Posted at 12.12.2018
Keywords: machiavelli the prince, the prince evaluation, machiavelli analysis
Niccolo Machiavellis gift idea to Lorenzo de Medici, The Prince, is a discourse talking about politics and how a prince should rule his point out. Machiavelli describes his beliefs on the most effective method for a prince to rule and remain in vitality and validates his arguments by referencing historical samples and using metaphors. Perhaps one of the most prominent themes on the Prince is fortune. When talking about lot of money, Machiavelli is referring to luck, destiny, or chance. He is applicable this concept to princes and principalities. Fortune can be either useful or advantageous, or it could be harmful or dangerous. Machiavelli thinks that fortune handles half of your respective life and the spouse is controlled by one's own expertise.
Machiavelli argues that someone can gain vitality through his own potential or by fortune. Good fortune may come in the form of being given birth to into electric power, buying power, or being designated a governmental position. Machiavelli feels that it is super easy to come into power with lot of money but very difficult to enter into electric power with one's own capacity. Alternatively, staying in power after acquiring it by fortune is very hard whereas residing in electricity after acquiring it by virtue is rather simple. Machiavelli supposes this because people who have come into vitality with fortune "slumber simply on the will and fortune of whoever has given circumstances to them, which are two very inconstant and unpredictable things. They don't know how to hold and they cannot keep that ranking: they do not understand how" (26). In other words, Machiavelli thinks that people who acquire their electric power through fortune cannot successfully keep their ability because they don't have the necessary experience or foundation to effectively lead a state.
Machiavelli compares lot of money to a robust and flooding river that inflicts damage of plants, residences, and valuable resources. Although there is little or nothing that can be done to stop a raging river already in progress, preventable methods can be taken to ensure that such a river inflicts little to no injury by building dams and obstacles. Similarly, bundle of money "demonstrates her vitality where virtue has not been devote order to withstand her and for that reason transforms her impetus where she is aware of that dams and dykes havent been made to contain her" (98). Just as that one may prevent a catastrophic river by building dams, a prince should make an effort to anticipate bad bundle of money to be able to be capable of resisting it when it happens.
Since fortune regulates half of one's life and the spouse is managed by one's own skill and capacity, Machiavelli feels that, as stated before, a successful prince is capable of using his own capacity to counteract bad fortune. He analyzes just what a prince must do during times of calmness to be able to be ready for times of conflict. His views on this concept are relatively easy; "a prince should have no other subject, nor every other thought, nor take anything else as his skill but that of battle and its requests and self-control" (58). Machiavelli expounds his argument by saying a prince can prepare for war by performing exercises his brain and his activities. In order to train your brain, a prince should study past fights, wars, and market leaders. Furthermore, in order to exercise his deeds, a prince is going on hunting excursions so as to further understand his state's land and keep his armies strong.
According to Machiavelli, a prince cannot rely too much on lot of money and must be able to accomplish tasks through his own prowess. He admits that relying on talent and durability is much more difficult than counting on bundle of money. Nevertheless, depending on lot of money too much can be disastrous because bundle of money is unpredictable. When a prince who is accustomed to fortune were to come across sudden bad fortune, he would be unprepared, thus making the prince susceptible to devastation.
Although a prince may avoid lot of money and instead rely by himself talents, this might still not be sufficient to attain Machiavelli's perception of a perfect ruling system. Despite his scholarly and defensible politics, Machiavelli performed become alternatively notorious because of this concept since it excludes a heightened sense of morality. Machiavelli argues a prince or ruler should "not depart from good, when possible, but know how to enter evil, when compelled by requirement" (70). Quite simply, Machiavelli believes a prince must know how to adapt to certain circumstances even to the point to be immoral if it's in the best interest of his principality.
Machiavelli states that "there are two types of battle: one with laws, the other with push" (69). He goes on to state that humans are inclined to follow the main one with laws and regulations whereas animals tend to follow the one with force. Regarding to Machiavelli, laws are not satisfactory enough for a prince effectively lead and therefore, the prince must figure out how to use drive. Because animals will be more inclined towards drive, Machiavelli asserts a truly effective ruler will become like pets or animals. He draws attention to the fox and the lion. A fox struggles to protect itself from wolves and the lion is unable to protect itself from traps whereas a fox can discover traps and a lion can struggle off wolves. Thus resulting in Machiavelli's conclusion; if a prince became just like a lion and a fox then he would truly be considered a great ruler.
The severe realities that Machiavelli presents are contrary to what most people consider as virtuous or honorable. However, he thinks a truly virtuous prince is one who is prepared to bargain his morals and do exactly what is deemed essential for the welfare of his talk about.
Although beneficial for the principality, this may end up being a problem for the prince because the inhabitants of his principality might not be satisfied if indeed they learn of any immoralities or dishonesties the prince may have committed. This discontent may compel the public to dislike the prince. Therefore, Machiavelli cautions princes and rulers to always appear to be virtuous to the general public. He even provides an example to show that he is indeed appropriate in his assertion. He expresses that "Alexander VI never does anything, nor ever before considered anything, but how to deceive men, and he always found a subject to whom he could do it" (70).
Furthermore, Machiavelli talks about how the consumer should understand a prince regarding certain characteristics. A definite quality that Machiavelli mentions is generosity. Machiavelli talks about that generosity is obviously perceived as virtuous but a prince must continue to be careful in order never to gain a reputation of generosity. He argues that if the prince profits a reputation of generosity then he will be compelled to work with his resources in order to keep that reputation. If, however, he were to try to liberate himself from a nice reputation, he would be perceived as parsimonious, thus leading to hatred from the public and likely weakening him or even resulting in his downfall.
Another major topic that Machiavelli discusses regards whether it's better for a innovator to be feared or loved. Machiavelli points out "that since men love at their own convenience and fear at the convenience of the prince, a smart prince should found himself on what is his, not on what's someone else's" (68). Machiavelli helps his contention by studying human nature. Matching to Machiavelli, people will usually fear punishment regardless of the circumstances. Alternatively, when a prince is adored rather than hated, people will be more willing to disregard a connection of love for their personal benefit. However, as stated before, Machiavelli believes that a prince can't be hated by the general public. Therefore, a prince must ensure that he is feared however, not hated.
In summation, Machiavelli believes that one's capacity controls 1 / 2 of his life and the spouse is handled by fortune. In order to be an effective innovator, a prince must not become too reliant on fortune and must beat any hurdles that arise by using his own skills. On top of that, the prince must use his abilities to predict bad fortune so as to anticipate to overcome it when it occurs. Furthermore, a prince must truly love and be virtuous to his country. He must love his country enough to be able to be willing to hire certain vices such as cruelty, frugality, and deception. He must be feared and reputed by the public but he must be sure that he's not hated. Machiavelli feels that when a prince or a ruler were to follow all of his recommendations and admonitions then that prince would surely be able to attain magnificence and also preserve his principality.