organizations, authorities successfully turn out from such a difficult situation.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy is remembered among the ugliest and most severe industrial disasters which have ever occurred in human history.

Risk management Cycle

Source: Ayling, 2009

Risk management cycle

The risk management pattern shows that the way the possible risk can be reduced. In case there is industrial devastation like Bhopal gas tragedy the chance could be identified and further actions are determined so that such types of disaster cannot happen in future. Although the chance of natural hazards cannot be stagnated completely but we can guard in order to reduce them and try to reduce the impact. As a matter of fact the alleviation is an integral part of broad element brings about sustainable trends while commencing on different communities and other social networks.

Risk Identification

To identify the chance is first rung on the ladder in the chance management cycle. This cycle seeks to identify what can go wrong and what might be reasons that may cause incorrect. In simple words we say that risk identification will be the instructions that needs to be used to avoid any miss going on. Matching to Harrington, 2004. Risk id includes the liability risks, resource hazards, assets risks and earning hazards.

All the experts concludes If risk would had been measured properly in case there is Bhopal gas tragedy than such a huge dangerous devastation would had not taken place.


After risk recognition stage the dimension is second level of risk management routine. Corresponding to Harrington, 2004. risk measuring experts should supply the information's loss syndication probability. The method which measures possibility of circulation is also expected to notify. These measurements help risk measuring experts to conclude the benefits and cost of damage control.

According to Williams, et al 1998 there are two types of methods for risk measurement. These are qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative risk verifies the possible risk which a business might face. Quantitative strategy calculates accurate probability of mistakes and its own harshness. Both of these techniques can be related to the Devastation made by the Bhopal Gas tragedy


Analysis of risk is the third important stage of this routine. in this stage there are four things we should be kept in mind to analysis the risk. They are risk can be averted, retained, controlled or transferred. (Crook frod 1991).

In circumstance of Bhopal gas tragedy the risk could be avoided if risk professionals at UCIL would have taken proper steps before.

In order to lessen the chance experts should possessed a very enthusiastic eyesight at the vegetable. To reduce chance state of Madhya Pradesh should experienced taken proper investigatory steps.

Transferring the risk means State government transferred risk by giving tasks to different non-government organizations and other departments of federal government. In order to deal up with the aftermath of the tragedy rehabilitation was made by the Bhopal authorities to ascertain different tasks. Proper administrations are presented formulating a medical region for the victims of the tragedy. There are lots of voluntary agencies subscribing to hands providing reliefs. Some amendments have made under the factories become the top level of the management will be legitimately responsible for medical and medical security of the personnel at a particular workplace.


Decision making is fourth stage of risk management routine. Investigations show that this complete incident was triggered by the access of water to the MIC reservoir through a hose pipe connected to the container directly. During the mid-night when MIC operator came to learn that there was some problem in the container. They ran to the reservoir and found that water hose linked to the fish tank. Immediately they called supervisor and tried out to find out some choice. They decided to transfer one lot of the tanks content to other device which was only possible way to get out drinking water from the reservoir at this time.


Risk implementation is the fifth level of the chance management cycle. It's important to stress the restrictions of the available strategies, as well as put into practice risk analysis to be able to achieve the target of plan Hertz, 1993. For example proper training and development techniques are launched towards the chemical substance process security by the Indian specialists helps undertaking most advanced technology so, they are designed for the preventive actions and stagnates the chance of chemical mishaps after focusing on such techniques.


Monitoring is the 6th important stage of risk management circuit. As different experts have shown that the Bhopal gas disaster was caused due to insufficient attention or in in simple words it could have been prevented if proper steps have been taken by UCIL staff. Just after this dangerous devastation, state government got the rapid actions to over-come the condition. Union government of India immediately stood with state and declared to aid in every possible respect. A lot of non-government organizations came forward to support victims of the disaster. Their activity made the state to monitor all the comfort works easy.

The administration of Madhya Pradesh created a department of Bhopal gas tragedy relief and rehabilitation in the entire year of 1985.

One of the main steps towards monitoring following this disaster state government of Madhya Pradesh has declared 750 million rupees payment for the 5. 25 lakh victims of the devastation. PTI, 2010

Risk management strategy

Risk management strategy means all the functions and activities which aim to identify the objective of any government or organization to accomplish their goals that are associated with their strategic plans. Effects is seen even after of 26 years of the disaster. Matching to an extremely recent help of state of Madhya Pradesh more than 5. 25 lakhs people have become the sufferer of this devastation till date. PTI, 2010 Administration of Madhya Pradesh has setup a group of ministers from the state government to look into the subject of Bhopal gas tragedy and enact all the primary conditions that are almost buried during that span of energy. Administration of Madhya Pradesh has come out with a proper organised composition which seeks to help victims of Bhopal gas tragedy. Present key minister of Madhya Pradesh and Bhopal gas tragedy comfort and treatment minister of his administration have announced a comfort of 750 million rupees help for the victims of this dangerous disaster. Implementation of all the strategies is one of the most crucial aspects so for this function government involved a group of government ministers to provide for all the actions carrying out. Government of Madhya Pradesh has setup a large variety of schools and college or university for the victims of the disaster. To make sure that the right person is getting close, Federal has asked to show any proof of been a victims. If one is unable to provide any documentary proof of being a sufferer, he is cured regarding to his condition.

Overall, administration of Madhya Pradesh is currently more energetic to aid and help victims of Bhopal gas tragedy. It is looking to do justice with the victims of the devastation at every possible way. It really is now more genuine that such a disaster might not happen in future.


Through the precise analysis of the chance management cycle and by using secondary data the government can estimates the degree of risk and can help lowering or stagnating the chance. As the management pattern works on the procedure of gathering data and for that reason one can find out up from what level they can conquer the risk factors. The identification, strategy, analyse, decision-making, applying and monitoring the factors presenting surge to risk. The risk management pattern can prevent the possibility of risk emergence in a specific sector. Monitoring plan plays a vital role as in case of Bhopal gas tragedy the federal government have to monitor the technology and development while training people towards health-safety strategy schemes. As the chance management circuit of Bhopal gas tragedy. However, some strategies have applied to control risk in best possible way. Now a day's administration and folks make joint work to fight the tragedy.

This is preferred through this research that the disasters like Bhopal gas tragedy could be avoided if risk would have been measured and proper steps had been used at the right time. Federal government should now try to setup a body in charge of governing risk calculating department of all sectors regularly so that such a tragedy could not repeat in future. Further, government of Madhya Pradesh should be more sincere towards providing health insurance and medical services to the victims, as the consequences of disaster are seen right now.

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