The purpose of today's chapter is to discuss the idea of a semantic field, verbs which form semantic fields, verbs of belief and bodily discomfort as well as metaphorical use of the verbs: to see.
Semantics is the word which describes the study of meaning. It constitutes a part of linguistics, similarly like meaning constitutes a part of dialect. What semantics is thinking about, is relation which occurs between linguistic products, like words or phrases, as well as the entire world. It is thinking about how phrases which appear in natural words show simple fact and in what way they relate to people's mental representations of reality.
There are several varieties of semantics: pragmatic semantics, which deals with this is of utterances in context, sentence semantics, which occupies with this is of phrases and meaning relations between them, lexical semantics, which concerns the meaning of words and the meaning relations which come in the vocabulary of an language. There are also two perspectives: philosophical or linguistic. The first concerns the logical properties of terms, the nature of formal theories as well as the terms of logic. The next occupies with all areas of meaning which come in natural languages, starting from this is of sophisticated utterances in given contexts and split noises in syllables.
According to Saussurean and post-Saussurean structural semanticists, "the meaning of any linguistic product is determined by the paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations which carry between that unit and other linguistic units in a language-system. Lexemes and other devices that are semantically related, paradigmatically or syntagmatically, within confirmed language can be thought to belong to, or even to be users of, the same field; and a field whose elements are lexemes, is a lexical field". Therefore, it is a paradigmatically and syntagmatically made vocabulary's subset.
The strongest version of field-theory assumes a language's vocabulary constitutes closed down set of lexemes which is often divided into a couple of lexical domains that is divided into subsets. Another assumption of field-theory is that closed units of lexemes, that can be available or indeterminate, are both vocabulary and each of the fields in the vocabulary. What is more, the complete vocabulary is reported to be a field which involves the same elements as the lexical areas.
The theory of semantic field, which is thinking about the examination of sense, was proposed by a number of German and Swiss scholars in the 1920s and 1930s, especially by Ipsen, Jolles, Porzig and Trier, however, its origins are available in the middle of nineteenth century. According to Jost Trier, "the vocabulary of an language can be an built-in system of lexemes interrelated in sense"; still, the machine is changing. We can discover that lexemes which been around in the past are disappearing now as new lexemes replace them but we also discover that the relationships of sense which maintain between a specific lexeme as well as neighbouring lexemes in the machine, are changing all the time. Any extending of lexemes concerns a equivalent narrowing of 1 or more neighbours of these. Corresponding to Trier, the actual fact that this intends to catalogue the changes which occurred in the meanings of individual lexemes all together or separately, rather than examining changes in the complete composition of the vocabulary through time, is one of the most important drawbacks of traditional diachronic semantics. Trier likened the structure of one lexical field at one time with the composition of the lexical field at another time. In spite of the actual fact that they constitute different lexical areas, as they participate in different synchronic language-systems, they concern the same conceptual field and that's the reason they are equivalent. Trier remarks that the part-whole marriage between particular lexemes which can be interpreted within the lexical field, is identical or like the part-whole relationship between your lexical fields and the complete vocabulary. "Fields are living realities intermediate between specific words and the totality of the vocabulary; as parts of a complete they tell words the property of being integrated in a larger composition and with the vocabulary the property of being organised in terms of smaller items. " For instance, the lexical field of color terms entails the lexemes: black, white, red, inexperienced, yellow, blue, orange etc. and in the same way, the lexical field of colour conditions, as well as those of kindship terms, military ranks, vehicles, amongst others are only parts of the whole English vocabulary. In addition, the overall lexeme red can be considered a lexical field within which the particular lexemes scarlet, crimson, vermillion can be interpreted.
A lexical field is consisted of the set of lexemes atlanta divorce attorneys language-system which cover the conceptual area and provides framework to it using the relations of sense between them; and every lexeme covers some conceptual area which might be constructed in the same way as a field by another group of lexemes. Therefore, the sense of an lexeme constitutes a conceptual area within a conceptual field, and a thought is a conceptual area which is connected with a lexeme. Evaluating two diachronically different lexical domains, which participate in the same conceptual field, it could be found that no changes can be viewed either in the group of lexemes which belong to the two fields or in sense-relations which appear between them; any particular one lexeme replace a different one, however, without changes in the inner framework of the conceptual field, that no changes in the set of lexemes can be viewed but a big change in the internal framework of the conceptual field; that some lexemes replaced others and the inner structure of the conceptual field has evolved as well; and lastly, that some changes in the internal composition of the conceptual field induced that one or more of the lexemes has been added or lost.
According to some critics, field-theory can be well-grounded limited to abstract words' research, however, there is absolutely no evidence which facilitates this declaration.
Trier's theory of conceptual and lexical domains assumes that there is an unstructured chemical of interpretation, which underlies the vocabularies of all languages. "Every dialect articulates simple fact in its way, thus creating its own particular view of fact and establishing its own unique ideas. "
As opposed to Trier, Porzig unveiled a concept of semantic areas claiming that we now have the relationships of sense between pairs of lexemes that are joined syntagmatically which resulted in a controversy which theory was best. Porzig's theory was relied on the partnership within collocations that are consisted of a noun and a verb or a noun and an adjective. Both of these lexemes in each collocation are linked by an essential meaning-relation. Lexemes are different on account of the freedom with that they can be combined in collocations with other lexemes. On the one hands, there are adjectives as good or bad which can collocate with nearly every noun, and, on the other hands, there can be an adjective as rancid which can collocate only with butter.
The theory of semantic domains is linked with direct or indirect efforts of learning the structure of some semantic or lexical areas, like the hierarchy of military ranks, numerals, shade as well as kindship terms. Semantic field or semantic site are terms used for the terms lexical field or lexical set. Matching to Crystal, semantic or lexical field is a "named area of so this means in which lexemes interrelate and specify the other person in specific ways. " For example, the lexical field of marriage conditions includes the lexemes: father, mother, son, princess, cousin, nephew, uncle, aunt, grandfather, grandmother, etc.
According to lexical field theory, the vocabulary of language is basically "a strong and well-integrated system of lexemes set up by interactions of indicating". Crystal statements that we now have three kinds of difficulties which may be come across while assigning all what in English in lexical domains. Firstly, some lexemes can belong to fields that are imprecise and difficult to explain. Second of all, some lexemes can be assigned to several field. For example, orange can be assigned to the field of fruit or even to the field of shade, tomato as fruits or veg. Another difficulty concerns the best solution in defining a lexical field regarding the the other fields and its own constituent lexemes. These complications show the actual fact that the English vocabulary does not contain discrete fields in which an appropriate place can be found by every lexeme. However, a whole lot of lexemes can be categorized into fields and sub-fields accurately.
Words, which make reference to a particular course and which split up a semantic field, generally are incompatible. For instance, it is impossible to say: This is a red hat and This is a renewable head wear of the same subject. We also cannot determine the same animal as a lion and since an elephant. Dialect often shows this incompatibility. For example, in the following sentence: It had been on Saturday that she gone there, it is clear that she didn't go there on various other day of the week, and in the sentence: Costs punched Mary, it is clear that he didn't kick or slap her, although punch, kick and slap belong to the same semantic field. However, there are a few terms which may be described as mixtures, for example, an orange-red hat, or tigon, which is the combination between a lion and a tiger. In situation in which such terms are introduced, lots of words within the field increases and the field is divided up in more detail. In some cases, which concern the animal names, the distinction between the terms in the field is clear as well as shown by clear distinctions in experience. In other circumstances, distinctions are not so cleared. The things in the field are 'unordered' meaning they can not be completed in almost any order. So as to list them, it is necessary to do it in alphabetically. However, there are some sets of words which is often said to have some 'order'. The types of such words are measurements such as inches, foot, yard which can be put in order beginning from the smallest one, or numerals: one, two, three etc.
Generalization of lexical items in the semantic fields is not absolutely free. Every expression is quite particular. For instance, the verb change cannot replace the verb go and the other way around. The verb to travel can take place as a verb of change only in the spatial field, the verb to donate only in possessional field, the verb to become only in ascriptional, and the verb to program only in scheduling. Particular inference habits occur atlanta divorce attorneys semantic field. For example, it isn't possible for one object to be at two different places at the same time, in the spatial field. It can be said predicated on it that the object which moves in one location to another is not in its first position any more. However, this inference does not take place in the field of information transfer. For instance, if Bill offers some information to Harry, it could be said that except for Harry no-one else have the information, but since information unlike objects can be in several place at the same time, Charge still may have the information as well.
Language built up semantic fields or areas of meaning and they're linguistically limited. Vocabulary, grammar and syntax are modified to the business of the semantic fields. He task of classification plans which are built up by words is to differentiate things by 'gender' or by amount. In languages where seductive or formal discourse by means of pronouns is distinguished, this difference stresses the components of a semantic field that are called the zone of intimacy.
In semantic field analysis, organizations of words into fields appear predicated on an aspect of meaning they share. Such a field can be made of words which make reference to sipping vessels or verbs of communication such as speak order, warn, assurance, etc. Group of agreed standards for forming semantic fields does not exist, regardless of the fact that 'common element' of so this means can be one. Making for bank account of word interpretation which is more clear if a word is examined within the semantic space's context which space matter other words semantically related is one of the arguments for a semantic field vocabulary's explanation.
In such a explanation, the sense relations play a substantial part in becoming a member of of the words' meanings which participate in the same semantic field. A good example of design of semantic fields in English vocabulary is Roget's Thesaurus. Roget divided vocabulary into six extensive 'classes' which can be: abstract relationships, space, subject, intellect, volition and affections. Each of these classes is subdivided into 'portions'. For example, affections possess the sections as generally, personal, sympathetic, moral, spiritual. Another two subdivisions take place in order to reach the articles or semantic fields. For instance, moral affections are subdivided into commitments, sentiments, conditions, practice and companies. Obligations category has the articles as right/incorrect, dueness/undueness, responsibility/dereliction and exemption. An article contains lists of words which can be organized according to word school, for illustration, 'dereliction of obligation'.
In recent years Tom McArthur examined British semantic field and organized words into fourteen semantic fields 'of a pragmatic, each day mother nature', for example, Life and Living Things; People and the family; Food, Drink and Farming; Thought and Communication; Terms and Grammar; Activity, Location, Travel and Transport. The broad semantic fields are subdivided. For example, the Movements field has sub-divisions of: Moving, Coming and Going; Placing and Taking; Pulling and Pressing; Travel and Going to; Vehicles and Move on Land; Places; Shipping and delivery; Aircraft; Location and Path. These subdivisions are divided into smaller groups of words that happen to be related. For example, Travel and Traveling to has several nine verbs of 'visiting', a group of ten verbs of 'reaching people and things', a group of thirteen nouns of 'going to and inviting', etc.
"All verbs that have at least one meaning which may be related to a certain theory belong to such a field", and, "a verb which has several meanings, therefore belongs to many fields". The meaning of a certain verb which in turn causes that it's assigned to a specific field is called 'field-internal so this means'. Lexical fields can be blended to create fields of higher-order. Vocabulary is divided into hierarchical categories such as: verbs of lifetime: to exist, to be, to make, verbs of alteration: to remain, to change, to affect, verbs of manifestation and perception: to see, to note, showing, relational verbs: to arrange, to become listed on, to separate, verbs of ruling of behaviour: to permit, to order, to induce, verbs of verbal appearance: to saw, to name, to see. However, subfield of the one field can be located in a different one. For example, subfield of the field of ruling of behavior could be put in neuro-scientific verbal manifestation. The lexical field, apart from occurring in various relations to other lexical fields, is internally strusturable as well. Specific relationships between its elements, the lexical items or subsets can be founded. These relations are based on field-internal interpretation of the verbs and they're a significant part of the meaning's description. You will discover two types of relationships between verbs: Inside the first type the relations matter semantic or stylistic specificity of verbs. 'Antonymy', 'synonymy', 'hyponymy', 'cohyponymy' are the terms which describe these relations. The next type concerns different verbal aspects.
The semantic fields have been divided into three organizations. The first group which determines "Concrete verbs" includes fields such as Movement: go, put, and Creation: make, build which refer to situations which are accessible instantly to the sense organs. Mental verbs include fields such as Cognition and Understanding which give a description of emotional processes which can be experienced by oneself but which is not seen at others. Grammatical verbs form the third group including different groups of verbs which have interpretation not grammaticalized in many languages. Dynamic or modal meanings are those which they exhibit. The lexicon's corporation can be considered from componential or relational viewpoint. According to componential construction, "the internal structure of any semantic field may be looked upon as the results of the relationship of a couple of field-specific components and a number of standard field-independent components that lower across all verbal semantic fields. " For instance, verbs of Notion are grouped matching to components that happen to be field-independent. The sense modalities and the field-independent dynamic system belong to them and includes lexical aspect, for example, stative: see and dynamic: look and causative distinctions, for example, be obvious and show which both 'make visible'. All verbal semantic fields contain the distinctions within the dynamic system which are important. Some of components play an integral role in constructing of an field, whereas supplementary modulations are represent by others. Relating to Miller and Johnson Laird, "verbal semantic fields are arranged around a central predicate". For instance, Action verbs are grouped into Travel and Possession verbs around Possess. Verbs of Physical contact such as strike, strike, beat, bunch, knock, bump into, touch, rub etc. are grouped into the center predicate Contact. The verbal semantic fields are usually grouped into a number of nuclear verbs which predominate in their fields regarding the frequency of occurrence, the number of supplementary senses and the range of constructions that they can belong to. The nuclear verbs contain not only the key component of the field but also even more thorough components which stand for verbs being the most typical in their fields rather than being the immediate exponents of the overall so this means which is shared by all the field's elements. Whenever such exponents can be found, they usually happen only in formal registers. The exemplory case of this is actually the nuclear notion verb see and a technical term is more or less the verb perceive.
In order to organize the British verb lexicon as a relational network, it was divided up into semantic fields, which provided a short, semantically based corporation of polysemous verbs in the English lexicon. It had been also stated that words between which there are connections of semantic and lexical relationships generally participate in the same semantic site. Semantic domains such as vegetables and color conditions have been prepared by relations as hyponymy. For example, verbs sprint and run participate in the semantic area of movement verbs, because to sprint methods to run for some reason.
Verbs are divided into those which show actions and events as well as those which indicate states. Most verbs participate in the first group and they're subdivided into thirteen more descriptive semantic domains which are: verbs of action, belief, contact, communication, competition, change, cognition, consumption, creation, emotion, possession and bodily treatment and functions, and verbs which make reference to social behavior and interactions. The verbs that happen to be painstakingly discussed as the idea "be", including resemble, belong and suffice are not contained in any of above semantic domains. These stative verbs form another classification and they constitute really the only group which does not form a semantic website. Auxiliaries and control verbs such as want, are unsuccessful, prevent and be successful as well as aspectual verbs like start off, also belong to this group. A lot of verbs can't be explicitly put as either cognition or communication verbs such as wonder, speculate, confirm, evaluate etc. Likewise, a verb thistle can be placed in the group of verbs of audio emission as well as verbs of action. Such verbs would be connected with verbs from more than one semantic field if indeed they were suggested as monosemous.
The classification of the verb lexicon into semantic fields could brain the complete verb lexicon required by the lack of a single root verb or "unique beginner". Lyons advises a couple of roots which includes: take action, move, get, become, be, make, and Pulman suggests just be and do. You will discover circumstances that within an individual semantic field, not all verbs can be grouped as solitary unique beginner. A few of semantic fields can be suggested only by couple of unrelated trees. For example, movement verbs have two homophonous top nodes which communicate two different ideas: move 1 and move 2. They point out translational motion as well as movements without displacement. Verbs of possession belong to three concepts which are expressed by synsets give and copy, take and acquire, as well as have and hold. At the top of communication verbs you have the verb communicate but grouped into two impartial trees which share verbal and nonverbal communication. The subdomain of verbal communication divides into verbs which denote the communication of spoken and written vocabulary. Other semantic fields, the example of which will be the verbs of physical care and functions, are contains unrelated hierarchies which make a coherent semantic field due to fact that almost all of the verbs like clean, comb, shampoo, constitute, ache, atrophy opt for the same sorts of noun quarrels. Verbs of social interaction, which constitutes a coherent semantic field, add a number of varied semantic subdomains like politics (elect, depose), work (hire, subcontract, strike) and interpersonal relations (court, marry).
A large set of indications are made by the topic field codes and the ones indications show the semantic fields to which a word refers beginning with baseball and entertainment to dentistry, music etc. Some fields are large for example economics, others are narrow like cricket. Many fields are divided into subfields, for occasion accounting, banking, taxation are subfields of economics. Divisions in the subject field differ broadly in their degree of specificity and company. Therefore, there is a field which is defined as sp for sports which concerns subfields, such as archery, mountaineering, etc. However, the majority of what people discover as sports activities have different field-labels. It really is similar situation with other areas such as games, arts, sports, characteristics, transfer, information, etc. Some fields or subfields are cross-classified regarding the these broader areas. Therefore, it is clear that the hunting and angling field with subfields as fisheries, falconry, etc. are not only positioned in the activities area but also in the nature area.
Perception is developed by five elements which are: vision, ability to hear, touch, smell as well as preference. To verbs of conception belong for example: see, look, notice, listen, sound, smell, touch, dropped, taste and they can be split into three groups. This classification is based on semantic role which a topic plays. Among these communities constitute those verbs which effect on peoples' senses without their will, for illustration, Peter saw the birds; Peter heard the birds; Peter noticed a stone under his foot. In these cases, a subject cannot control what he see, hear or feel. Different things are here experienced by organs that happen to be: eye, ears, skin, nasal area and tastebuds. These verbs which belong to this group, namely see, notice, smell, feel and preference are called differently, for example: 'passive belief', 'cognition' or 'interior conception'. Another group of verbs of notion are called 'active understanding verbs' and a subject is able to control what he experience with senses, for example: Peter viewed the birds; Peter listened to the birds; Peter thought the cloth. Those verbs which may be became a member of with an adverb are effective verbs, while those verbs to which an adverb cannot be added are defined as passive. Example of this are subsequent phrases: Jane was intentionally listened to music and Jane deliberately read the music which cannot happen. One more group of verbs are those in which a subject matter is the stimuli of the belief, for example: Peter appeared happy; Peter sounded happy; The cloth felt soft. Verbs from this group can be called 'flip verbs' or 'stimulus subject matter'.
The term 'inert' in band of 'verbs of inert conception', feel, hear, see, smell and flavor, can be utilized to be able to distinguish notion of the type which depends upon see, where the perceiver participates this activity passively from the type of take a look at when the thing draws attention of the perceiver actively. Verbs feel, style and smell can be used also to point 'active notion'.
To 'verbs of bodily feeling' belong verbs: ache, feel, harm, itch, tingle, etc. Any perceptible change of interpretation takes place between sentences: I feel great and I am sense great or between phrases: My knee hurts and My knee is harming.
Another band of notion verbs includes those that object of understanding constitutes the grammatical subject. For example, That appears like Martha's voice or You look tired. See and hear are became a member of by different verbs that are look and audio, and the three verbs smell, flavour and feel are being used for the excess meaning.
See verbs which include: detect, discern, feel, listen to, notice, see, sense, smell and flavor indicate the genuine notion of some unit. The perceiver is a subject and that what is perceived is a direct object. Another group of verbs constitute sight verbs such as: decry, discover, espy, examine, attention, glimpse, inspect, investigate, note, monitor, overhear, perceive, acknowledge, respect, savor, scan, scent, scrutinize, sight, place, spy, study, study, view, watch and witness. In this band of verbs of conception the perceiver is a topic and that what's perceived is a direct object, similarly like in see verbs. Peer verbs constitute another group which includes verbs like check (on), gape, gawk, gaze, glimpse, glare, goggle, leer, hear (to), look, ogle, peek, peep, peer, sniff, snoop (on), squint and stare. These verbs do not concern the apprehension of something through a sense because it is possible for you to definitely look at something rather than experiencing it. All verbs in this group include eyesight aside from sniff and listen. Stimulus Subject Conception Verbs include: feel, look, smell, audio and taste. In these verbs the perceiver is not a subject which occurs in the other verbs of understanding. Verbs of belief have two functions. Firstly, there is a Perceiver (a people), who, discovers something about the Impression. People's sight are those organs of sense which allow to gather more info than other senses and the ones verbs which make reference to vision are: see, watch, look (at), stare (at), peep (at), examine. Verbs notice and hear (to) are the only verbs which make reference to audition, while feel, smell and preference are those verbs which reveal other individual senses. There is also a group of verbs which not only make reference to something that is seen, but also to other senses. Verbs which belong to this group are for example: notice, recognize and study, in sentences: I observed, on tasting it, that he'd put in too much curry powder; She known John's voice; He is studying the many smells stated in Thai kitchen.
There are some subtypes of verbs of belief. The first one is see subtype which concerns immediate description associated with an act of notion and verbs which participate in this group are: see, notice, smell, flavour, feel. Other verbs that can be also assigned here, are observe which signifies something occurring, notice which shows seeing or experiencing something from the backdrop, as well as perceive, which refers to the precise thing, state or event from the backdrop. Another group is show subtype and it describes in what way one individual helps someone else to an work of belief. Show is the primary verb in this subtype and it is lexical causative of verbs see, notice and watch. In this connection there's a Causer and a Perceiver or Impression, for instance: John found the booklet and showed it to Mary; John helped bring Mary over and showed her the book. Every time a verb show has NPs which realize all tasks it indicates visual perception, for example, a sentence John showed the parrot to Mary means that she not heard it but found it. However, when the Impression is a complement clause a verb show means that eye or ears were used, for case, John exhibited Mary how to fix a fuse which suggests that Mary observed John while he did it, or John confirmed Mary steps to make a uvular trill which signifies that Mary noticed the sound made by John. A verb demonstrate is in such cases a synonym of your verb show. Next group is recognize subtype which suggests some perception and knowing what kind of conception it is. Verbs in this subtype are recognize and place. Yet another subtype is discover subtype which concerns something was not evident at the start but later, for example, a verb discover which reveals perceiving something for the first time, or a verb find this means perceiving something that was viewed or something familiar. The witness subtype is another group and implies some observations of distinct product of activity in which witness occurs as the one member. Another subtype is look and it identifies the Perceiver who aspires his attention to be able to sign up for with some Impression. In this group are following verbs: look (at), pay attention (to) and also stare (at), glare (at), peep (at), peer (at), squint (at), eavesdrop (on), search (for), look (for), hunt (for), inspect, research, investigate, scan, scrutinise, examine, check, view, explore, study, visit. Next group is watch subtype which is similar to the previous one but indicating deliberate understanding over a period. A verb watch is the only person which belongs to the subtype. This can be showed by pursuing cases: I observed John eat his supper instead of I viewed John eat his evening meal. A verb listen (to) has two meaning, one of them can be compared with look (at), for case, Look at this picture!; Pay attention to this noises behind the skirting!, and another that can be compared with watch, for example, I listened to John say his prayers. Other verbs which participate in those pertaining to attention are ignore, disregard, overlook, pass over which show the Perceiver who is not in contact with an impression. These verbs are transitive plus they have NP or ing complement clause, for example, She strolled by and ignored my waving at her. Verbs look and disappear are intransitive and they indicates the feeling which is or is not accessible to the visible attention of a Perceiver that can be incorporated with a verb appear and marked by preposition to, for case, An angel appeared to Mary, however, it can't be said that The angel vanished from Mary instead of The angel disappeared from the field. Other intransitive verbs are look, sound, smell, flavour as well as feel. They support the Impression but the Perceiver can be also added and marked by preposition to, for illustration, This violin appears to be good (if you ask me) (now that it has been tuned); That fowl tasted really lovely (to all or any folks). Verbs flavor, smell and feel have indistinguishable form as the equivalent transitive verb, for example, She thought the fur; It felt soft and silky (to her. A verb look which is transitive suits with verbs see and appearance (at) which can be transitive, for example, He noticed/looked at the painting; The painting looks good. A verb sound is the only person which does not participate in a corresponding transitive verb from the type which other discussed verbs belong to. Verbs such as see, check out, stare at are those that express visual perception, however, there are as well other expressions which make reference to visual understanding, for example, far-seeing, blind, apparent, light, dark, illuminate. It demonstrates semantic field of visual understanding includes the perceiver's property, like far-seeing, blind; property of what's perceived, like visible, dark, light; which what causes perception, like illuminate, darken, dazzle. Those expressions which make reference to visual belief are divided into four groups which can be following: transitive verbs and also intransitive verbs with preposition, which signify visual notion in form of relationship; adjectives; intransitive verbs which indicate properties of the perceiver or that what is perceived; and transitive verbs which presuppose what causes the relation, the perceiver which what is identified.
A verb see is the example of verbs which are being used frequently in English. One of its metaphorical meanings is a verb understand which sense which concerns a verb see as understand or know is much more frequently used than the sense which concerns aesthetic belief, for example, I see what you imply; They've seen the idea at last! There are a few group which include a verb see and its different meanings. The first so this means of see is perceiving with the sight, for occasion, Ravina neither noticed nor read the boat procedure. The second so this means concerns understanding, realizing, grasping, comprehending, for example, I don't see why participating in the piano should be considered an intellectual quest. Another sense of see is to consider, judge, respect, view, think of, for example, He recognizes things differently given that signed up with the management. Another so this means is experiencing, going through, for case, You and I've certainly seen some good times together. Next sense of any verb see concerns learning, verifying, ascertaining, taking care and attention, making sure, for example, Let's see what's on the air. Turn it on, do you want to. One more interpretation is meeting, going to, consulting, receiving, getting on badly, going out with, accompanying, escorting, for example, This is actually the first time, he's gone to see us since he proceeded to go blind. The verb see when has a interpretation of the verb meet implies that it generally does not concern only viewing someone but also making a scheduled appointment, like in a sentence: I'll see you at seven. Next meaning of see includes making sure, attending to, guaranteeing, caring for, for example, Don't be concerned about burning up the rest of the food: the children will see compared to that. Another interpretation is escorting, associated, choosing, for example, I really should see you home, it's not safe to be out by themselves in this city after dark. Next interpretation of see concerns taking leave off, mailing off, for illustration, "I wanted to come and see you off", he had told her, Among other meanings which a verb see can have is foreseeing, for example: I can see exactly what will happen unless you help which shows that it is possible to foresee what will happen before it occurs. Another so this means is imagining or visualizing of something. It concerns a situation which does not occur the truth is but only in our imagination, for example: I can't see him as a teacher. Yet another meaning that your verb see can have is revising, learning, for instance: I must observe how I correct it. The verb see in sense of acquiring means a one who is visited by someone else wants to get some good information or advice, like in a phrase: The doctor will see you now. The verb see in meaning of to go out with indicates that it is had a need to show some time frame in order to indicate clearly what time period occurs in a sentence, for example: They are seeing one another for year. Meaning of the verb see which gets on terribly requires utilizing a negation to be able to indicate that people who be a part of some event don't get on well, for illustration: They can't see each other. Other so this means of the verb see includes witnessing which matter mainly somebody who is looking but not in literal way, for example: He has seen much unhappiness in this life. Next interpretation which can be done to the verb see concerns referring to something, for example: Persons considering the book's record should see site one of the preface. The verb see can have also other meanings, like escorting in which someone is associated another person, for example: I'm discovering Nelly home. The verb see can be perceived as similar to those verbs which have similar so this means or similar supplement types. Such verbs are: consider, know, understand and realize. There are some similarities between verbs see and understand which show that the sense of see is definitely an exemplory case of the sense of understand. Relating to Alm-Arvius this sense of see can be particular as an in depth synonym of understand, realize as well as grasp. Verbs see, realize, understand and know are factive, while a verb believe is not. Based on following examples of phrases: Peter observed/realized/understood/knew that he was in peril and Peter didn't see/realize/understand/know that he was in danger it can be said that that clause can be defined as a fact, not as proposition. A verb believe, however, will not suggest that that clause supplement contains a fact in itself. These examples implies that verbs see and understand are extremely similar. The verb see, when it has a that clause supplement proves that it has a sense of the verb understand which can be stated based on paraphrase, for example, a better paraphrase of any phrase: Jane found that Peter was right and Mummy was incorrect is Jane understood that Peter was right and Mummy was wrong than Jane knew that Peter was right and Mummy was incorrect. The verb understand can be used as well to paraphrase apparent things, for case, I am aware from what I read within the paper that the federal government is on the ropes can be paraphrased by Jane saw in the paper that the federal government was on the ropes. The verb know can't be utilization in this framework.