According to research, unemployment is one of the primary problems in Jamaica. In the Don Anderson poll done in-may 2008 which was publicized in the Jamaica Observer Sept 21, 2010 it was shown as the major problem to the Jamaica's monetary problems among respondents. This research intends to find the consequences of unemployment and the factors contributing to the upsurge in the unemployment rate. Unemployment creates social and political tensions which do not help culture to build wealth and established a stable political regime. Unemployment is also caused by religious, political and educational reasons. Rastafarians for examples have a hard time obtaining a job, the being successful political party does not give careers to voters or supporters of the opposing party and too little education is in charge of many people being unemployed as most careers require at least a higher institution diploma. The Daily Gleaner dated; September 07, 2008, shows that unemployment is induced by laziness and insufficient education, because careers are always being publicized in the Daily Gleaner & most times no-one arises for the position. This research newspaper will explore the many factors behind unemployment, a realization of the seriousness of the situation in the united states and suggestions as to what can be carried out to alleviate this issue.
Unemployment is thought as the talk about of a person buying a paying job however, not able to find one. A couple of various kinds of unemployment-seasonal, cyclical, everyday, scientific, structural and residual. Seasonal unemployment in this people is employed only when the season for certain types of economical activities comes around. For example in Jamaica the reaping of sugars cane or espresso and the tourist season brings high level of employment. When the growing season as handed the temporary workers revert to their express of unemployment. Everyday unemployment takes into account those who work on an on and off basis. These workers will include contract personnel, labourers and unskilled people. With changes in the economy "boom and slump" job security or instability may result. When an current economic climate is transferring through recession the unemployment rate is high. With the introduction of modern tools, a number of organizations have used the ideas and the techniques that give climb to efficiency of procedure. A whole lot of persons have lost their job with the addition of technology to the meals processing industry, security services and among clerical staff in Jamaica in recent years. When the market reveals that a demand for a specific product has lowered structural unemployment will end result. For example with the reduce demand on the world market for sugarcane, banana and bauxite several companies have stop operations.
According to Don Anderson poll in-may 2008, when his field team asked persons what worried them most about Jamaica today, 27 per cent cited unemployment, lack of job opportunities or joblessness as the principal issues. Women and older people, he said, were the ones who echoed this concern most of all, but it was a factor portrayed by all communities. "Eighteen % mention the current economic crisis and the effect it is having on the lives; eight per cent speak of poverty, not unrelated to the other two main factors, whilst four % say equally corruption, the moral malfunction in culture, and the reduced literacy level are issues of matter to them, " said Anderson.
Below is a pie chart illustrating the info from the Don Anderson poll.
The factors which donate to the major unemployment in the country are:
Rapid changes in technology
Not being experienced for the job
Lack of resources/ unavailability of jobs
Lack of capital
Attitudes towards employees
Willingness to work and doing inefficiently
Discriminating factors in the task force
Perception of employees
Changes in trade pattern
In an article published for the Gleaners website on May 18, 2012 proved that the unemployment rate spiked in January, relating to new careers data from the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN). The results of the January 2012 Labour Force Survey released in May put the unemployment rate at 14. 1 per cent, compared to 12. 9 per cent one year earlier. Some 23, 100 careers were lost this past year, according to the current survey, but not everyone kept the labour market. As the entire impact of the closure of the larger area of the bauxite industry is currently being experienced and the visitor industry decreases, we can get that this quarter and another will show steeper declines in production. The land in remittances, which has already been depressing demand for goods and services, will also serve to aggravate the downturn in outcome in several areas. For most people, what matters most about the deterioration throughout the market is its influence on the availability of jobs. Young people, in particular, who have borne the brunt of the country's weak performance in job creation over the past 30 years, are likely to be disproportionately affected. This is in the framework where the junior ( 14-24 years ) unemployment rate in 2008 of 25. 9 per cent was more than twice the entire rate of 10. 6 %, with the speed for young females being worse, at 3 x.
In articles published over the Gleaners website on Thursday Sept 6, 2012 Wayne Chen, leader of the Jamaica Employers' Federation, said there is an increasing concern regarding the higher level of unemployment among junior.
"There is no doubt that the junior unemployment rate in Jamaica is very high, " said Chen.
"We will always be worried about unemployment, but we have been particularly worried about youth unemployment since it tends to create a sense of hopelessness among new entrants throughout the market. "
Chen said he was aware that problem was a by-product of the overall economic malaise, but said there were some structural weaknesses, specifically in the regions of training and education.
"A couple of too many university leavers ill-equipped to look about their economic sustenance, " he mentioned.
"Gleam structural problem of the misalignment of our educational system with the demands of the work market. I have no doubt about the actual fact that the formal educational system by any means levels is failing woefully to properly provide our young people for the demands of a globally competitive labor force. "
Chen urged young people who are finding challenging in getting jobs in the formal job market to band together, show their skills, knowledge and know-how, and form their own companies and access funds from the countless businesses out there.
"I also urge the agencies that are billed with helping smaller businesses to help more young people convert ideas and energies into bankable business strategies, " he mentioned.
"Young person's just need to begin doing something, get creative and think beyond your box somewhat than sit around looking forward to something to occur. "
He added: "They must study the marketplace, see how many other opportunities there are and branch into areas you never considered before. Teenagers have to now start expanding that entrepreneurial skill to produce businesses of their own. "
In a letter to the editor of the Gleaner the dated August 3, 2012 a 20-year-old grapples with one of the very most severe issues that Jamaica is facing right now - UNEMPLOYMENT. This is a significant contributor to criminal offense and the indegent economy. As I see it, the problems faced in our world appear to be links in a great chain. However, in my own estimation, unemployment seems to be the greatest of most. He composed that "Unemployment is something that needs to be revisited by our nation's leaders because it is a sore that is being allowed to pass on around our island. This view is shared by a great many other young Jamaicans who have a positive mentality but have found themselves in the same situation I have found myself in. How are we going to be able to further inform ourselves if we aren't being afforded the chance to work and save towards it? The truth is that not absolutely all of us can access education loan or can depend on our parents or members of the family to support us through tertiary education. " Karl Samuda, standard secretary of the Jamaica Labour Get together believes that "unemployment is the most challenging problem facing the majority of our people especially in the inner-city areas and specifically the youth". He said that not being able to care for one's children and placing a shelter over their minds is dehumanising and incapacitating for those influenced. Mr. Samuda says that the possibility to provide jobs lays at the foundation of the country's development.
Former dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Barry Chavannes, described that unemployment is a serious problem "especially due to its chronic nature. Within the last two decades there were not enough careers to absorb people getting into the labour market. What's worrisome is the fact that it (unemployment) creates an even of indiscipline when it (unemployment) is severe. " While unemployment will not creates offense, its thought that it generates some sort of climate that offense can prosper in. Noel Cowell, lecturer in the Section of Management Studies at the University of the Western world Indies, Mona, agree that unemployment is a major problem. However, he said "We have to not only take into account those who find themselves recorded as unemployed but those who find themselves underemployed. " He argued that unemployment signifies a problem of 'worthlessness'. He believes that unemployment breeds lots of problems. As a result, he reckons that fathers are failing woefully to maintain their children because they can not stand up to their economic responsibilities. "The fact that there are so many people unemployed, we are losing effective capacity, " Dr. Cowell noted.
Rising unemployment may lead to a reduction in the source capacity of the current economic climate. If workers remain unemployed for sustained periods they may lose their skills, thus lowering their human capital. High rates of long-term unemployment throughout the market may mean there is a mismatch between those skills that personnel possess, and those for which there may be demand. Its believed that unemployment in your 20s has an enormous effect on living standards for individuals in their 50s. This includes: increased health risks, Stress or having a healthy or harmful diet, and increased risk of marital break-up. The longer the length of time of unemployment; the low the probability of finding fresh employment. Also burning off income involuntary has a major impact. Many people have major commitments such as home loan and credit agreements that land in real living criteria. Other activities being equal, the greater the amount of goods and services produced, the greater the labor required for production. Because economic growth and employment go together, regulation and taxation that discourage the operation of business will also decrease the demand for labor. Many business people are confronted with regulations that power allocation of resources away from production. Polices sometimes overlooked in their effect on unemployment are those working with occupational licensing. Unemployment also increases relative poverty in the Jamaican population the responsibility on the welfare systems goes up thus higher taxation may result.
The obvious solution to the issues of unemployment is to build more careers. Whilst the majority of the opportunities to create jobs lies in the private sector the governments also performs a important role. The government can create more jobs by directly utilizing person to deliver services. The jobs should be created on a long lasting basis on not temporarily as the failed 1st level of the Jamaica Emergency work Programme [JEEP]. Prior to the implementation of the JEEP programme many Jamaican's expected to get gainful work but these dreams were shattered when only a little cross section of Jamaicans received short-term employment. The unemployment situation can't be an instant fix as it is the singular largest public and financial problems we face. It needs the input of most stakeholders.
The solution has to take a multipronged methodology and it requires discipline by the whole society. In working with the condition of youth unemployment, we deal with the situation of offences and gangs because the recruits in these gangs and crime syndicates are the large number of idle youths. Prevention of teenage pregnancy can also reduce the unemployment level. Therefore family planning, intimacy education and positive ideals and attitude should be trained in schools. Education of our kids should not start at schools but at home. Primary Minister Portia Simpson Miller says it is important for the Government and private sector to work together on finding creative solutions to the situation of unemployment among certified youth
To solve the challenge of unemployment we need to provide a culture and a macroeconomic platform that will encourage people to invest in the country. Only through investment and the creation of new businesses will we think it is necessary to provide careers for the great numbers of people who are now unemployed. Leachim Semaj, ceo of the Job Lender agrees that unemployment is a significant phenomenon. He explained to The Sunday Gleaner that once individuals are unemployed they become involved in many different activities including legal ones. As the Heart and soul Trust NTA's slogan says: 'Education enables you to trainable but training makes you employable'. The answer must be within the framework of education and training.
A growing range of Jamaicans view higher production, more factories and purchases as important elements that your country must use to beat its economic woes and growing unemployment, in line with the latest Gleaner-commissioned poll. The poll, completed between Sept 15 and 24, revealed that 61 per cent of participants saw expect salvation through the starting of more factories. Conducted by Don Anderson and his team from GENERAL MARKET TRENDS Services Ltd. , researchers interviewed 1, 000 people aged 18 and over in all parishes. Mr. Anderson, in his research, pointed out that "the indegent state of the overall economy has resulted in growing unemployment as a greater number of firms are opting to lay down off workers to improve efficiency or promise survival. Unemployment has been blamed for a number of countrywide shortcomings, including high criminal offense and violence levels. "
Previously people who lost jobs turned to informal commercial trading of brought in goods as a lifeline, but as the overall economy deteriorates, this wall plug will be under great pressure. Surely, this turmoil requires that we find more lasting solutions.
As Jamaica celebrates its 50th wedding anniversary of Freedom, unemployment rate stands at 12. 8 per cent. Unemployment strategies have to be predicated on an overall approach to increase the macro-economic framework. Therefore, Federal government must prioritize industries and sectors for progress and initiate policies appropriately. With additional technology to remove flavors and make value-added agricultural produce, Administration must give bonuses to export-oriented agro-industries, as the country moves forward within the next 50 years. Agriculture creation is vital as a result of need for food security. Marketplaces must be explored for non-traditional agricultural exports. A business design of activities must be integrated. Sport tourism must also be explored. Manufacturing sport attire with the exclusive 'Jamaica brand' cleans away the issue of competition with cheap imports from Asia, because superior or prestige goods do not obey the same regulations of source and demand.
Given the strong work ethic of migrant Jamaican personnel, the surplus can be ingested by training experts and skilled staff who are in demand internationally. A system of bonding and remittance implications must be explored. Trade unions, employers and Administration must coalesce, and other interest teams and social partners need to drive policymakers to be more honest.
Based on the analysis that was carried out the researcher can carefully said from the information collected that unemployment can't be generalized, as being caused by simply a very important factor, but it is the effect of a variety of reasons. A few of the main factors are:
The Group of choice
More emphasis should be put in educating people and creating careers.
Published: Thursday | Sept 6, 2012 Kanika Tomlinson may be all smiles but like many senior high school and university graduates, she is deeply influenced by the unavailability of work in the region of her training. - Norman Grindley/Main Photographer
Kanika Tomlinson may be all smiles but like many high school and college or university graduates, she actually is deeply affected by the unavailability of work in the region of her training. - Norman Grindley/Key Photographer
Wayne Chen, president of the Jamaica Employers' Federation
Wayne Chen, chief executive of the Jamaica Employers' Federation
Anastasia Cunningham, News Coordinator
High-achieving master's level holder challenges to find work.
JEF president says job hunters to strap jointly, form own businesses
Thirty-one-year-old Kanika Tomlinson performed all the right things. A regular high achiever, she pursued her dreams to the highest level, understanding her field.
Yet, despite possessing a master's degree in law, specializing in international trade, development and business laws from the College or university of Sydney, for days gone by three years she says she's been struggling to get employment in her area of expertise and training.
"It's been very frustrating since when I understand I am licensed to take action and I know that my country needs this area of specialty and nobody will use me, it is so irritating, " she announced.
"For at least two job interviews, I have already been told which i am overqualified, so they don't even shortlist me for an interview. They won't even make an effort to negotiate beside me. "
She added: "I am angry and frustrated and sometimes I question if it was a waste of money and time to get my master's and now I can't even use it. It is even more depressing when I see I've classmates far away who have become careers in their field. "
Several experienced young individuals have indicated the same irritation, many to the point of major depression and hopelessness. Every year, more and more youths are departing school with no jobs to turn to.