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The Non Directive Counselling Psychology Essay

The psychologist Carl Rogers first developed person-centred remedy techniques in the 1940s and 1950s. Therefore, it is sometimes called "Rogerian" psychotherapy. PCT is generally considered one of the major types of psychotherapy, some of the other styles being psychodynamic remedy, psychoanalytic or Freudian therapy, existential remedy, and cognitive-behavioural.

As cited in (Mearns, 2003, p. 90) "in a very meaningful sense, therapy is diagnosis, and this diagnosis a process which goes on in the knowledge of your client, rather than in the intellect of the clinician"(Roger, 1951, p. 223)

In the person-centred therapy approach, there are considered to be six important conditions that are believed to act jointly to allow positive change in the client. The first condition is the lifestyle of an optimistic relationship between the therapist and your client, which is looked upon by both to be important. The next condition is termed customer incongruence. Which means that there is a discrepancy between the client's encounters and his / her self-image. The 3rd condition for person-centred remedy is that the therapist must be congruent. Which means that the therapist must be really involved in the therapeutic romantic relationship and able to draw on his / her own experiences to be able to empathize with the client and build the partnership. The fourth condition, and perhaps the most essential, is Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR), whereby the therapist shows a genuine, non-judgmental, and unconditional popularity of the client.

The fifth condition is empathic understanding of your client by the therapist. Effectively empathizing with your client is an essential way in which is the therapist able to communicate unconditional regard to the client. Finally, the 6th condition for successful person-centred remedy is that your client is able to perceive the empathy and unconditional popularity offered by the therapist.

A person-centred therapy session is often shipped in a one-to-one setting up, but person-centred group therapy is also possible. In group therapy of this kind, the first choice of the group is in charge of creating an atmosphere of trust. Another variant on the person-centred therapy approach includes certain styles of play remedy, often utilized with young children.

Active Listening

This person-centred technique includes hearing what the client says and then rephrasing the affirmation back to your client to be able to help describe his emotions to him. While repeating this, the counsellor should find out about information that the client reveals in order to bring out the thoughts of the declaration. Active being attentive allows the client to feel noticed by the therapist. This creates a secure romance between the counselor and your client.

Non-Directive Counseling

In this person-centred procedure the counselor will not bring any new information in to the therapeutic romance. Instead, by requesting questions the counselor allows the client to come quickly to terms along with his own conclusions. The counselor will not do any interpretation of the dialog but rather lets your client interpret his own thoughts and feelings.


At the end of the treatment, the counselor should paraphrase with the client. Which means that the counselor simply restates everything talked about during the time. Once the counselor restates a set of items discussed during the session he should then ask the client what he would like to focus on. This allows your client to truly have a focus for the next week.


An important approach in person-centred therapy is the encouragement of self-actualization. This means that the therapist targets the strengths of the client alternatively than his weaknesses. The therapist would use this technique by motivating the client in the work that he completed during the session and every other positive decisions made throughout the week.

Unconditional Positive Regard

According to KnappFamilyCounseling. com, this system means that the therapist allows your client completely without making any judgments about him. In order for the client-centred strategy to work, the client must feel comfortable in the restorative relationship. The therapist communicates unconditional positive regard by staying away from advice and tuning in without interruption.


An effective person-centred counselling strategy requires the strategy of empathy. This implies the therapist will need to have the ability to understand and talk about the thoughts of his client. The therapist can share empathy through eyesight contact, body posture and awareness. In what of Rogers (1975), exact empathic understanding is really as follows: "EASILY am truly available to the way life is experienced by another person. . . if I may take his or her world into mine, i quickly risk discovering life in his or her way. . . and to be evolved myself, and we all withstand change. Since we all withstand change, we have a tendency to view the other person's world only in our conditions, not in his or hers. Then we examine and examine it. We do not understand their world. But, when the therapist will understand how it truly feels to be in another person's world, without hoping or trying to investigate or evaluate it, then your therapist and your client can truly blossom and grow in that local climate. "

'The person centred strategy does not adopt the medical model to understanding psychopathology and will not make the assumption than there are specific disorders necessitating treatment. Insofar as experts in mindset and psychiatry do make his assumptionwe can easily see why the individual centred approach has become marginalisedsome person centred practitioners have indeed revelled in living on the corners, taking great satisfaction in the radical nature of the paradigm. ' (Joseph and Worsley, 2005, pg1)

Person centred remedy is currently commonly considered inadequate as a form of internal thereapy, particularly for whose with significant troubles who have intricate needs, and whom are thus seen to need a immediate or theoretically sophisticated form of intervention

Kahn contended (a) that it is impossible for a therapist to be regularly nondirective because theoretical and personal biases are unavoidable, (b) that the concentrate on the "psychology of the client" in person-centered remedy suggests "a one-person rather than two-person mindset, " and (c) that "fallible directivity may be useful. "Jerold d. bozarth

For me, person focused therapy sticks out as one of the most important in revolutionizing the route of counselling theory and practice. Roger's believed highly in the individual's capability to repair themselves. He found all humans as working toward their own actualization and not simply keeping a homoeostatic balance. He believed that the client experienced the latent or obvious ability to comprehend the areas of his / her life which were causing the problems and the capability (and tendency) to reorganize and restructure his / her relationship to life in order to go toward maturity and self-actualization. This might bring a degree of internal quality and comfort to the client. The goal of the therapist is to make an atmosphere that will accomplish this capacity to become effective alternatively than latent (Rogers 1950, p. 443).

Rogers C. R. (1950). A current formulation of customer centered therapy. Social service review. 24, 442-450.

McLeod, S. A. (2008). Person Centred Remedy. Retrieved fromhttp://www. simplypsychology. org/client-centred-therapy. html

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