Posted at 10.15.2018
In Rosemarie Putnam Tong's e book, Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Launch, she identifies the perspective of radical feminism. By splitting radical feminism into two different parts, the radical-libertarian feminists and the radical-cultural feminists, Tong shows how two celebrations which have the same basic theory and goal can have significant variances.
In the beginning of the section, Tong highlights that "a feminist must demand the sex/gender system is the essential cause of women's oppression" (Tong, p. 46). This differs from the liberal view of feminism because the radical feminists want an completely new system opposed to working with the machine for change.
Tong illustrates two very different methods for achieving a solution to women's oppression, the radical-libertarian and the radical-cultural feminists. The radical-libertarian feminists oppose the concept of femininity and all things including reproductive, mothering and erotic roles. They thought within an androgynous culture which combines both masculine and womanly characteristics exemplified by world. "This indicated radical feminists' original aspire to transcend the restrictions of the gender/gender system by daring women to be masculine as well as feminine" (Tong, p. 47). The radical-cultural feminists differs from radical-libertarian since it rejects masculinity and induces women to become more like women and stresses the principles and virtues associated with women (Tong, p. 47).
Both methods have conflicting ideas about sex, reproduction, and mothering. The radical-libertarians believe in all varieties of sexual manifestation and freedom so long as pleasure is achieved for both get-togethers. Any form of sexual restriction is looked at as cruel (Tong, p. 62). Pornography is looked at as ways to control sexuality (p. 68). Alternatively, the radical-cultural feminists see male sexuality as flawed (Tong, p. 62).
When taking a look at reproduction and mothering, radical-libertarian feminists take a look at duplication as a weakness. Also, they are against biological motherhood and prefer reproduction to be achieved artificially. Radical-cultural feminists see duplication as a woman's source of vitality, hence men always striving to control it. The best option is good for women to be mothers independently terms (Tong, p. 80-81).
Planned Parenthood creator, Margaret Sanger was one of the cornerstone staff of radical feminist movement of the twentieth century. In her book, Woman and the brand new Race, Sanger talks about contraceptive and women's protection under the law to her own body. As she suggests clearly in the beginning of the section, "no girl can call herself free would you not own and control her body. No female can call herself free until she can pick consciously whether she will or will not be a mom" (Sanger, 138). Sanger compares both man and woman and the effects of motherhood on both of them. Though men do have problems with the results of the problem, Sanger seems women suffer much more. The girl is the main one who must face the physical difficulty of bearing and rearing the unwanted children" (Sanger, p. 139).
Like many liberal feminists, Sanger details on the actual fact that a change must be produced. Unlike other feminists though, Sanger got action. Regardless of what is right, the truth is that women will never gain flexibility until women take it for themselves. Women should not accept but struggle as pointed out by Sanger. Rather than looking into days gone by like most of society would, look at what should be. Before it is just a man's problem, this is a women and she should therefore have the ability to decide for herself (Sanger, p. 139).
"Contraceptive is woman's problem. The quicker she allows it as hers together, the quicker will society respect motherhood" (Sanger, p. 139). Sanger brings up an important fact about motherhood. No one can enjoy something they never really wanted to begin with. Giving women the right to choose, population is which makes it much more likely for female to be satisfied and revel in motherhood. By just giving woman the decision is a gratifying enough step for Sanger. This pertains to radical feminism for the reason that as Tong mentioned earlier, Sanger wished a totally new system of women's to her own body somewhat than just fixing what society observed as satisfactory (Sanger, p. 139).
Kate Millett's Theory of Sexual Politics pertains to radical feminism by exhibiting how thoroughly culture and world are dominated by men. The central thesis to the theory of erotic politics is that whenever one group rules another, the partnership between your two is politics. When this is completed over a long time period it develops into a notion. She defined sex as a status category that contained politics implications. Such areas in culture like the military services, industry, technology, universities, science, politics office, financing, and police force are all driven by guys (Millett, p. 219). Politics equals electricity and regarding to Millet, guys dominate female and elder men dominate young (Millett, p. 220).
Millet also details point on democracies, aristocracy, and patriarchy. In the democracy, females have never held office except in small areas. This differs from an aristocracy in that women are allowed to hold electricity and the elder man guideline is not present either. Inside a patriarchy, men carry electricity over women, children, and most areas of modern culture (Millett, p. 220).
Millett's beliefs of sexual politics can be related to Tong's original theory of radical feminism. Millet wished to destroy the making love/gender system and create a fresh society where women and men are identical throughout culture. Millett also presumed in the idea of androgyny and this it was only valid if womanly and masculine features are worthwhile enough independently (Tong, p. 51). This androgynous person must incorporate the balance of the greatest masculine and feminine characteristics (Tong, p. 53).
Tong ends chapter two with a critique of radical feminism. This theory of women is shown to be fascinated by functions and stereotypes that disregard the flaws of women. It is also described as being truly a historical by social feminists. Radical Feminism is the root to women's oppression. Women realize their power and electricity and want population to acknowledge that. Women receive few choices in a male dominated population. Sanger and Millett concentrate on the lack of choices when dealing with birth control and political electricity. Both want a change and an entirely new system.