The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare is a comic, revengeful and tragic play which is set in Venice and the local country estates of Belmont. Shakespeare published the play during times when England like a lot of the Europe possessed restricted the rights of the Jews and even escalated to extremes of banishing them from England in 1290 by Ruler Edward I and were not officially permitted to returning until1655 when Oliver Cromwell allowed them. This exile of Jews was still in effect when Shakespeare had written this play and many scholars assume that some Jews still resided in England at the time of the Religious guise.
At enough time renaissance Christians disliked the Jews because they assumed that their behavior of charging interest on money they give (usury) was from the societal morals. During the time of renaissance Christians possessed become seriously indebted to the Jews who acquired loaned money to them with hobbies rates hence their increased hatred for the Jewish counterparts who started out terming them as inhuman by challenging usury on the monies they lend. This is a selfish and unfair reaction from the Religious community in Venice because they started out treating Jews harshly by imposing big taxes with them failure from which their land was confiscated and defaulters imprisoned. Such heavy taxing was intended to raise the financial position of the federal government especially during negative financial times (Mahon, 345).
Merchant of Venice is a revenge tragedy play which its story revolves around the search of its main identity shylock a Jew who's bitter on the way his friends and neighbors supposedly Christians treat him and he is on a objective to avenge for such in individuals treatment. He plans and implements his revenge by engaging in money lending that provides him chance to avenge whenever a Christian defaults him after he provide the money.
In Venice Bassanio borrows money from his vendor friend Antonio to help him woo an abundance noble female Portia. Antonio doesn't have ready cash to provide to his good friend but he gives him a permission or assurance to borrow the money he needs on his credit. Antonio is planning on his ships to reach at the harbor with a whole lot of items that will permit him to stay the loan. Bassanio is given loan of 3000 ducats by the Jewish moneylender Shylock that is not in good terms with Antonio. Their dispute is a racial and spiritual one and shylock seizes the possibility to offer a bizarre alternative to Antonio if he defaults and for certain Antonio likelihood of defaulting hits peak as the news that his boats had been wrecked. Shylock then will take the situation to judge demanding that he get permission to slice one pound of flesh from the defaulter's chest as agreed after earlier. The truth is resolved amicably by the judge and the play ends in a great way when the main character types Bassanio and Portia marry each other and the ships of the Antonio are found and finds the harbor.
Shylock is a Jewish money lender who lives in Venice and he has been bittered for many years incidentally Venetian Christians have been mistreating him especially by the vendor Antonio. The mistreatments by the Christians have shaped the religions and racial individuality of shylock.
The figure of Shylock in the play merchant of Venice is portrayed as devilish and murderer whose dear motives is to take away the life of the Religious Antonio believed by his fellow Religious to be the most kind mind to have ever resided in Venice. Shylock desires revenge on the Religious Antonio because he needs to avenge his revenge on the Christians who even call him a villain because nothing seems to stop him at getting the pound of flesh from Antonio's chest even after Bassanio offers to pay him double the agreed upon debt of six thousand ducats. He adamantly won't accept the amount of money and demand for the pound of flesh which he remarks he got it hence he must have it because it's legally his.
Jews like shylock hate Christians at that time so dearly because Christians themselves experienced no liking for Jews because they thought they wiped out crucified Jesus Christ hence were privately of the devil. Christian also hated Jews because they assumed they were not human being by charging usury on money they lend to Christians but the truth is that Christians experienced become heavily indebted to Jews who acquired provide money to them hence their intentional unfair reaction by being anti-Semitic. Therefore the murderous persona of Shylock is really as result of the hatred and bitterness his arbors against Christians who constantly show hatred towards him and other Jews. He says for what he is convinced is his rightfully and seizes the opportunity of Antonio's defaulting to make himself to be regarded a as a just man by the Christians who always perceives him as an unjust man. This newly earned persona of shylock can mainly be related to Christians who compelled him to hate them and even have a conspiration to wipe out Antonio, hence offering yet research why Christians are portrayed to get added to the structure of Shylocks figure in the play.
Shylock is pressured to charges some interest on the money he lends and this becomes his obsession as he wishes to acquire lot money to ensure his own security from the ungrateful Christians. With is habit to getting more money he becomes a greedy person who is not his true personal he only need the money as a a reaction to the procedure he receives from the Religious community. Shylock perceives that getting financial security is the only way to facts to the Christians like Antonio that he is also somebody worthy of respect and real human dignity rather than just how they always see him. He feels that being prosperity will make the Christian treat him well but that eventually ends up not the truth as everything he has worked for results in the possession of his enemies when the judge fines him for conspiring to eliminate Antonio which costs half his property and he later becomes broke and desolate forcing him to become Religious hence making him loose his identification. Shylocks fate of losing his individuality as a Jew is attributed to his past greedy habit of charging usury on the money he lends to Christians to get as much riches as he could merely to get at his Religious enemies hence it could be efficiently argued that Christians can be presented responsible for the final man that Shylock becomes as its their hatred and ill treatment that obligated him to bill usury which altered him to a greedy person.
Through out the play merchant of Venice Christians in Shylock's neighborhood show a constant hatred and dislike for the Jewish shylock and even fail to call him by his given name but prefers calling him detestable alienating labels like the Jew, cruel devil, tough Jew, currish Jew, infidel, impenetrable cur, the villain and even the devil in the likenesses of the his Jewish personality. Such name getting in touch with alienated shylock from the Venetian Christians and make him diabolically foul which little by little constructs shylocks identity and makes him a bitter man who concentrates in taking revenge resistant to the Christian community who he values are treating him in humanly. Shylock notices the habit of Christians to examine the worth of them and others matching to faulty specifications like using money value or grade one's status and value locally. Christian's belief is usually that the more money speculate if this trade the greater value and position one belongs to and Shylock in his conspiration to unleash his monomaniacal lust for revenge against his Religious enemies pressured him into money lending projects which he makes a full time income from the usury. Shylock sees this implies as the only way for him as a Jew to contend with his fellow Venetian Christians. Shylock exhibits a monstrous behaviour especially against his Christian defaulters like Antonio as he sees it as really the only possible and fulfilling way of unleashing his revenge. This change in shylocks behaviour is consequently of the regular cold treatment he get from his Religious neighbors which has made him a different person which is not quality of the Jew he was initially hence an obvious that Christians in Vendor of Venice greatly plays a part in the engineering of Shylocks racial and religious identity.
Shylock in the play admits that he hates Antonio and even declines his invitation to supper on the lands that he is a Religious. Shylock hates Antonio even more because he himself is a usurer who lends money with high interest rates that has empowered him to acquire immense riches. He accuses Antonio of loaning money to people in stress without demanding for any interest demand and this escalates his hatred for Antonio because he considers him as somebody who threatens his job since he causes his business to lose money because of this of reduced business. Shylock is therefore designed to work harshly towards Christians because he accuses them of stealing his business and his try to escape daughter. This illustrates that the behavior of Christians like Antonio being kind makes Shylock to change his character and be more tough and unkind towards his identified foes Christians hence the development of his character in the play.
In the play Shylock has been portrayed an isolated, greedy, unreasonable and self-thinking individual who doesn't think of the needs of other people. He even adores money more than his child and doesn't want to consume, drink or even pray with anyone and he avoids making a friendly relationship making him cranky and steadfast and even rigid in his values. He will a stereo-typical vocation as a money-grabbing money lender; employment making him hard to let go off his greedy tendencies as he doesn't see any reason he should do so event at the stage where it warrants mercy and pity. He explains the idea of obtaining a pound of flesh from Antonio's upper body as a merry sport and discovers it very pleasing when flesh is lower out of someone's body and this is obvious when he insist limited to the pound of flesh even after on offer double the priced he is owed. Such unreasonable and weird secluded behavior portrayed by Shylock is attributed to the racist treatment he gets from the Christians who have never seen anything in him apart from his Jewishness. Shylock wonders why he's being treated this way by Christians yet he has eye, has hands, and has organs, proportions, emotions, senses and even passions just like them. The unreasonable and rigid figure of shylock is as a result of the racial discrimination that he has received from the Christians hence the debate that Christians will be the ones accountable for construction of his identity.
Christians have emerged as the key modes by which the type of Shylock is formed through out the play as Shylock constantly claims that he did no wrong by treating Christians badly because he is simply following what his Religious neighbors has taught him which it eventually becomes a fundamental element of his persona later in the play. His conspiracy to eliminate Antonio is borne of the insults and incidents which Antonio acquired inflicted after him in their previous encounters. Which means that by planning to kill Antonio he is does not consider himself as a murderer but instead as a device of making use of what his previous relationship with Antonio has trained him. For instance Shylock when responding to Salarino's query on what good thing that having the pound of flesh will advantage him, he answers that it will offer him an opportunity to do the villainy that Christians has taught him. This means that almost every action that Shylock does is related to some previous experience that Christians have done to him hence the data of the role that Christians play in development of Shylocks persona in Shakespeare's play the Vendor of Venice (Bradbrook, 126).
During the courtroom time, Shylocks proofs that he's a smart identity who can defend himself atlanta divorce attorneys adversary despite the great opposition from his Religious enemies who wish to stop him from succeeding in demanding for the pound of flesh from his defaulter Antonio. Shylock led by his keenness for revenge uses any wit within his disposal to ensure that he's granted the authorization to finalize his revenge of eradicating Antonio. He has nobody on his area but he shows no indication of quitting until he satisfies his yearning for revenge; he argues to the judge that Christians refuses to establish free their assess, pups and mules simply because they bought them thus they own them and they are their slaves then why should he be rejected the pound of flesh which he bought relating to regulations which why he beliefs that he is acting according to regulations hence granting him the right to have pound of flesh from Antonio according to the contract they agreed upon. This portrays that Shylock is stopping at nothing to making certain he succeeds in vending his hatred for Christians until he eliminates Antonio. Such courage enamates from his dearly expected revenge which he features to the cruelty he has truly gone through in the hands of the Christians hence it's the way Christians cured him earlier that becomes the driving forms that makes Shylock a get better at of his own future. This shows that Christians therefore added o the structure of his Identity in the play vendor of Venice.
Christian vendor Antonio resulted to his own devastation when things fail to work matching to his will. Shylock suffers a religious spoil when the ingenious Portia helps Antonio in solving the case in the court. Portia disguised as Bellario and Nerissa as a legislation clerk articulately effect the outcome of the court particularly when Shylock adamantly refuses to show mercy for Antonio. Portia then allows him to get the pound of flesh as stipulated by the signed agreement which was to be achieved without spilling of even a dot of blood vessels. Shylock provides up and so losing the situation bringing on being fined for conspiring to murder Antonio which forces him to reduce have of his property and likewise is compelled to convert to Christianity (Barton, 252). After Portia striping Shylock off his property he becomes broke and manages to lose his Jewish religion and this can be as result of the combined forces from the Religious community both outside the house and in the court docket. This twist of occasions therefore improved Shylock's religious personality for the rest of his life. Before Shakespeare Jews were treated harshly by the Venice Christians and no one really cared if they lived or died. As a means of exhibiting their uncaring behavior Christians became anti-Semitic and the federal government of your day taxed them intensely and striped off their money during times that the government's money became low or maybe for federal government financial raise. If Jews failed to pay the money taxed on them singularly or collectively, then their house especially land was confiscated and defaulters imprisoned. Therefore the Jews society was cured harshly and with a great deal of disrespect by Christians who lived in Venice during the renaissance period. This prompted Shakespeare to build up the character of Shylock in Product owner of Venice concerning portray the bitterness that Jews believed as a reaction to the harsh treatment these were accorded to by the Christian community.
During the time of renaissance Jews had to be portrayed and villain ands people never expected anyone of them showing any drop of compassion for his adversary because the Christians were people expected to show compassion towards others especially the Jews who were stereotypically considered the murderers of Jesus Christ thus forcing Shylock who is a Jew to behave like the devil. This engineering of Shylocks identity give Christians like Portia the opportunity to show their mercy when he corners him using the law that was his only weapon and strips him his property and then give half it back again after he manages to lose his religion to be Christian. The action of Shylock charging usury gives Antonio the Religious another chance showing him mercy by refusing to gather part of his goods as a settlement for his conspiration to get rid of him. The results of the courtroom makes Shylock to kneel and beg for mercy from the Christians judges which dished up the interests of the renaissance Religious populace in Venice (Shakespeare et al, 145).
In final result, the conversations and argument made in the essay will go beyond any sensible doubt that the character of the Shylock who is one of the key personas in the play Merchant of Venice by Shakespeare is intensely produced by the presence, interactions ad behaviors of the Christian community who been the friends and neighbors of the type. Shylock goes through a lot of transformations in his character throughout the play and almost anything he does boasts that he was thought by his Christians neighborhood friends and in fact he shows no remorse or mercy or even take responsibility for the outcome of his activities since her doesn't even see anything incorrect with his odd character. Shylock becomes greedy, alienated, villain, infidel, unreasonable, rigid and a good murderer which all are associated with his dear motives in trying to avenge for himself and all of those other Jews for what he conditions as inhuman, intolerable and ill treatment by the Christians in Venice and a nearby. He beliefs that by firmly taking a revenge by eliminating Antonio he'll have succeeded in making the Christians pay for the past undesirable behaviors against Jews.