Richard III was compiled by William Shakespeare and says the storyplot of how Richard desires to become ruler and does everything in his capacity to get there by assassinating people of his family to do so, for example, the Duke of Clarence, Lord Hastings, Girl Anne, Lord Rivers, the Duke of Buckingham, Henry VI, Prince Edward, Prince Edward V and Prince Richard. In the following written piece, I will discuss the significance of dreams in the play and how they are simply related to the motif of the supernatural.
Although today's audience would find the motif of the supernatural in Richard III very peculiar and would react to it very in a different way we have to keep in head that play was written through the Renaissance period in which people were very superstitious and Britain on a whole was an exceptionally spiritual country; people presumed in both God and the Devil and Heaven and Hell. In addition they thought in the supernatural, prophecies, curses and therefore the events covered within Richard III must have seemed very real to a Shakespearean audience.
The motif of the supernatural which is an extremely important aspect of the play consists of ghosts, dreams, Margaret's prophetic curses, the allegations of witchcraft Richard levels at Elizabeth and mistress Shoreline and the continual connection of Richard with devils and demons (for example, he's often called a hellhound). Shakespeare uses the dark facet of the supernatural to build an atmosphere of dread and gloom which fits the evil of Richard's interior self. Furthermore the motif of the supernatural helps emphasize the facet of foreboding as many a times in the play the prophetic dreams and curses become a reality giving the audience an idea of as to what is going to happen soon.
There are three main cases of dreams present in the play. These foreshadow the forthcoming incidents by displaying the similar characteristics between your aspiration itself and truth, for example, in Act 1, World 4 we tolerate witness to the to begin these three dreams. That is when Clarence is imprisoned in the tower and he dreams that he's fleeing with Richard to France, but on the ship Richard stumbles and throws Clarence overboard creating him to drown, "Methoughts which i had cracked from the Tower, and was embark'd to cross to Burgundy; and, in my company, my brother Gloucester; who from my cabin enticed me to walk after the hatches. Methought that Gloucester stumbled; and, in dropping, struck me, that considered to stay him, overboard, in to the tumbling billows of the main. " This aspiration foreshadows the longer term as in reality Clarence is stabbed and drowned in a barrel of wines by the executioners who are delivered by Richard.
The second significant desire occurs in Take action 3, World2 when Stanley receives a alert in a kind of a goal. He dreams a boar rips off his head, "the boar acquired razed his helm. " On this situation the boar represents Richard as it is his heraldic image, Stanley tries to alert Hastings but he changes deaf ears to Stanley's advice. Later on in the play, we learn that Hastings was beheaded on Richard's purchases. This reminds us the similarity between the dream and fact itself and the degree of the resemblance between your two simply helps highlight the supernatural aspect of the play.
The third & most important fantasy occurs in Action 5, Landscape 3 before Richard and Richmond leave for struggle. Here, Richard and Richmond are visited by the parade of eleven ghosts (those people who Richard acquired killed in the past). A few of these ghosts include, Prince Edward, Ruler Henry VI, Clarence, Rivers, Gray, Vaughan, Hastings, the young princes, Girl Anne and Buckingham. All of the ghosts follow a particular design - They constantly curse Richard and discourage him by declaring things such as, "Despair and Die". Alternatively, they praise and bless Richmond and encourage him by saying things like, "Live and Flourish" and they desire that he wins the struggle and ends Richard's gruesome reign. This is an extremely significant goal, as the component of foreboding is once more emphasized as true to the ghosts' expression, Richmond is victorious the battle by defeating Richard and becomes the new King of England.
To conclude, dreams are an essential area of the play as they greatly donate to the motif of the supernatural. In addition, I feel that the play is made easier for the audience by the existence of the dreams as he/she can anticipate the outcome of particular situations by analyzing these dreams which helps the audience understand the play better. The extent of accuracy of these dreams simply heightens the motif of the supernatural and I personally believe that with no presence of the dreams, the play would be imperfect.