Posted at 12.27.2018
The definition of Family has become increasingly controversial within the last few ages. Family in the twenty-first century is different to everyone; all people have different buildings and functions, values and parental behaviour. The term 'family' refers to "a product consisting of folks who are related to the other person - either biologically by notions of bloodstream relations, or alternatively by legal means such as by matrimony" (Kirby, et al 2000, p45).
The definition of a family group has modified a lot over time; there are several reasons for the definition to change. The view of the normal nuclear family is no more the norm within world. Nowadays there are definitely more groups of divorce, stepfamilies, and prolonged families, rich and poor families. There isn't a single definition for just what a family is; folks have their own view of just what a family is. There are lots of factors that produce family members different, such as ethnicity, religion, and economics. Levine (N. D) shows that individuals have three basic goals for the kids; "survival, economic self-sufficiency and self-actualization" (Enrique, et al, 2007)
Family composition and family performing can affect a child's development in lots of ways. Family composition is how a family is set up, for example, solo parent families, long families and nuclear family members. Family functioning identifies how members of the family are emotionally attached, how well they communicate emotions and information and react to problems (Freistadt and Stohschein. 2012).
Everyone has some other view of what family is and exactly how households should be organized. "Some make the assumption that children can only just be brought up effectively in a two-parent family framework concerning a heterosexual relationship. Others take the point of view that children can function well in any family framework, provided certain basic conditions are fulfilled" (Smart, 2003).
According to Schaffer family framework takes on less importance part in a child's development than family working.
"The family is a interpersonal system endorsed for legal reasons and custom to take care of its members' needs" (Kepner, 1983). The psychological bonding's and associations between the members of the family, and their responsibility to the family device hold them mutually through the changes of transitions and the complicated relationships.
Family Systems Theory
Murray Bowen developed the family systems theory, he recognized that the family was an emotional unit and any changes to the family functioning would effect all family. The family systems theory emerged from the general systems theory by scholars who discovered that it experienced a lot of relevance to family members and other social systems. http://web. pdx. edu/~cbcm/CFS410U/FamilySystemsTheory. pdf
The family systems theory identifies a family as something where each member can never be considered in isolation regardless of the roles, obligations and behaviours of other family. The family sometimes appears a dynamic device in line with the family systems theory. Changes are constantly happening and each relation assumes new assignments and obligations, and internal habits are implemented. The relationships between the individuals in the family device are mutual and constantly changing.
"The family is an example of an ongoing, self-regulating, social system that has certain features - such as its unique structuring of gender and technology - established it aside from other sociable systems. Each family system has their own structure, the psychobiological characteristics of its specific members, and its sociocultural and historic position in its much larger environment" (Broderick, 1993, p37).
The family as a system links all individuals together and understands that things occurring in the surroundings can impact all individuals even if not absolutely all of these are actively involved, for example parents workplace. The family system theory recognises that small things can impact the family system, for example, the loss of a parent can affect the relationship the child has with the other father or mother and/or siblings.
http://www. edpsycinteractive. org/papers/family. pdf
According to Bowen each member of the family system has a roles and restrictions. Individuals in the machine are expected to engage with each other in a certain ways corresponding with their role and their relationship with other customers.
There are four main ideas of the family systems theory; wholeness, integrity of subsystems, circularity of influence and stability and change. Wholeness refers the family as you unit however each member of the family have certain attributes of their own. Integrity of subsystems means that every marriage is a subsystem, for example; mom and dad relationship or mother and child romance or vice versa. Romantic relationships between romantic relationships are also subsystems. Circularity of influences means that the subsystems and interactions depend on the other person and if there is a change in a single subsystem it has an effect on other systems. Balance and change refers to external influences that make a difference the average person or subsystems, for example parent's work area. "The wellbeing of the kid, therefore, can be conceived of as centered upon the working of components of the complete family system (McKeown and Sweeny 2001: 6)
Family systems are different in all households. Parental attitudes are important in setting up an environment where their child can flourish. Campion (1985) says that if a kid grows up in a stable and loving environment, the kid will usually develop a sense of self-respect and self-discipline. The child understands what is expected of him and
However it can be argued a child who has been raised in a family system where in fact the parent's attitudes lack maturity, the kid is more likely never to flourish in the environment and not know very well what is expected of them, therefore cannot create a sense of their own competence.
Campion (1985) suggests that children undertake the roles, which have a function in their family system. It is presumed that if children see themselves as the disobedient one in the family setting up, they may carry out their difficult behaviours in college. Likewise a child who is obedient could also perform this behavior at university.
The ecological systems theory
Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory states that the surroundings is reflected within an individual's development. Bronfenbrenner's ecological procedure refers to tiers of environmental affects that impact a person's development. The relationships with people and the surroundings are key to development. This theory can apply to individuals at any level of development.
The theory identifies five environmental systems in which the specific interacts with; microsystem, meosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem.
The microsystem refers to each setting, which the individual is an energetic participant, such as; family, college, community, friends. This coating gets the most immediate and earliest influences on the kid. The relationships in the microsystem can be bi-directional; which means that the child's behaviours can be affected by the family and vice versa. The meosystem identifies the relationships between the options in the microsystem and the individual; an example of this would be the partnership between home and school. The exosystem identifies a setting or setting up where a meeting happens, which impacts or is affected with what happens in the environment that the producing person is at. The kid is not an productive participant in this technique. The set ups in the exosystem can affect a child's development by getting together with the set ups in the microsystem, for example; mother's workplace can affect the amount of time the mother spends with the child. Although the kid is in a roundabout way associated with the structures in the exosystem, they certainly feel the positive and negative impacts that are involved with the connections between your systems. The Macrosystem refers to the wider cultural systems, for example; administration legislations and economic factors. These things affect the child indirectly nonetheless it has an impact on the expanding child's life. An example of this could be that the child's family is moving into poverty therefore this may cause sociable exclusion and the kid might not have access to university journeys or community play areas. The chronosystem refers to how things change over time as it pertains to the child's environment. There are various elements within this system that may be internal or external. An internal influence could be the physiological changes that occur while the child gets older. An external impact could the timing of the parents obtaining a divorce. The old the individual gets might impact how they react to environmental changes and may be able understand how the change will influence them.