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The Vitality Oppression And Population Sociology Essay

3. Critically explore the commonalities and differences between the experiences of two of the following groups: people with mental health issues and more mature people

Introduction

Discrimination and oppression are normal features that prevent ethnic minorities from achieving professional status within the labour market. Giddens (1993) identifies discrimination as an activity which provides to disqualify the members of 1 grouping from the opportunities available to others,

Discrimination in the negative form is usually outlawed. For example discrimination against people as they belong to a particular group, such as the mentally ill, disabled or those who belong to a different contest. Discrimination can be direct or indirect. Whenever a person is cured less favourably because of this with their intellect or disability is an exemplory case of immediate discrimination. Marion (1992) explained that guidelines or requirements that matter everyone but take action within an unfair treatment of certain people are immediate discrimination. Discrimination matching to Baron and Byrne (2004) is negative behaviours directed towards customers of social groups who will be the subject of prejudice.

Penn and Wykes (2003) identified that there is proof less favourable interpersonal connections, discrimination in work opportunities and real estate as well as their usage of health care. Discrimination is the result of lack of knowledge about mentally unwell. Opportunities provided to people with mental ill health are reduced therefore of wrong perceptions that these people are dangerous and lack personal responsibility.

Oppression can be defined as a predicament where a person, group, society, culture or point out, have power, whether it be economic, military or politics; and exercise that power to drawback, and or overpower those who do not. Oppression means control. It centers directly on the energy relationship that provides an entity the energy to discriminate against another.

Structural oppression based on class and contest condemns the lives of several ethnic minority teams, Giddens (1993) proposes the decaying environment of inner cities exacerbates the link between competition, unemployment and offense.

People with disabilities can also experience oppression when going out of the education system and coming into the labour market. For instance, access to employment can be constrained therefore of limited skills. This is directly linked to people who have impairments living on low incomes. Therefore, insufficient educational opportunity and plays a part in a high amount of disabled people experiencing poverty (Swain et al. 2004).

Sexism runs within a system of patriarchy. Patriarchy is one of the structural proportions of culture which is firmly associated with the sexist culture. Weber (1947) acquired used this idea to describe sexism. He used the term "regulations of the daddy" to make reference to the dominance of men within the family. The use of this term however, has been extended to describe the dominance of the men within the job area and its own reflection in the circulation of power. For example in the armed service forces; technology; universities; science; politics and even religious sectors.

Older people are an increasing group of service users that experience discrimination and oppression on all three degrees of the Personal computers analyses detailed by Thompson (1993). Because of the increasing people of the elderly there aren't enough resources and enough provisions, thus and therefore older people tend to be vulnerable to bad practice. With having less adequately trained experts in the caring occupations older people become more vulnerable. In society older people are negatively valued and are incredibly often regarded as past it, they are simply accused of being a worthless drain on the national economic and sociable resources. These views is seen on the three levels defined by Thompson (1993). "P identifies the non-public or psychological; it's the individual level thoughts, feelings, attitudes and actions. It also refers to practice, individual employees interacting with specific clients, and prejudice, the inflexibility of mind, which stands in the form of good and non - judgmental practice.

C identifies the cultural level of shared ways of seeing, thinking and doing. It relates to the commonalities, principles and patterns of thought and behaviour, an assumed consensus in what is right and what's normal; it produces conformity to communal norms, and comic humour functions as a vehicle for transmitting and reinforcing this culture.

S identifies the structural level, the network of cultural divisions; it pertains to the ways in which oppression and discrimination are institutionalised and thus 'sewn in' to the cloth of modern culture. It denotes the wider degree of social forces, the socio-political sizing of interlocking habits of power and affect. "

Furthermore, social behaviour towards those who have a disability can result an employer's decision on rejecting or agreeing to applications for work (Roulstone 1988). Relating to Graham et al (1990) disabled people are less likely to be accepted for a position of work than a person who is not disabled. This can be associated with negative social attitudes towards impairment. These accounts of discrimination and oppression within the labour market are interconnected to the issue of impairment and poverty.

People with disabilities can also experience oppression when leaving the training system and stepping into the labour market. For instance, access to occupation can be restricted therefore of limited certification. This is immediately linked to people who have impairments living on low incomes. Therefore, lack of educational opportunity and plays a part in a high amount of disabled people experiencing poverty (Swain et al. 2004).

The press is a powerful and influential institution that forms the representation of impairment. For example, the media has the power to condition societal perceptions and attitudes towards those with impairments. Stereotypical images of disability in the marketing are based on the medical model of disability. Characters are often portrayed as victims in need of help from charities or medical involvement (Swain et al. 2004).

Peoples with disabilities experienced high degrees of interpersonal exclusion as factory work changed agricultural work from the house. Those those who were unable to sell their labour for electricity were marginalized and excluded from mainstream society. It really is here that condition intervention started with the lives of people with impairments. The starting of workhouses, asylums and special education institutions brought communal control with the go up of the capitalist society. Foucault (1977) contends that the state is an equipment used to regulate individuals in society including the legislation of the body of individuals with disabilities.

Richard Webb and David Tossell (1999) article the following statements; Women are an oppressed bulk. They stand for up to 51% of the UK population, yet they do not have the same rights as men nor do they have the same usage of resources as men do. Women are less likely to have the same type of jobs as men or positions of electricity. They earn less than men and are far more vulnerable to career. They tend to maintain less prestigious jobs and less secure forms of employment. This is due mainly to the discrimination that women have emerged as the primary "carer" role of the genders, being viewed as the mother and the role to be the homemaker rather than the breadwinner, which is stereotypically viewed as the male role.

To conclude, this article began giving my knowledge of the socially built nature of disability as an area of oppression in just a historical context. When examining the oppression of disabled people, the companies and structures I have focused on will be the advertising, education system, work and cultural services. I have reviewed how discrimination manifests itself through society. Thompson (2006) records how this discrimination is best understood by analyzing the wider sociable context that it takes place. This is particularly very important to communal work when wanting to achieve anti-oppressive practice.

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