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The Main Characteristics Of Pentecostalism Theology Religious beliefs Essay

Since its inception in the first century, Christianity has been growing as a communal institution, changing its organizational shape, redefining its quest, and creating new expressions of worship. Since then there has been a vast change in denominations, where some drop and revival has been witnessed through the years.

The yr 1906 helped bring new recoveries into a different kind of worship in United States of America (USA). In USA, Los Angeles magazines reported as gathering of individuals of different races and civilizations describing these to involve the poor and abundant, blacks and whites, men and women, young and old in a temple in Azusa Street displaying a fresh form of worship, praying, singing in unknown languages, dance and clapping. Audiences gathered to witness what was going on. This was the biggest revival of that time period in USA. Testimonies, diaries, articles were compiled by those involved and those who witnessed this great event. This was the start of what's called Pentecostalism today, the major travelling engine unit of Christianity to its origins, the first century. Although, most scholars have debated whether Pentecostalism acquired multiple almost simultaneous roots in various countries the same time it started in North America, there is absolutely no doubt that that it's the most powerful Christianity today in the third world. This essay aims to verify its origins and its own main three chosen characteristics that happen to be spiritual gifts, personal encounter with God and the energy over demons and Satan.


Allan Anderson's reason on Pentecostalism is that it's perceived as a movement of believers who affirm to the work of the Holy Heart and the performing exercises of the religious gift ideas as evidenced through speaking in tongues with foundation grounded on the emphasis of the acknowledgement of salvation attained through Jesus Christ. David Martin and Peter Mullen declare that "speaking in tongues comprises in the utterance of unintelligible sounds, often in quick sequences, by persons who appear to be in conditions of differing degrees of dissociation. " Pentecostal is associated with the doctrine of 'subsequence' and 'preliminary facts' which comes from USA in the beginning of the twentieth century, referring to the knowledge of the baptism by the Holy Heart. Therefore, those devoted to this theology are called Pentecostals.

However, a change happened during the 1960s, when some Christians within main-line denominations began to recognize the Pentecostalism phenomena as part of the worship experience. This new form of Pentecostalism became known as the Charismatic Activity. Charismatic describes any form or connection with Christianity that emphasises the "charismata" this means spiritual presents (such as tongues, prophecy and discernment) stated set for example 1Corinthians 12, and a dynamic connection with being baptised or filled up with the Holy Nature. An extremely significant percentage of Christians and churches that contain emphasis on this dynamic renewing experience and the procedure of gift items of the Holy Heart are called charismatics. The charismatic activities widely penetrated the traditional historical churches from the 1960s, Protestant and Catholic, Chapel of England (C of E), Methodist, Baptist or URC churches, or the Roman Catholic Chapel in what has been termed the charismatic renewal. Therefore Renewal explains the expression of this new form of religious life within these previously existing historical mainline churches or denominations.

The difference between charismatics and Pentecostals is the facet of the initial proof like indicators and wonders as well as the encountering of electric power which charismatics refuse hence agreeing in the tongues. Whereas, Pentecostal denotes the individuality manufacturer of tongues as the data of the Holy Heart baptism whilst the Charismatics denote the Holy Spirit gift items, the teachings of success and spiritual warfare.

Consequently, the word "Pentecostal" shifted from just refereeing to a particular band of denominations to any denomination whose worship experience includes some kind of "Pentecostal" trend such as speaking in tongues. Because the rise of the Charismatic movement, traditional Pentecostals are usually known as "Classical Pentecostals". The term Classical Pentecostal refers to a person or corporation which believes that the baptism in the Holy Heart is another work of elegance subsequent to alteration, and that the original physical proof this experience is speaking in other tongue this is the languages unfamiliar to the speaker.


During the generations from the Early Church's time about 1500 plus years to the 20th century there have been Christians traditions which influenced the formation of Pentecostalism including the Reformation tradition, specifically the Anabaptist and Arminians, the Holiness and Evangelical Motions. The historical study of the development of Classical Pentecostalism covers the years from 1738; John Wesley's Aldersgate experience' time when he emphasised the Holy Heart in His teachings.

The progression of Pentecostalism can be dated back again to a January the very first 1901, a charismatic revival at Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas USA. As Charles Parham, a ex - Methodist minister's students acquired questions about the data of baptisms with the Holy Heart after his Spirit baptism teaching, following the Book of Functions. There is an experience of this baptism following a fervent prayer with students resulting in the experience of speaking in tongues. The excitement of the students following Charles Parham teachings brought an amazing Pentecostal experience by the Apostles in the E book of Acts. Cox mentioned that Pentecostalism rose among a group of people who have been waiting for it. Charles Parham's' teachings opened the doors from what was later called Pentecostalism. Robert Gromacki called Charles Parham ""Father of the Pentecostal movement. "

From Parham's bible university, the activity became the worldwide motion following Azusa Neighborhood revival mentioned above. This was by using a black BLACK preacher called William Joseph Seymour who was simply also students at Parham University who longed for the Spirit baptism and observed the first experience of speaking in tongues. His meeting with Parham had a big impact in William Seymour's notion about the Holy Spirit baptism. He added to the pass on of Pentecostalism; he performed not just imagine but required the message further.

Cecil M. Robeck gives the brief track record of the voyage William Seymour got to promote what is today called "Pentecostalism. " In his consideration he mentioned that William Seymour was invited to Los Angeles to maintain charge of 1 ministry. After preaching about the baptism of the Holy Heart, he was refused the position to pastor that congregation. He ended up living with dark-colored friends Edward and Mattie Lee who sympathised with him where he conducted prayer meetings in their house. This was the start of the great motion as they started to pray together and later asked other people to become listed on them. The quantity increased and they moved to a greater house. It was in the house of Richard at Ruth Asberry on the 9th of April 1906 as these were learning the bible that they experienced the power of the Holy Nature. In this appointment, an eight-year-old dark-colored boy started out to speak in tongues and soon crowds were attracted to the house. After this go through the house could not hold the growing good sized quantities of people who had been coming to join in prayers and worship. That they had to go to Azusa Street, were the greatest revival occurred. Then Azusa Street became the home for the entire world Pentecostal movement. Which means Azusa report is exceptional when the origins of Pentecostalism are discussed. Cecil M. Robeck labelled the "Azusa Streets Revival in LA the birth host to Pentecostal movement. " Harvey Cox acknowledging the root of Pentecostalism's source to be grasped with reference William Joseph Seymour.

From Azusa Block, Pentecostalism disperse to the other parts of the world by people who experienced the Pentecostal revival and produced Pentecostal Churches. Congregations distributed around USA extending to Africa through missionaries that went preach this Pentecostal experience to other parts of the world "By early on 1907 moved into Mexico, Canada, European Europe, the Middle East, Western Africa and many countries in Asia", distributing to Northern Russia, Southern Africa and Eastern and Central Europe. The Apostolic Trust Mission was the first Movement that Mr Seymour established consisting of different denominations with one plan of Beliefs. In 1914 was the first "official declaration" of the Classical Pentecostal doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Nature by the Assemblies of God in america.

They are hundreds of Pentecostal denominations and fast growing during the last forty years, David Martin, sociologist who has done a great deal of focus on the estimations of Pentecostalism has reported it to be the major global shift in the spiritual software industry. He quoted a total amount of Pentecostals and charismatics worldwide to at least a least 25 % of your billion by 2002. It has extended to the West achieving other countries such as India, China and Chile.

They are here main groups of Pentecostalism identified with their unique beliefs though some aspects might be similar. Among the group is identify by their idea in the work of the Holy Spirit, speaking, in tongues, baptism with the Holy Soul, the works of grace, salvation and sanctification as continuous in their lives; the other group beliefs 'entire sanctification' over and above some areas of the above mentioned group, called then Wesleyan Holiness; last but not least excludes themselves in the opinion of the Trinity aspect of God, called oneness Pentecostals.

Main characteristics

Spiritual gifts

The delivery of the Pentecostal motion in the first twentieth century was evidenced by followers of Christ exhibiting the gift items of the Holy Soul also known as the supernatural items. It acquired its origins from the first Chapel with ecstatic phenomena presents of the Holy Soul.

The experiencing of the Holy Spirit baptism leading to speaking in tongues in Topeka, Kansas sprang up the twentieth century Pentecostal Motion in 1901. Dayton asserts that the eighteen century American revivalism, Holiness Activity played a component in its origins. Charles Parham thought there was more on the whole sanctifications, the teachings of the Wesleyans, in his views. Therefore he bestowed sanctification and charismatic ability as both area of the second blessing. His views were more extreme than many in the Holiness Movements. The teachings on investigations for indicators of sanctification resulted in questions if this was related to the baptism of the Holy Nature. As the students were driven for the outward research symptoms of the baptism, speaking in tongues was the first indication of the spiritual gifts

To have a good understanding of what is meant by "spiritual gifts", I would consider two meanings which defines spiritual gift ideas as "divinely given capacities to execute useful functions for God" Similarly Deffinbaugh defines religious presents as the God-given capacity of each Christian to carry out his function in the body of Christ. The se definitions effectively purvey the Pentecostalism understanding of Spiritual presents.

These spiritual gift items are believed to have originated at Pentecost as described in the Reserve of Serves. Over the period of 3 years following the Azusa Block revival which sparkled the Pentecostal Motion, Seymour saw the restoration not simply of speaking in tongues but all gift ideas of the Holy Soul. These are spiritual gifts posted in 1 Corinthians 12:7-11. These items can be; speaking in tongues, interpreting tongues, prophesying and treating power. According to Luke;

When the day of Pentecost acquired come, these were all together in a single place. And all of the sudden from heaven there arrived a appear to be the rush of an violent breeze, and it packed the entire house where they were resting. Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. Most of them were filled with the Holy Heart and began to speak in other languages, as the Nature gave them potential (Acts 2: 1-4 NRSV).

This was a physical evidence of being baptised by the Holy Spirit as they modified and assumed in Jesus Christ.

Kenneth Boa represents the gift of tongues as the supernatural capability of your believer to speak within an unlearned words by the speaker enabled by the Lord. This is interpreted by someone who receives the present of interpretation of tongues. This is interpretation in to the language of your body where the message is provided not a rigorous translation, but an interpretation of the fundamental content of the tongues communication. Critiques of tongues - Thomas Aquinas thought to have been of the Apostles only in the first church to enable them to reach all nations as commissioned but currently it concerning be done through language study. There's also those with the present of treating gifted to cure the sick. The variety of the products can be split into different sickness, for example some specific gifts are to recover cancer or feelings, mental illness and so many more sicknesses.

Personal encounter with God

Access to God issues most to Pentecostals, life manipulated by the Holy Soul. They stress effectiveness the knowledge of God. What counts most is the felt electricity of the Nature on the planet, in the chapel, and in one's own life. Their beliefs is experiential, living beliefs in the living God who is able to miraculously, considerably intervene on the planet. For Pentecostals, from background they understood the as direct and immediate and self-authenticating. That is explained in simple conditions that Pentecostals knowledge of the baptism of the soul grants the authority by virtue of the average person connection with this powerful face with God. Therefore, their notion is that though the Holy Spirit they have got a personal face the traditional and legitimate experience of God.

Power over demons and Satan

Pentecostals stress the empowerment and the experienced vitality of the Holy Soul on the globe. Their target and faith is within God who miraculously significantly intervenes on the planet. For example, Martin talks about how Pentecostalism unites its opinion with the social inspiration and the knowledge of the Nature. That is the understanding of the energy of the Holy Spirit over any interpersonal powers that could be powers of darkness. In a nutshell, it is a thought of two different factors, external (demonic forces) and inside factors (Holy Heart). These make Pentecostals feel part of the community, as they distinguishes the God and Satan, devil and divine, sickness and health. They consider they have vitality over demons, through the Holy Spirit, that they can obtain through prayer. That's power over sin, religious blindness, public oppression, and Sickness. They refer this as their religious weapons. One of the most factors which contributed to the Development of Pentecostalism is their idea in deliverance from evil spirits. Anderson, for example, points out that "the main appeal of Pentecostalism is still the emphasis on recovery and deliverance from wicked. "

Their Theology reaches the apocalyptic perception of the arriving of the Kingdom which includes the element of the final triumph over Satan and death, which really is a spiritual warfare. The term "spiritual warfare" is referred to evil spiritual pushes such as demons including Satan as mythological realities. Thus, the baptism of the Heart enables the believers to overcome the spiritual challenge and defeat the adversary. As Apostle Paul says, "we live as humans, but we do not wage warfare according to human expectations; for the weapons of your warfare aren't merely human, however they have divine capacity to damage strongholds" (2 Corinthians 10: 3-4 NRSV). This is the perception that the Pentecostals have reliance on the Holy Soul for power to enable those to combat the devil and any principalities of darkness. That is demonic attacks and property, physical and psychological sickness, bad spirits and so forth.

These cases are biblically founded as Pentecostal thinks in the true Word of God. Martin and Mullen clarified that "for Pentecostal the supreme power is the Bible, the encouraged, infallible and inerrant Term of God to which everything else must be subject. " Just to mention few types of bible passages to aid these claim of the notion; 1 John 3:8 which says that "the Boy of God was unveiled for this purpose, to destroy the works of the devil" (NRSV), "He has rescued us from the power of darkness and transferred us in to the kingdom of his much loved Kid" (Colossians 1:13 NRSV) and "Jesus summoned his twelve disciples and provided them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and also to treat every disease and every sickness" (Matthew 10:1 NRSV) and so many more. Therefore Pentecostals take the word of God really and base their belief on what it says.


In conclusion, the article has examined the origins of Pentecostalism. It includes viewed its root base from early church, through the Holiness moves with the teachings of doctrine of sanctification. The teaching about the Holy Soul and the genuine experiencing of its baptism contributed to how Pentecostalism pass on to other places. It has also touched on the explanation of charismatic its difference with Pentecostalism. Lastly, three characteristics of Pentecostalism have been discussed though this isn't the exhaustive least, however due to the restriction of the essay, only three were discussed. We have discovered with reaches that Pentecostalism is a growing movement. They have contributed to the inclining of Christianity as it was declining in many elements of the earth. Their emphasis being the baptism by the Holy Soul and spiritual items that can be received to believers by God's will.

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