Posted at 11.04.2018
Over human population in Egypt and its own dimensions, considers as one of the serious problems, which struggle Egypt community, as it relates to social, economic, politics, and educational future to the country, belonging to the risks, as results of big difference in populace and international labor generally, this cause dangers to country security, nation website and identity, so this case became as one of main situations that looks for solution, and the government offered it special interest as an instance of identity, financial, security and education, and in this research I will explain this issue, causes, results, and results, and some solutions and referrals, the medical diagnosis of problem proportions take varied attributes, therefore of quantity progress in labor amount, and the result of the product quality based of society in Egypt, this causes lots of hazards, and social, financial, and security problems which threat community and its future, in addition of difference in lots of employments especially in the private sector, this makes the condition so complicated, and leave residents away from private sectors, so increasing problems and its interiors, why don't we accept this situation, so neither the continuing in the acceptance situation is unacceptable nor the solutions.
Lots of phenomenon which belongs to the demographic situations, differ from country to another, especially if relate to economic, social, politics future of these countries, and the technology of problems and conditions which will make challenges to get red of, so public issues that face any community or region, differ in determining degree of importance in tips view of world, and it could suppose exist different kinds of public problems, that can be distinguished in every groups in communal process determine that trend which represent interpersonal problems initially then increase to be multi sides.
Egyptian people, like other people belongs to organic and natural roots known Arabic, and connect with other Arab people in religion, terminology, and historical connectors, and it effects with tribal condition, which means its people belong to Arabic tribes, have their famous titles, and parts, Egyptian residents face to mix with international emigrants, especially that can come from Africa, Iran, and India, instructing that littoral locations were more influenced with this emigrants than the inside, and desert ones, this effects in its economic, educational, social mother nature, while the Bouduin group still as it is, and kept its social and traditional principles.
The changes which occurred in Egyptian in the starts of the 70th century with the exploration of petrol, and the began of structure process, that comprehend, financial, constructions, and customs changes, in addition of showing new principles of life, so that it is natural for old practices and traditions to fade away, and rechange with new concepts and ideas that suited to the new life and, this derived to appear of new Egyptian person, who has new mental, contentment which different from how he resided before Union Revolution and engine oil exploration
The new ethnical situation obliged big choices with it on the fast procedure for growth and boosts luxury life degree of person, which relates with innovations of individual's income, and developments of governmental and private services, the united states became as a journey of global market, which means this leads cultural principles with different forms, companied with big exist of external companies in Egyptian in addition of build local organizations that rely upon the international labor in both varieties, so this simplicity immigrants flow to the areas which increased over expectations
The overpopulation is the first national case in this period, and it ought to be take wide pursuits as inhabitants planning, and labor helped bring, and the need of it, increased to 90% from the full total of work force in the country, according to the previous estimations, the percent of foreign people is 10% with individuals in Egypt, and there are 300 thousand new job opportunities available in Egypt, while 30 a large number of Emirates are workless, which is another defection beside of the population one, which what leading labor minister announced
In the other area we notice the domination of international labor of most production areas, which target in commerce, restaurants, hotels, constructions, and changeable industry, we under stand the percentage of overseas labor is the most in the united states, this cause to defect the amount of population build, so the situation is serious, and more technical case which face country and administration, within the next a decade on the political, and social and threats engineering of the united states and its connection,
This situation which it obliged and the excepted solutions for it and I explore two triggers:
The situation progress in Egypt directed citizens to improve their economic, sociable, job and educational levels, and today citizen transformed to investor to bring laborite, and this way was very helpful for him
The improvement of financial sector in the 70th century was the bottom of bring overseas labority in imaginative way, and it becomes now needs an complete opposite situation as a negative immigration, because the overseas aim is financial, to reduce present defect crises, by limit the labority, and the useful selection of it, and takes in considerations qualifications, skills, activities and nationalities amounts, and during the big growth of increasing human population in Egypt of the foreign growth in substantial estimations, and the defection continues to be a threat effects on future of the united states with its people,
This overpopulation in line with the statistics pointed at degree of danger, in which this problem holds, and consider local concern to Egypt, especially after the next human population in 2006, which doesn't look yet, therefore the threat should be faced that influence on the cultural, and quantitive structure, and changes the classifications of people in addition of its sociable, quantitive, educational, and safeness hazards, which domain the economical and live sectors in the modern culture, in addition of the financial, and communal charges which made more pressure in the neighborhood services, and this leads to increase the development budget, otherwise in the neighborhood, or union, which influenced in the people level
Egyptian government does and does more efforts to cope with all cons, especially health industries which results of present human population construction in the prepared images of the work laws in the governmental and private sector and drive woman in several careers, from the first times of Egypt founded, the specialist departments did big attempts to announce laws and regulations of emigration and residence, so lots of ministry regulations and decisions in cases like this, the first union laws # 6 6 in 1973 which followed with a lot of modified like the council of ministers decision number 3 3 in 1977 to organize bringing foreign labors.
The first rung on the ladder that government performed in the way of correcting the population situation in Apr 1980, it announced labor law no. 8 8 in 1980, then law no. 8 8 in 1984, in the event to organize the foreign labor, that triggers to control use of labors, and work adults and women, with individual, and group companies and contracts, as salaries, working hours, vacations, medical protection, insurances and work end awards. . . etc, the application of this law triggers to determine the arranging basis of delivering international labors, and it provided citizens the right to work which come in 9th subject (work is the right for all those Emirates citizens and it is prohibited for the others to work in land, unless in the conditions which federal does indeed).
The law confirmed Environmental Issues in case of the unavailable of local labor, the priority wanted to the Arabic labor then international labor from other nationalities, but this applied only in the governmental industries, but the private sector fails to apply it although there are lots of individuals who look for job, it includes supported this laws with ministry decision in 1990, in case of organizing foreign labor causes in Egypt, especially the case of escaping from guarantor, or allow them use others, the federal government interested in treating the defection in the populace building, so another ministry decision #4 4 in 1994 directly into organize bringing foreigners with their individuals and servants, and it's been allowed to limited number of categories who've big earnings like technical engineers, accountant, chemists, agriculture courses, instructors, and other professions, the law chosen the limit salary for foreigners to bring his family 4000G regular monthly in case of the accommodation available, and 5000 G in case of there is no accommodation.
As it is the low level in the united states during to diminish their own families and servants, however the groups which the decision comprised were so little from the international labor, and as a result this decision do nothing but, improve the percentage of men more than females, and the fifth subject matter was amendment to become 3000 Dhr with accommodation and 4000 G devoid of accommodation, so this decision is not studied well and patiently to connect between the rational of governmental income and private individual income, in addition of all who work in government are Arab,
I think it should follow with the quantitive society engineering(male and feminine), and nationality, to resolve environmental problems it will focus in private sector, in addition of that the labor ministry paused to give Visas to unspecific period, your choice directed to 42 pursuits like tailors, and small carpentry work shop, and bakeries, regulations amount 93 in 1996, which announced from the interior ministry, that organize labority situations, specifically for those whom are illegal in the united states, from the decision released 250 thousand illegal's kept the country, the council of ministers issued a decision to increase nationalism in bankers 4% yearly, in addition it made a high committee to society building to find ideal solutions for people construction adjustment and coordinate it.
There is a genuine public medical condition in the many Foreign employments especially Outlawed international employments, that carries significant risks and dangers to their state society, getting rid of control over them that they can not trace them or carry them responsible in event of serious offences and the most dangerous if indeed they take with them into the country banned substances such as: ammunition, weapons or drugs, which impacts the steadiness and security in modern culture.
Are also a drain on food resources, peer wages they receive and the financial cost of the indirect employment consequently of a large number of status has to endure the high cost of the for through the support of immediate and indirect services
The existence of fresh water in Egypt especially, some reasons belongs directly with economic side chiefly, in addition of many circumstances, and interpersonal, politics, security, and monetary. . . etc other wise from transfer or export countries of employments an important role to form this phenomena, normally it attract job from transfer countries, or pressure fired from export ones, and this job find this easy in period of EGYPT establishment, and the needs of employees and labors in every industries in addition of the restrictions of EGYPT population and the fast advancements of the country
The position of Egypt in two seas, made it, as a posture of sights, it locates in two seas, the Red sea and the mideterainian one, in addition of that there are long coast series, these things triggers the overpopulation
The forest in Egypt sent out in both attributes of the Nile river, but the overpopulation, triggered many problems of the green areas and cancel most of them to, build houses and complexes for people
The biodiversity of individuals in Egypt are in centre of the city, professional areas, in addition of the places which is near normal water, but following the overpopulation which took place in the recent couple of years, population variety is every where in the country, and some times causes traffic
Overpopulation in Egypt derived a lot of problems, in addition of traffic, weather now could be not adaptable, changeable due to the increase in all devices which cause pollution for example means of transportations, conditioners all these things triggers changing environment,
Overpopulation in Egypt triggers lots of cons:
There is a genuine problem in the large numbers of Foreign employments especially Outlawed foreign employments, that holds significant dangers and threats to their state society, losing control over them that they cannot trace them or maintain them accountable in event of serious offences and the most dangerous if indeed they carry with them into the country banned chemicals such as: ammunition, weapons or drugs, which influences the stableness and security in modern culture.
Are also a drain on economical resources, peer wages they receive and the financial cost of these indirect employment consequently of a huge number of state has to carry the high cost of these for From the support of direct and indirect services
The issue of the research considered generally speaking form the overall increasing in legal and illegitimate labors and the effect on the construction of populace in the location this triggers to more economic, social, society hazards and problems, and threat the entity of society and its future, in addition of distinctions in citizens percentage, in a large amount uses in the private sector, which makes the problem more difficult, and do not work local people in private sector, the situation enhances in its overlaps, and alternatives,
So this balance in its troubles, to accept the problem, as the population situation is satisfactory or the answers to mend up it also acceptable, the society and federal government role in front of the modern culture limited in challenge.
The existing situation of Egypt must fix up the populace constructions and looking for how exactly we can treat its defection, to keep carefully the nation's security and citizens identifications, with consuming considerations social and social advancements in community, and relooks again to society constructions, and policy of emiratisation of folks community, and this problem needs a more careful in a completed plan to achieve it, to decrease partly from it, and arrive to a level which includes useful results during to put all countrywide and human alternatives in the process of treatment.
The relevant guidelines goals
The relevant procedures have plenty of goals and direction and the most important ones are:
To know how big is the problem, and clarify the sources of population defection, and its own danger which forms in Egypt community
Clarify the neighborhood causes that cause to exist people defection with the growth and increase of labority
Identify the potential risks which causes by human population defection
To know and apply rules which can get red out of population defection, and limit its traces.
To know if the emiratisation is an excellent solution, and appearance at its results
To emphasize the energetic performance role of the formal department
Identify the steps that the government follow and push them locally to fix up this issue, and steer clear of it in future
Put and apply effective recommendations to assist in preventing and solving population defection in Egypt
Prepare all local work force, and immediate it to a fruitful careers and works, far away from workless, and reduce foreigner labority, and present the top priority to effective employments in monetary and sociable departments
Population defection overpopulation is one of the most important themes which occupies Egyptian federal, and public view and this problem takes tons of measurements in Egypt because of the ratio defection improvement, checking with other countries, which is over 80%, and this makes the necessity strategic, importance and fast to correct populace defection, that cause to retreat financial, productivity, political of local residents, as movement of immigration and dependency on international labor, and the united states became as camps more than nation in clinical and social notion, as these areas don't characterized as community, that targets custom or custom in the nature of technology and committed, and percentage of male and female are similar for time and sex, and it includes similar and cooperative techniques, and romantic relationship, but these neighborhoods are very poor of education, and same nationalities especially for many who are not Arabic
Egypt government did lots of ways, procedures and applied many guidelines and strategies to limit this defection, and repairing it today needs serious ranking, rethinking, and reevaluating of policies and techniques which fall season to treat, and look for this situation to understand its components, sizes, to hide its intricate and troubles, this involves bettering governmental and popular mentality and well, to use useful procedures to pass this problem in time, periodical, tactical plan