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The Poem The Tyger By William Blake English Literature Essay

Introduction

The poem 'The Tyger' belongs to 'Songs of Experience' which was written by the romantic poet William Blake. It had been published in London in 1794. The Tyger is the most reflective poem on the way Blake viewed the earth. It is filled with imagery that captured the thoughts of the time period. This paper will commence by giving a small summary and it'll move to analyze the poem with regard to create, tone, irony, diction, word order, images, figures of speech, symbols, allegory, sounds, patterns of rhyme and poetic form and finally conclude giving a critique by means of a personal response.

Summary

William Blake's "The Tyger" can be an interesting moral critique of Protestant Christianity, or even more specifically, a theological query into the motivations of creation itself. Blake's "The Tyger" builds upon the religious Christian theme of its poetic predecessor and continues on to ask questions concerning what Blake thought to be the existence of evil, the hatred of creation, and the Judeo-Christian God's apparent wish to punish whatever he creates. "The Tyger" brings light many problems that is the philosophical and theological cornerstone of his Romantic artistry.

Analysis

William Blake (1757 - 1827) was born in London, England. He displayed a lot of creative imagination at an extremely early age. Unfortunately, he didn't have enough funding to get institutionalized education beyond a drawing school. Therefore, he went took an apprenticeship at age fourteen under a London engraver as engraving was a required industry in the 18th century, as a lot of the book printing and illustration at the time was in high demand. (D. Wu) Blake's lifelong profession as an engraver played an essential role in how his poetry was published; indeed the two most significant aspects that lead to his most well-known works, such as "The Tyger", were his theological views of the Protestant Church and the most well-liked medium for his poetry: engraving. He read passionately and was a classic example of uninstitutionalized self-tutelage, but perhaps his greatest strength as an enchanting poet was his unique and original interpretation of the King James Bible and his undeniable talent in art. (Friedlander R. )

"The Tyger" by William Blake is a favorite example of his artistic unions between theologically critical Romantic poetry and the prints that he used as a medium for expressing them. William Blake shows us his fear when he sees this terrible tiger in the night time and he exaggerates the description of the animal by saying, "Tyger! Tyger! Burning bright, Inside the forests of the night" The poem contains six quatrains; and its rhyme is assonant, and follows flawlessly the pattern aabb due to, in the case of the first and the sixth stanzas, the word 'symmetry' is pronounced so which it rhymes with 'eye'. Due to the simple structure and vocabulary, the reader is ready understand the key matters and concepts, that happen to be Evil and Good. Both of these essential ideas are symbolised in the 'Tyger'. (Friedlander R. )

The word 'immortal' gives the reader a hint that the poet refers to God. Then, the writer wonders in what outlying places the tyger was made, and therefore these places can't be reached by any human. Once the tiger's heart began to beat just as before the poet asks, who will make such a frightening and evil animal. William Blake asks questions about the tools utilized by God. And he names the hammer, the chain, the furnace, and anvil. Each one of these elements are used by an ironsmith. Therefore, in line with the poet, God is some sort of craftsman. We can also find a semantic field related to Nature like, for example, 'forests', 'skies', 'Tyger', and 'Lamb'. Nevertheless, the poet used a semantic field related to the creation of the 'Tyger'. Following that, Inside the fifth stanza, the poet asks two significant questions. The first one identifies God's feelings, "Did he smile his work to see?" Which means, was God happy with his creation? And in the second question he asks, "Did he who made the Lamb make thee?"

The setting of "The Tiger" or the worlds this poem appears to conjure up are really diverse. Generally, though it requires put in place the abstract, without a lot more than "Forests of the night, " and "distant deeps or skies, " to provide the reader any sense of location. The body parts referenced in this poem are hands, eyes, shoulders, and feet, which can be examples of synecdoche. Therefore, the phrase "immortal hand" refers the complete being or person that the hand belongs to, while at exactly the same time focusing on the hands as the method of creation. The attention represents the whole body and person, but also focuses our attention on the faculty of sight. (The Tyger)

"The Tiger" presents a question that embodies the central theme: Who created the tiger? Was it the kind and loving God who made the lamb? Or was it Satan? Blake presents his question by saying, "What immortal hand or eye, Could frame thy fearful symmetry?" Blake realizes that God made all the creatures on the planet. However, expressing his bewilderment that the God who created the gentle lamb also created the terrifying tiger, he includes Satan as a possible creator while raising his rhetorical questions.

Deeps appears to refer to hell and skies to heaven. In either case, there would be fire, the fire of hell or the fire of the stars. Obviously, there can be no contradicting that the tiger symbolizes evil, or the personification of evil, and that the lamb represents goodness, or Christ. Blake's inquiry is a variation on an old philosophical and theological question: How come evil exist in a universe created and ruled by a sort God? Blake provides no answer. His mission is to reflect reality in arresting images. A poet's first purpose, in the end, is to provide the world and its denizens in language that stimulates the aesthetic sense; he is never to exhort or moralize. Nevertheless, the poem does stir the reader to deep thought. Here is the tiger, fierce and brutal in its search for sustenance; you have the lamb, meek and gentle in its quest for survival. Is it feasible that the same God who made the lamb also made the tiger? Or was the tiger the devil's work?

The poem is more about the creator of the tiger than it is approximately the tiger intself. In contemplating the terrible ferocity and awesome symmetry of the tiger, the speaker reaches a loss to clarify how the same God who made the lamb could make the tiger. Hence, this theme: humans are incapable of fully understanding your brain of God and the mystery of his handiwork.

The fire serves multiple purposes as a protracted metaphor. First, it's from the Tyger, which contributes to its ferocity and sublimity (the fact it's big, powerful, and mysterious). Fire is also a source of energy, and since the Tyger appears to be filled with fire, then he must be filled up with energy. In another sense, the fire of the smith's furnace is the fire of creation, the means by which the Tyger was formed. The complete poem is addressed to the Tyger. Can the Tyger talk? No. Will it even exist in a concrete sense? Most likely not. The apostrophe helps the poet keep the subject alive and in-your-face, rather than discussing a bunch of generalities.

William Blake wonders why and how god is accountable for good and innocence reaches the same time, the one who inserts violence and evil nowadays. However, the poet will not make any statement. He only asks questions which encourages the reader to think about the answers to all his questions. Finally, the last stanza is equivalent to the first one. This indicates that author is not able to understand the world where we live.

Critic

In my opinion, I feel that the tiger is man, God's shining creature, burning bright compared to his other creations. He describes some of man's characteristics given by God. He says that a man is fierce, bold and ambitious, somewhat evoking a graphic of science and man's desire for power over the planet earth and yet he's cultured and civilized, even introspective. These features are hard to comprehend in its complexity. But, these traits of man converted into another thing.

Man, like hardworking little ants to God commenced to use your brain he previously been directed at change the planet earth. He turned his tools to darker purposes, becoming industrial and materialistic. They forgot about the wonder of nature, the freedom of the tiger he was previously. Blake wonders if nature teared at this loss in case God smiled when he saw how the beauty and power of the creature he previously created had turned astray. Did the creator of the innocent lamb really also make the men on the planet in their sterile society of cheap pleasure and convenience? Now Blake wonders, not only who could define man, but who dare?

Conclusion

In the poem "The Tyger" William Blake is stating that God should readily punish the creatures he brings into existence. God created the Lamb, but he also created the Tyger, and is also so directly in charge of the misery of that same lamb, the Tyger that could prey upon it. God created Satan, and in doing so also readily damned him to Hell for acts that, in his power, God was very much in charge of and may have prevented.

William Blake's "The Tyger" is such a remarkable theological critique, because it has forging in the depths of hell a monster to be unleashed after mankind, not the Devil, however the Protestant God himself, the creator of the Tyger as well as the Lamb.

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