The History Of Visual Effects

The moving images has always enthralled and stunned its viewers. Because the first ever video of horse jogging to prove his dog feature to the latest video tutorial boasting Akon or Eminem, or to the latest film avatar which had taken 10 long years because of its completeion, this medium of Moving Visual Images has come quite a distance and still a lot more to look and explore.

The most influencial among these moving images is the medium of movie theater. I has a strong hang on people, they never get sick and tired of movies. This is the key thought behind movie making. In case the people are showing any hesitation towards the films, the makers would soon come up with new ideas and systems.

If the Improvement is in the field of technologies it could certainly be filled with the word Effects in its priority list. Results is the most important and key part behind the film Industry now. A lot more than 90% of movies releasing today has a Special or Visual Effects sequence in a few part of its running time or may be the complete movie would be VFX showcase.

The first film screening was done on December 28, 1895 exhibiting 10 short films of 20 minutes altogether happened in the basement unveiling of the Grand cafe on the boulvard des capucines in Paris, and the inventers of this approach of capturing and projection of series of images were by the Lumere Brothers. And today A single film is launching world wide on a single day in more than a large number of theatres. The growth of the Industry is at tick of a period but this tick of energy has a lot more to state.

Louis Lumiere once said about movie theater " Cinema is an invention with no future". He might have been right when he made this statement, The time of invention, Invention of usabel electricity, material and petroleum products which inturn lead to the second Industrial revolution.

But that statemnt of Louis Lumiere will be a joke as of this poit of your time, In this time of technologies and development, An interval when manpower is questioned by the machines. Tests were the main element to improvement, innovation and inventions. The technology dint come up by itself There's a lot of hard work and great deal of man electricity behind it.

A small quick of the eveolution of Effects.

Special Effects

Smokes and mirrors were the first visual effects tool found in the begning of movie making to produce Effects. The smoke and mirrors by making use of tricky camera techniques startled the audience. This was achiedved with the aid of human being inablity of perspective, that they will see sequence of images because they are in motion and not as solitary images. These was scientifically called as the persistance of eyesight.

These simple techniques were produced within the camera, such as easy jump-cuts or superimpositions, or were created by using miniatures, again projection, or matte paintings.

The first ever Special result used ina film is named "Stop trick"and It had been the first kind of photographic strategy in movies.

The trick is easy, Executed by Alfred Clarke in 1895. While filming a reenactment of the beheading of Mary, Queen of Scots, Clark instructed an acting professional to intensify to the block in Mary's costume. As the executioner helped bring the axe above his head, Clarke quit the camera, possessed every one of the celebrities freeze, and got the person playing Mary step from the set. He put a Mary dummy in the actor's place, restarted filming, and allowed the executioner to bring the axe down, severing the dummy's head.

George Melies a French magician is a personality whom I shouldn't miss when speaking about the annals of Special Effects. He is also reffered as the Cinemagician. George melies accidently uncovered the same "Stop technique". While he was filming in the roadways of paris, his camera got jammed. And later when it was screened He found that "Stop Trick" has induced a truck turn into a hearse, Pedestrians to improve direction and men converted into women.

Melies the level director at the theater Robert-Houdin, was encouraged to build up na series of more than 500 brief film, between 1896 and 1914, in the process developing or inventing such techniques as multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand painted color. Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform certainty with the cinematography.

He used this strategy when taking pictures his eight-and-a-half minute famous Nickelodeon based on Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon. This video tutorial featured a combo of live action andanimation, and also designed extensive small and matte painting work.

Introduction To Visual Effects

Visual Effects or VFX is a subsidiary part of special effects.

What is VFX

Visual Results (Visible FX/VFX) is the various process by which imagery is established or manipulated outside the context of an live action video footage. Visual Effects entail the Integration of computer generated Realistic Environments, personas or Results which is dangerous, costly or just impossible to capture on film. The approach of Visual Results is now commonly used in Big Budget movies as the era is a costly business. The Option of affordable Compositing and 3D softwares creates a influx among the amateur film makers to include these techniques in their motion pictures too.

Different Techniques Involved or Integrated with Visual Effects


Animation is the strategy by which images which would be 2D or 3D artwork or model position shown in a collection so that it creates an illusion of action. This is because of the optical illusion of movement which is in turn by the persistence of vision of our attention. The most common method of presenting this would be film or a training video program although there are many other methods.

Chroma key:

Chroma key compositing or Chroma Keying is the technique of compositing two images or frames jointly in which a color or small color range from the above image is removed or made translucent disclosing the image behind it. This system is also known as Colr keying or Color separation overlay renewable display or Blue screen.


Compositing is the blending of of aesthetic elements from various resources to 1 image, creating an illusion that all these elements are the part of the same picture. Live action shooting for various compositing are called, chroma keying, renewable screen, blue display screen etc. All compositing involves replacing one part of a graphic with another part from another image. Inside the digital approach to compositing the software control designates a narrowly defined color as part of a graphic to be substituted. Then every pixel from the source image is substituted by the pixel from the image which needs to be in place. That needs to be aligned so that the complete composition should appear to be an individual image or shape.

Computer Generated Imagery:

Computer Generated Imagery or CGI is the application form in neuro-scientific Computer graphics or more specifically 3D computer design to special Effects in films, Television set programs,

Commercials etc. CGI is used for films because its controllable than the other physical procedures like Constructing miniatures or calling Extras for the public sequence. And the benefit CGI has over other mediums is the fact It could be controlled and edited by one specific/CG Artist minus the help of Actors, Expensive set parts or Costly props.

Matte Painting:

A matte Painting is the coated representation of the landscape, Place or Distant location that allows filmmakers to create an illusion which would prefer to be quite definitely expensive, impossible to go to or shoot over a live action film. During the course of time since its first utilization, The designer have used and experimented different techniques on matte painting. But the quality of output of matte painting is smooth and is straight proportional to the skill level of the designer and his imaginations.

Rear Projections:

Rear Projection can be an in- Camera special impact technique found in film productions to combine foreground performance with pre-filmed backgrounds. It was widely used but still being used showing background motions like traveling or a "distant" Background action. The projector is put behind the display to create dish and casts a series of images to the display. As the projector is behind the display screen a reversed image is casted making the image looks fainted or beaten up. A large area of space is occupied because of this kind of projections as the projector is stored far away from back again of the screen. Since the screen is called dish, "Roll Plate was the command word given to the crew to rotate the projector in line with the time.

Front Projection Impact:

In contrast to rear projection, in the front projection the backdrop image is projected onto both the performer and an extremely reflective background display, with the result that projected image is bounced off the screen and in to the lens of any camera. That is achieved by possessing a screen manufactured from a retroreflective material such as Scotchlite, something of the 3M company that is also used to make monitors for movie theaters. Such material is made from millions of wine glass beads affixed to the top of cloth. These a glass beads reflect light back only in the way where it came, far more effectively than any common surface.

The actor (or subject matter) performs before the reflective display with a movie camera pointing upright at him. Just before the camera is a two-way mirror angled at 45 levels. At 90 degrees to the camera is a projector which projects an image of the background onto the mirror which reflects the image onto the performer and the highly reflective display; the image is too faint to appear on the actor but shows up plainly on the display screen. In this manner, the actor becomes his own matte. The combined image is sent through the reflection and documented by the camera.

Schјfftan process:

Its a special Effect technique found in the to begin 20th century before being completely replaced by visiting matte. This technique is named after its Inventor Eugen Schјfftan(1893-1977)Schјfftan put a plate of goblet at a 45-level angle between your camera and the small buildings. He used the camera's viewfinder to track an outline of the area into that your actors would later be placed onto the glass. This format was moved onto a mirror and all the reflective surface that dropped outside the outline was removed, departing transparent glass. If the mirror was located in the same position as the original plate of goblet, the reflective part obstructed a portion of the small building behind it and also reflected the level behind the camera. The stars were put several meters away from the reflection so that whenever they were mirrored in the reflection, they would appear at the right size. .

Visual special results techniques in rough order of invention

practical effects

in-camera effects

miniature effects

Schјfftan process

matte paintings


Dolly zoom

optical effects

travelling matte

aerial image effects

optical printing


prosthetic make-up effects

motion control photography

Audio-Animatronic models

digital compositing

wire removal


match moving

Virtual cinematography

Landmark movies

2001: AN AREA Odyssey (Pioneer in spaceships models)

Amadeus (Later years stipple, era effects)

The Birds (Men/Female Matte advancements)

Buddy (Animatronics)

The Day After Tomorrow (Prolonged digital pictures, using "weather effects")

Independence Day (Digital effects coupled with small-scale models)

Jurassic Recreation area (Large animatronics, creating creatures from scrape)

King Kong (2005) (Motion Capture)

The Lord of the Rings film Trilogy (Created Massive Software, prosthetic work, digital results, motion record)

The Matrix Trilogy (Bullet Time)

Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Torso (Motion get from a 2D image)

Star Wars (Creation of original, useful effects, "damage" results, pioneer in spaceships models)

Superman (Man flight)

Terminator 2: View Day (3-Dimensional Morphing and 3D Human Body)

The Terminator (Digital effects)

Titanic (Model work, computer produced water, motion catch)

Toy Story (Complete Computer Animation)

Tron (Computer animation, virtual units)

The Record Of Indian Cinema

History Of Indian Cinema

The first ever screening In India happened in Bombay at Waston's Hotel in the entire year 1886, six soundless brief films were screened by Lumiere Cinematographe just on calendar year following the first ever before screening by Lumiere Brothere's in Paris. Immediately after, Hiralal Sen and Bhatavdekar started out making movies in Culcutta(now Kolkatta) and Bombay(now Mumbai) respectively. First acuality motion pictures were made by Bhatavdekar in 1899 just like the Lumiere's do.

Thogh there have been many efforts in making feature films since the intro of Film in India, The first feature film Raja Harishchandra was made in the year 1913 by Dada Sahab Phalke, He was later known as the daddy of Indian Movie theater. By the entire year 1920, The begning of Indian film Industry was started out and started with 27 motion pictures per year, come to 207 movies in 1931 and today India makes about more than 1000 videos per season.

A world record has been occur 2009 by producing about 2961 motion pictures on cellulloid which includes a staggering figure of 1288 feature movies.

Visual FX in India

The Background of Indian Visual FX dates back to the silent era, At exactly the same time as hollywood motion pictures were experimenting and Executing VFX, India has also closely implemented and caught on. Dada Saheb Phalke's silent movie Kalimardhan in the entire year 1919 is one example wit such work. Later emerged films like Padhala Bhairavi and Mya Bazar which got VFX to greater heights.

The Golden Era(1940-1960) Of Indian Cinema: This is the age when Indian motion pictures where well acclaimed and Appreciated combined with the development of world Movie theater. The films were cared for well in the Industry. This nourished and helped the Indian film makers to Explore and Experiment both theoretically and story base.

There were many experiment in the field of cinematography innovating new techniques and tinkering with new Ideas. Cinematographers like Subrata Mitra were pioneers in that. His techniques experienced an Impact on the cinematography of the world cinema. His techniques included Bouncing the light that's using the daylight on the collections.

Then emerged the major twist, which includes made the Indian films to shortage behind in Techniques. The reason why are numerous, But two significant reasons will be the usage of computer produced technologies in world movie theater where Indian filmmakers were attracted again, as the Indian Scientists and technologist may ot have helped the field of cinema in increasing its quality.

The second reason would be, Eventhough the scientists and Technologists were keen in helping the Indian film for producing the special impact techniques, Indian filmmakers might have more preferred creating Masala Movies( A colocial term used for the normal Indian Commercial Film) fledged with Darama, tracks, Tragedy and everything. As the medium of cinema is a Clean procedure for Business through Entertainment.

Even then Few movies were released in Indian Movie theater with magnificant Movies with special Effects, Makers being the pure lovers of Theatre, and whoe adored the expansion of world Movie theater.

The 90's: Begning of this Visual FX

The 90's needs to be regarded as the milestone 10 years for the Visual FX Of Indian Cinema. This ten years show us first that Indian Cinema gets the strengh and courage to Contend with the world theatre in Aesthetic FX. The first live action movie incorporating animation in India was "O Faby" in 1993, A malayalam feature film.

Then Arrived a film in the entire year 1994 where the lead Acting professional was dancing along with his heroine for the music "Mukkala Mukkabula" however the surprise was that only his clothes were noticeable and his areas of the body were just blank or Invisible. This was the very first time when Indian Audience as well as the makers were experiencing such a method in an Indian movie theater. The Indian Authorities had been too impressed with this party I believe, From another 12 months onwards, 1995 The rajat Kamal or Magic Lotus for Special Results have been Included in the Country wide Film Awards. The first award went to the one and only the creator of this piece of Impact Mr. Venky.

Venky has shown his expertise in the 1993 released film Gentleman and have some charisma in the movie, and then he came up to work in Kadhalan and grabbed the honor.

But it might be too Unfair EASILY dont mention the Director Both motion pictures, which is the same person, who may have shooked each and everyfilm machine in the united states along with his love toward Visual FX, along with his love towards Cinema, along with his belive in the Visual FX, and shooked the complete country with his latest film Endhiran/Robo( 2010), Simple but fledged with Impressive ideas Mr. Shankar.

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