Posted at 12.29.2018
Job research can improve management efficiency for organizations in the way of gathering a thorough intellect to provide comprehensive information of related work. It refers that offering particular job specific procedures and completing the work required determining what course to carry out (CORNELIUS, et al, 2006). Job examination includes two parts: the work description and assertion of work. Through research of the work input, change work, work outcome, work related characteristics, job resources, work environment background, and end result the forming of job research - job specification (also known as the statement of work). The work of identifying information included job requirements, job summary, job obligations and obligations, and information of certification criteria, which accomplish the use of functions for other individual source management.
Job evaluation is the basis for human resources management, the grade of its analysis for module of other real human source management has a substantial influence. Job examination is also thought as something process to recognize the skills to complete the work, responsibility and knowledge, which can be an important and common human reference management strategy (Schneider, , 2006). It is the cornerstone of most activities for individual reference management, which collects information for other human being resource management techniques, such as selection, training, performance appraisal, compensation design. Enterprises will get the issue, identify gaps through the examination of existing work, and design work to become more effectively or incentive, or undo the traditional hierarchical structure, layout, and replaced by the organizational structure of more flexible and much more liquid.
In most companies, especially small and medium companies, human resource managers a number of problems for understanding the work research: Most companies see work evaluation, job descriptions, work flow equal as the concepts of work norms, once enacted, the written staff manual system as the business system, which can not adjust in time as the business enterprise development; some departments of corporations are confusion, obligations and privileges of managers are unclear, job research is worthless; some enterprises did not have work design, the inner status defined entirely on the verbal description of the direct supervisor (Jenkins, Curtin, 2006). The reasons of the lifetime of these mistakes are that managers of these businesses do not understand the importance of the good work design and process design to help businesses gain a competitive benefit.
The role of business analysis work is: First, it can help organizations to aware the changes. Although we can simply see work as static and steady, but in simple fact, work constantly altered, people were often engaged in work who will change fine-tuning of work to change environmental conditions, or adapt habits of the individual to complete work. The reasons why problems could be going on during the process of job evaluation are due to the fact of obsolete explanation. Job research process should explore the changes for aspect of work in addition to the static definition of work.
Secondly, through a comprehensive job examination to diagnose the drawbacks of the Organization, job examination provided information of job-related that will help managers understand the work flow, organization revealed the irrationality that can help managers to redesign certain aspects, and enhance the efficiency of work.
The work professionals reject the unreasonable structure of personnel, reduce or throw away of human resources, duplication or lack of behavior through the study of staff framework and the staffing management.
Job research is also important when principal managers make analysis of the personnel performance, managers must understand each one task of the task to be completed, which process can be regarded as the overall search process for a potential problem of the organizational framework (Arthur, et al, 2005).
Meanwhile, the job examination is also the building blocks of the human resources management. Virtually all the recruiting plans or programs need to get certain types of information through the work analysis; it affects management of human resources in the next areas:
Job research and job design are intrinsically associated, through job redesign to make it more effective
-Programs of human being resources
The procedure for planning need to gain a number of information work on the skill level, and ensure enough staffing to meet the needs of proper planning within the organization
It must be decided the main obligations of job before selection of positions, and candidates must have the data, skills and ability. These details is obtained through job examination.
Trainers can obviously acknowledge what work to do for those were trained to guarantee the success of training, that training helped their work done efficiently
- Evaluation of Performance
To obtain the status information for each employee, the reason is to tell apart the good performance of employees, reward and forfeit
The individual's skills and dreams should match rising opportunities of the organization (LANDY, VASEY, 2006). For instance, some corporate and business employees leave the business for others have significantly more important jobs to catch the attention of, in fact, through this enterprise has a similar vacancies, however when the company knew it was too past due, which displays the management lack of career planning, and communication route is not smooth, and result the brain to drain.
It establishes a good pay structure through the analysis of each work. In order to determine reasonable salaries for every position, it's important to obtain home elevators the task (Goris, et al, 2000). Because the only in this way, it can determine what work should do for enterprises to gain higher profits.
Enterprises resolve the following question by job analysis: "The type of staff to complete the physical and mental activities? Work will be completed? Where the Work will be completed? how employees accomplish this? Why do this? Complete the conditions of work?
Work of the first companies should choose the right time and energy to do job examination, in general, it mainly under the next conditions: the new organizational create, the new work made an appearance, new technology, new methods, new technology or new system in the task, it cause organizational change or change, and so on.
A job examination process includes:
Before carrying out the work, it will have clearly defined objectives of job evaluation, whether job evaluation service for personnel selection, or service pay design; whether it service for personnel training, or altered interior position(Bemis, et al, 1983). Then, it make depth interviews based on the utilization of different aim for, and use different method of job analysis questionnaires, such as job evaluation, task examination checklists, work way of measuring, sorting, and so forth. Job analysis questionnaire is the most generally utilized by company, and a way of work-flow research is also regular with the work analysis questionnaire.
-collect backdrop information,
The information includes the organization chart, flow chart, the existing job explanation, normative systems and other relevant backdrop information. At the same time, it fully knows the company's circumstances, such as staff, departments, companies, and business etc. The knowledge of information and organize process will greatly increase the applicability and precision of job evaluation.
-Select work samples
It make typical business as a good representative sample of work, to begin with, it comprehensive evaluation the samples and then expanded to all businesses, aimed at improving the efficiency of job analysis
for example, before carrying out work designed, advertising agencies graphic designers should understand: the composition with their work activities under any team, it is necessary understand initially, the ownership framework determines the opportunity of work of designers and affect the content of their work, for example, designers of coding may have a totally different region of work. .
the posts design on the human capacity, profound and surface quality of the competence requirements are mainly embodied in the abilities required to get good at, have involved in the type of quality work, and basic human cooperation and exchanges with the product quality(Mathis, Jackson, 2007). At the same time, this post requires essential mother nature of computer, software, equipment, facilities, etc, in particular the work environment. Finally, it is just a measure of the performance specifications that if the designer's work can be accepted by customer, acceleration of work completed, work frame of mind, ability, methods, trained. It can prepare the next review of information through this post.
-Review of the information
The work of information researched professionals is the recruiting administrator, commissioner, immediate supervisor of work holders. It targets the type of the work, the task function.
-The most important information in prep of work instructions and job standards description is the work description and job standards. Job information is a directory list that comprised the mandate, functions and obligations (Hartley, 1999). Job specification is a website directory list a person will need to have the knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics in order to complete a particular work, which completely represent the personality characteristics, skills and work qualifications requirements. A standard job description will include the following elements: the task of recognition (also known as working name), job description, job contacts, obligations and jobs, work competence, performance expectations, working conditions, job technical specs.
Workflow analysis and design of organizational composition, affect the work results of the evaluation. It isn't right that segregated examination and design from the task of a specific organizational context. Before given specific duties to employees, it will analysis the task at first; this technique is the workflow design. Only with the full understanding work of the design process, it decides how to allocate various tasks be completed to each different job.
Job research results provides the foundation quantitative indicators for the recruitment and selection, professionals better select staff through an examination of what must be done concerning this activity, how to complete these duties requires the data, skills, Once the manager is ready to find someone to complete a vacancy, he must be correct understanding own the characteristics of this position. Meanwhile, the work analysis can also provide the basis for the remuneration of management by job evaluation results, moreover, maybe it's in line with organizational change and development. in the transformation stage, employees will feel the pressure from the organization, the manager adapt the inequality of job stress level by business examination and job redesign, it increase or lower its challenging workload. Specifically, the application of the results of job research show In the following areas:
It fundamentally rethink and redesign business processes, aiming to greatly increase the cost, quality, service and speed critical, and other genuine performance targets.
Job redesign is means re-identify the precise tasks methods to be accomplished, at exactly the same time, Job redesign regulate how the work hyperlink with each other. It achieves the hyperlink of the work mainly through job enrichment and job enhancement means. Job enrichment is deepen requirements and duties of the task in the vertical level, for example, increased work requirements, completely authorized, perform reviews skills training. Job enhancement is develop the opportunity of work in the horizontal level, more work categories for staff, it improve the performance of jobs carried out together with the entire authority.
Job analysis is an important function of individuals resource management, human being resource professionals can fully understand the various important business links and business processes of corporation and management, it contributing to human source of information management functions to truly rise to strategic position. It can better understand the value of job analysis through research of the role of businesses. It describes the procedure of job analysis which enables businesses better request of the results of job examination.