Posted at 10.02.2018
The levels of clubbing and video gaming have increased in the twenty first hundred years; however the people that go out have no idea realise that they are falling sufferer to the unhidden risks of clubbing. Epilepsy and center episodes are conditions which may have been associated with stress, bad nutrition and other major causes of the conditions without realising that even the so-called fun places and devices we spend time on can be considered a danger to our lives, or the lives of an epileptic. Widely used strobe signals in the golf clubs can result in photo delicate epilepsy which is not only there to enhance the hoopla of the clubbing, but are a serious danger. The rhyme of the music in the night night clubs can also lead to severe results such as cardiac arrest. Therefore in this project we will be looking to make aware to all or any people the risks of the fun part of our own lives, typically to the teenagers who have adapted to the twenty first century design of living.
Some types of music can cause the mind to lose its symmetry between its right and kept halves, or hemispheres. It can likewise generate diminished work capabilities in adults. The precise type of beat may be at fault. The types of music that cause these effects on the brain are mostly ambitious varieties of music such as heavy rock or rap. The anapestic whip triggers the 'switching' of the brain, that is, the symmetry that is accessible between your two hemispheres of the brain is ruined. This strains the center and causes a stress to your body, weakening the muscles. (Heather, S, 2006, pg1)
The anapaestic do better than, which is the sort of rhythm found in hard rock music, may be the exact opposite rhythm to that of our heart and soul. Normally this interrupts the natural rhythm of the heart and soul, and disturbs normal heartrate and results in a stress or stress to your body. (Heather, S, 2006, pg1) Loud, overly busy music significantly escalates the heart rate and when heart rate boosts, cardiac result and resultantly blood pressure also rise. Blood pressure is elevated by sharp, repeated chords. Both consonant and dissonant chords exert a profound effect on a person's pulse and respiration. (Frederick, W, 2007, pg32)
Intense or noisy music e. g. rock, electro lead to your body's release of the deal with or flight hormones, i. e. epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol by the adrenal glands. This is followed by the constriction of the very small blood vessels and therefore the increase in the blood circulation pressure and heart rate. (Navaro, R, 2009, pg73) what sort of body reacts can be likened to the same way it reacts when under stress or pressure. Heartrate acceleration is associated with loudness, the tempo and the musical difficulty of the music that is, as the tempo raises and the music becomes louder and with the addition of several instruments comes the designated and rapid increase in circulatory and cardiac activity. (Kahn A, P, 2009, pg220)
The increase in blood pressure because of the strain brought on your body is counteracted by obstructing/inhibition of the central sympathetic outflow of the heart and soul and peripheral blood circulation. Baroreceptors have the ability to discover the changes in the vessel walls, which occurs due to the changes in the arterial pressure. The legislation occurs sequentially, from the intermediolateral cell column, to the preganglionic neurons, sympathetic ganglia, and the post ganglionic sympathetic nerves directed to the heart and soul, arterioles, veins and kidneys. This homeostatic process is known as the Baroreflex negative opinions loop which is your body's way to respond to increased blood circulation pressure. The final consequence is a decrease in blood circulation pressure and heartrate. (Fink, 2000, pg241)
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(DJ in night time membership, n. d. ) (Picture of the sound system, n. d. )
Music can have a positive effect on your body. This however does not include house, team, rave or any music with a fast beat.
Classical music can cause the heart rate (pulse) to relax to the beat of the music as the rhythm is slow and soothing. Such classical music includes that of the baroque period. As the heartrate becomes more calm so does the body, this enables for increased focus. By having a decreased heart rate someone's blood circulation pressure will reduce too, allowing for enhanced learning talents. (Anon, 2012)
Music doesn't just impact the heart rate, but also the consistency and amplitude of the brain waves. This is measured with an electroencephalogram. Aswell as effecting the respiration rate and the skins electro-mechanical resistance. So with respect to the rate of the music is determined by how the breathing rate, brain waves and the skins electric level of resistance will be damaged. Soothing music will decrease the breathing rate even though breaths which will be taken will be deep enabling increased air to be offered throughout your body. (Anon, 2012)
For our hearts to function we need oxygen and nutrients, this means that the heart keeps on conquering. The rhymatic beating of the heart and soul allows nutrients and air to be pumped around your body which ensures our survival. When there is a scarcity or no oxygen, the heart will never be in a position to function normally. This is known as a coronary attack or a heart attack. (Anon, 2012)
This happens when the coronary arteries which hold the oxygen to the center become blocked. This blockage can be credited to cholesterol, excess fat and other substances that happen to be known collectively as plaque. Creating the arteries to be heavy and hard. That is known as atherosclerosis. (Anon, 2012)
This plaque is dangerous in many ways one of these being that the plaque can break in the coronary artery triggering a blood clot in this area. This blood clot blocks the coronary artery, chopping off the blood supply to the heart. This is known as an ischemia. During this blockage if any damage or loss of life of any area of the heart and soul muscle has happened during an ischemia this is known as myocardial infarction (MI). (Anon, 2012)
There can also be an blockage in the artery apart from a blockage leading to a coronary attack. (Anon, 2012)
(With a few of all these heart disorders such as atherosclerosis, there are no symptoms as your body has paid out for the narrowing of the coronary arteries by widening other arteries. ) (Anon, 2012)
An angina strike can often be lost for a coronary attack. An angina pectoris is when the patient feels a well-defined pain in his/her torso. This will not cause any damage to the heart muscle whereas a heart attack does indeed. An angina pectoris occurs normally during exercise or emotional pain leading to the patients' blood circulation pressure to increase beyond normal. (Anon, 2012)
Other causes of a coronary attack can be considered a spasm in the coronary artery obstructing the blood circulation flow for the center muscle hindering the oxygen and vital supply of nutrition to the center. The reason for the spasm is unfamiliar and can occur in an standard artery or in the one which has a blockage. When the spasm is severe this can lead to a coronary attack. (Anon, 2012)
Cardiac arrest is when there can be an abnormal pulse. This is just a little different to a heart attack because it is due to the hearts electronic system. That is when the electrical system malfunctions. Cardiac arrest sometimes known as immediate cardiac death SCD is when there can be an abnormal heartbeat, Arrhymias. Most popular is ventricular fibrillation; this is when the lower chambers of the center stop pumping blood. Death will occur in a few minutes if CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) or utilizing a defibrillator to restore the normal heart beat. (Anon, 2012)
Warning indicators of a heart attack:
Discomfort in the upper body regions
Dyspnoea - shortness of breath
Fatigue - light headed
Palpitations - heart and soul heating fast
Risk factors which promote heart disease:
Diet high in saturated fats
Elevated cholesterol levels
Obesity (Anon, 2012)
Treatment of the heart attack may be both operative and non-surgical. The type of treatment given to a heart attack patient depends on the kind of coronary attack they suffer from and treatment window (span of time) in which treatment may be offered. Because only a few hospitals offer 24 hour percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) methods, clot-dissolving medication is utilized to reopen arteries which may be blocked. Such medication may well not be used on patients with neurological disorders, pregnant patients, patients who've experienced major surgery or stress in the past 6 weeks and patients who had been vomiting blood vessels. (Amy and Elliot, 2006)
Should a doctor decide a patient needs an angioplasty, artery blockages will be viewed with an angiogram (an x-ray of the heart's arteries) in a catheterization laboratory. A PCI is then performed with a cardiologist, in which the patient will stay awake throughout the complete procedure. During this procedure your skin is numbed, and a needle is inserted through the skin and a catheter and a soft-tipped guide wire are threaded into the aorta, and then into the heart and soul using the needle. The catheter suggestion is approved through the arteries that move the bloodstream to the center. Once the catheter is in place, a dye is injected in to the center vessels to make any blockages obvious on x-ray. A tiny balloon on the tip of the catheter is inflated to unblock the artery. After the method, a stent is placed where in fact the blockage was. The stent is will remain completely in the heart and may in some cases little by little release medication as time passes which prevents the progress of scar tissue and also prevents the forming of clots on that site. The healing process may then take place in the coronary attention unit which is an intensive care unit, where the patient will be checked with ECG's, blood tests and usual checkups 24 hours every day. (Anon. , 2012)
Antiplatelet medication is approved to patients with recently inserted stents. This medication is important to prevent clotting in the stents. This medication must be taken by the individual for at least twelve months. If an individual puts a stop to taking the medication too soon it may lead to a clot that could block the flow of bloodstream through the stent resulting in another coronary attack. Medication such as beta-blockers, aspirin and statin may also be recommended by the cardiologist to avoid future heart problems.
In the function that non-surgical treatment is preferred by the physician, medication can be given to the patient. The medication is employed to avoid future bloodstream clots, split up existing clots, prevent platelets from gathering and sticking with the plaque, stabilize the plaque, and stop any blood circulation restrictions to cells in the torso. To be able to decrease the damage that the center muscle can go through it is essential that the medication is given within thirty minutes from when the heart attack symptoms took place. (Anon. , 2012)
Medication used in coronary attack treatment includes:
thrombolytic therapy ("clot busters")
other antiplatelet drugs
Should an individual have significantly more than 3 clogged arteries, coronary artery bypass surgery is usually advised.
Coronary artery bypass surgery
This type of surgery can be used to improve the flow of blood to the center in people with severe coronary artery disease that sets them in the risk of experiencing a coronary attack. During this surgery a clogged coronary artery and a healthy vein or artery are became a member of together to be able to enhance the flow of blood and air to the heart. 85% of those who undergo this surgery are in a less risk of having future heart and soul disorders, they experience fewer symptoms, plus they have a lesser chance of dying within a decade following the surgery. There will vary types of coronary artery bypass surgery. (Anon. , 2012). These include:-
Traditional coronary artery bypass surgery
This is the most typical type of bypass surgery and is conducted whenever a bypass is necessary on at least one major artery. In this procedure, the upper body is opened; revealing the heart and soul and medication is utilized to avoid the heart until the end of the procedure. The heart is handled on whilst a heart-lung machine is utilized to pump blood vessels around the body, not depleting the air supply throughout the whole body. Electric shocks are being used to start out the heart again after the surgery. (Anon. , 2012)
Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery
This type of surgery is also available center surgery and is comparable to the traditional coronary artery bypass surgery. The difference is usually that the heart is not stopped which reduces the recovery time and also reduces the number of complications that might occur after and during surgery. (Anon. , 2012)
Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery
This type of surgery is comparable to the off-pump bypass surgery, except it isn't open heart surgery. It is utilized to bypass the vessels in anterior of the heart and soul. it isn't widely used as it is a fresh procedure and it is utilized in cases where more than two arteries will be bypassed. The procedure itself is one in which small incision are made in-between the ribs on the still left hand area of your body to gain access to the vessels. (Anon. , 2012)
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This is a term used to explain condition where an individual has recurring seizures of also called fits. These arise when there's a disruption in the emails being relayed across the brain between brain skin cells producing a combine up or a total halt of information in the brain. These seizures happen when you can find too much quick brain activity. Every individual who have epileptic fits experiences then in a manner that is exclusive to them, this is because there are different types of seizures and the kind of seizure experienced will depend the positioning of the epileptic activity, how vast and how fast in the brain the epileptic activity spreads. (Anon, 2012)
The reason behind a few of the epileptic syndromes is unidentified while for others it can be hereditary. The type of epilepsy syndrome is usually detailed corresponding to its symptoms or where in the brain it occurs. There are many different types of epilepsy syndromes some of which start in infancy, while others begin in adulthood. Some stop during adolescence or early on adulthood whilst others are serious. (Anon, 2012)
Different types of epilepsy
In the event that epileptic seizures are caused by flickering signals or flashing lights, it is known as photosensitive epilepsy. In this kind of epilepsy, natural or man-made lights and checked or striped habits may also result in the seizures happening. The seizure occurs during or soon after the individual has been exposed to the cause. This sort of epilepsy usually occurs to individuals between the age groups of 7 and 19 and it impacts more young boys than women. (Anon, 2012)
This type of epilepsy is usually hereditary and starts from infancy to adolescence. Individuals with this kind of epilepsy experience absence seizures that happen repeatedly. During the seizures individuals have reported symptoms like a jerking arm or speedily blinking sight, whilst others have reported no symptoms by any means except for sensing "out of it". These symptoms haven't any effect on an individual's intellect; however, they could have an effect on learning a college or day to day activities if they appear. (Anon 2012)
With this kind of epilepsy, during seizures individuals experience weird emotions, sensations and behaviour. Its name is utilized to describe partial seizures that keep developing in the temporal lobe of the brain.
Occipital lobe epilepsy
This kind of epilepsy is comparable to temporal and frontal lobe epilepsy, nonetheless it usually commences with rapid vision blinking, individuals visualizing hallucinations and/other symptoms that have regarding the eye. (Anon, 2012)
Frontal lobe epilepsy
This type of epilepsy has many types of its kind which can be described matching to where in the frontal lobe they could occur. It explains a reoccurrence of short seizures which may abruptly stop or commence at any moment with time. (Anon, 2012)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)
This type of epilepsy is the most typical with partial sezuires. it could cause memory damage and make learning difficult as it causes a structure in the brain called the hippocampus to reduce. This structure is vital for learning and recollection. Although the damage which may be brought on by temporal lobe seizures might take years to occur, it is advised that it is treated early so when effectively as is possible to prevent and further damage that may occur. (Anon, 2012)
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
This type of epilepsy is long-term and doesn't always commence in youth, however once a person has it they need to live with it for the others of their lives. An example of this type of epilepsy is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome type II which commences in the first adulthood and triggers muscle coordination to be reduced, seizures and reduces the abilities to learn, keep in mind, pay attention and solve problems. (Anon, 2012)
This kind of epilepsy commences in childhood. It has many symptoms which include sudden comes or drop attacks during seizures called atonic seizures. It is very difficult to take care of and is also also very severe. (Anon, 2012)
Individual strobes or small groups of strobes have been found in entertainment venues for a long time. They even became a symbol or signal of nighttime fun, because the majority of the night night clubs use strobe lighting and noisy music to heat the fun, without noticing or paying attention that this brought on epileptic seizures known as photosensitive epilepsy. Photosensitive epilepsy has been known and examined for many years. Many people are unaware that they are very sensitive to flickering lamps or even to certain types of patterns until they have a seizure. They could never continue to develop epilepsy, which is seen as a repeated spontaneous seizures, though a seizure may be prompted by certain photic conditions. Many those who are disturbed by light publicity do not develop seizures but experience other symptoms such as headache, nausea, dizziness plus more. Photosensitive epilepsy is more common in children and adolescents, especially people that have generalized epilepsy, in particular juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. It becomes less consistent with years, with relatively few instances in the mid-twenties. Seemingly, there is extensive body of knowledge relative to strobes and photosensitive epilepsy. Criteria exist about the use of strobes in signalling applications such for hearth alarms. (Anon, 2012)
It should be observed that it is not the "strobe" this is the problem; any light flashing at the noted frequencies may be a problem to photosensitive people. Seizures may be activated by exposure to television displays (flickering and moving of pictures), to computer monitors, to certain video games or Television broadcasts containing quick flashes or alternating habits of different colors, and to strong strobe lighting like visual flame alarms. (Harding, 2008)
In the U. S. society stats show that less than 5% of these who suffer from epilepsy are photosensitive. Which means that roughly one in 4, 000 individuals suffer from this - significantly less than 100, 000 in the U. S. inhabitants. There exists high opportunity that even in other countries the same stats still stands, but the characteristics of every individual's susceptibility are unique this implies there could a great variety on seriousness of the problem. It is well tackled in articles that the number of 15 to 20 Hz is of greatest matter; however a lot of people are susceptible to flashing equipment and lighting as sluggish as 5 Hz plus some up to 84 Hz as folks are susceptible to in various ways. (Anon, 2012)
People should check with their doctors if they're concerned about blinking equipment and lighting triggering seizures. Chances are that the medical information will indicate how you responded to flashing lights during the electroencephalogram (EEG), a test done routinely in most people with epilepsy. During this test, sensors are attached to the patient's head to keep an eye on the electro-mechanical activity of the mind in a variety of conditions, including light arousal generated with a strobe situated in front of the sight. An abnormal response when the patient is exposed to various frequencies of blinking lights reveals the occurrence of photosensitivity. (Anon, 2012)
Ways that could assist in preventing the triggering of the conditions.
Avoid contact with certain types of flashing equipment and lighting; and
Cover one eyesight and turn away from the direct light source when in the occurrence of flashing lamps.
General tips proposed by the Epilepsy Base Organisation in the us to reduce the probability of causing epileptic seizures. (Anon, 2012)
Visual Fire Security alarm Strobe Lamps:
In most workplaces and places serving the public, including theatres, restaurants, and entertainment areas, are required to have flames alarms, which flash as well as engagement ring so that folks who cannot notice or cannot hear well will know that there surely is a crisis.
To decrease the likelihood of the strobe light triggering a seizure, the Epilepsy Foundation's professional advisory panel recommends that
the adobe flash rate be kept to under 2 Hertz with breaks every so often between flashes; and
flashing lights should be put far away from one another and established to flash together at the same time to avoid an increase in the amount of specific flashes. (Anon, 2012)
Watch tv set in a well-lit room to reduce the compare between light from the collection and light in the area.
Reduce the brightness of the display screen.
Keep as way back again from the display as is possible.
Use the remote control to change channels on the TV and that means you won't need to get too near to the place.
Avoid enjoying for long periods of time.
Wear polarized sunglasses while viewing television to lessen glare. (Anon, 2012)
Sit at least 2 foot from the screen in a well-lit room.
Reduce the lighting of the display screen.
Do not let children play videogames if they are tired.
Take recurrent breaks from the game titles and look away from the display every occasionally. Usually do not close and open up eyes while looking at the display - blinking may accomplish seizures in sensitive individuals.
Cover one eyeball while participating in; alternating which eye is covered at regular intervals.
Turn the game off if bizarre or unusual thoughts or body jerks develop. (Anon, 2012)
Use a flicker-free keep an eye on (LCD display or flat screen).
Use a monitor glare safeguard.
Wear non-glare spectacles to lessen glare from the screen.
Take consistent breaks from tasks relating to the computer. (Anon, 2012)
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(Strobe lamps, 2012)
Normally the mind controls the functions of the body, either by interpreting electric text messages from sensory nerves or by creating electrical impulses for transmission down the motor unit nerves to the muscles. This normal electrical power activity can be assessed by taking an Electroencephalogram (EEG), using a musical instrument called an Electroencephalograph. The EEG does not provide a sure diagnose of Epilepsy. (Encyclopaedia of family health)
http://www. drugs. com/health-guide/images/205052. jpg(Neurology, 2012)
During an Epileptic episode, the electronic impulses noted by the EEG boosts in voltage and regularity, so that what appeared to be a reasonably bought pattern of electric powered activity becomes frenzied. The strike usually starts at one place and then spreads as the works with develops to involve the complete brain. (Encyclopaedia of family Health)
When there are disordered electric activities over the complete brain, the attack which seldom continues more than a minute or two may commence with a patient experiencing a odd discomfort or an odd unreal smell and a happening called the "Dej vu". This stage of the assault is known as Aura, followed immediately by the tonic seizure, during which the muscles contract and remain contracted, the individual manages to lose control and comes rigid to the bottom. Patient shouts and moves into the Clonic period, when the legs and arms twitch and the breathing is held. Inside the clonic and tonic stages the patient will feel baffled and drowsy and may sleep. Paralysis will then develop in a single or more limbs and last for an hour or more. (Encyclopaedia of family health)
Seizures are called petit mal. The child does not collapse but loses touch with the entire world for a couple of seconds, results in misunderstandings and forgetful. When the Seizure attacks the kid when they are speaking, she or he will all of the sudden stop for a couple of moments then continue as if nothing happened. The kid is unacquainted with the problems. (Encyclopaedia of family health)
It is important to learn that it's not possible to stop the strike, but beneficial to protect the person having this attack from damage. Here's what to do if someone comes with an Epileptic Seizure:
Ensure that the individual cannot bang his or her limbs against any hard furniture, and keep him or her well from any fireplace. A child should not be left alone until the attack has ended.
Do not try to push anything in to the patient's mouth or to induce the jaws wide open. The jaws are powerfully clenched, and it is possible to cause an injury by looking to start them.
When the fit has ended, turn the individual softly onto one aspect and loosen his or her clothes on the neck of the guitar so that there surely is no difficulty in deep breathing.
If the fit has occurred in an unsafe place, get the patient to safe practices quickly.
If someone in the family has a fit for the first time, supply the Doctor a careful, detailed bank account of what took place during the episode and right before it. This can help the Doctor make the right diagnosis.
A child who have a convulsion because of high fever shouldn't be kept warm. Remove blankets and heavy clothing, and if temperature rises above 39. 40C, sponge the patient all over with tepid water until it comes down to 38. 80C. (Encyclopaedia of family health)
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(Medical issues seizures, n. d. )
As is the truth with all seizures, photosensitive seizures are usually cared for with drugs known as anticonvulsants. Anticonvulsants refer to several diverse pharmaceutical products which are used in both the prevention and the treatment of epilepsy. In photosensitive epilepsy, Sodium Valproate is the recommended treatment. Sodium Valproate works to avoid an excessive amount of electronic activity in the mind, thus calming the mind and preventing the incident of matches. Chemicals known as neurotransmitters are stored in nerve cells. Their function is to transmit messages between your nerve skin cells. GABA, is a neurotransmitter that works to calm the nerves, its function is to maintain a balance of the nerve activity in the mind. Sodium Valproate works to boost the creation of the neurotransmitter GABA in the mind preventing the break down of this neurotransmitter, in the end this leads to the stabilising of the electric powered nerve activity and reaching the desired restorative outcome, avoiding seizures. These drugs cannot completely cure epilepsy but through their use, by purely following the approved drug strategy, epilepsy may be controlled and prevented. (Anon, 2008)
Although antiepileptic drugs are the most common methods of treatment of epilepsy, but they may not continually be effective. Other ways of treatment of epilepsy include:
Vagus Nerve Stimulation: The treatment works by mailing light impulses of energy to the mind, via the Vagus nerve via an implanted device (Anon, 2007). This is a treatment used as an option for patients who've tried out several anti-epileptic drugs and still have not were able to gain satisfactory control of their seizures. This treatment is utilized in conjunction with anti-epileptic drugs. The vagus nerve excitement does not act as an upgraded for the drugs the individual is being implemented, it works to aid the drugs thus obtaining a better therapeutic response from the patient. Vagus nerve excitement may also take up to 2 yrs with an influence on a patients seizures, but if the treatment is effective, the patient may be permitted to reduce their anti-epileptic dosages over time. The purpose of vagus nerve excitement is to lessen the number of seizures, the length of the seizures and the severe nature of the seizures in a patient. It must be remembered though that the procedure has a wide range of side results.
Diet: The ketogenic diet. Ketogenic gets the meaning, keto this means ketones and genic meaning producing, thus ketone producing. The dietary plan is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet (Dr. Eric Kossoff, 2006). The formation of ketones is because the body using unwanted fat as its power source. With the decrease in the intake of carbohydrates, the systems usual energy source, the body runs on the fat as an alternative energy source, thus giving climb to ketone creation in the body and ultimately resulting in better seizure control.
Surgery: this treatment is utilized when epilepsy can't be controlled in the individual with medication use. There is absolutely no promise though that the surgery will impact the patient. The aim of the surgery is to eliminate the broken brain tissue in order to effectively stop the seizures (Anon, 2012).
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(Sodium Valporate, n. d. )
Due to the high increase of epilepsy and heart and soul episodes it is essential that understanding about the causes of these conditions should be produced available. Epileptic patients should wear medical ID bracelets, making it simpler to identify what could be occurring to them during seizures. Light rules should be put in place in all night clubs, reducing the acceleration of the strobe equipment and lighting, therefore lowering the chance of epileptic seizures. A range of treatment plans exist for individuals who have photosensitive epilepsy, but there is absolutely no absolute cure for the condition, therefore awareness takes on a essential role in precaution and therefore prevention of the epileptic attacks. With regards to the aftereffect of the upbeat music genres on the center and other bodily processes, the best way to curb this is to minimise vulnerability. This may only be achieved through people taking initiative to avoid slipping victim to a health hazard which could have usually been avoided. Legislation of the quantities of the music can be another way to lower the potential risks, as well as avoiding increasing the tempo of the music as is usually the case. Places participating in heavy metal music should be avoided at all costs. One can even go on and wear tones to avoid immediate vulnerability of the eye to the strobe equipment and lighting.