The Journey: The Use Of Hubris

"There is no protection in unrestricted hubris" (McGeorge Bundy). The dictionary defines hubris because overbearing pleasure or supposition; arrogance. Inside the Odyssey, Homer embodies hubris into the characters Odysseus, the Suitors, and the Cyclopes. Odysseus shows hubris when he is usually battling the Cyclopes, the Cyclopes demonstrate hubris when dealing with Odysseus, and the Suitors show it when Odysseus confronts all of them at his home.

To begin, within the span of The Odyssey, Odysseus exhibits hubris through many of his actions. One of the most prominent instance in which Odysseus shows hubris is while he and his men want to escape from the Cyclops Polyphemus. They medicine the monster until it goes out, after which stab him with a hardwood in his sole eye. Polyphemus, now blinded, removes the big boulder preventing Odysseus' avoid, and waits for the men to move, and so he can destroy them. The boys escape in the cave for their boat simply by tying themselves under flocks of rams, so they can easily slip by simply. Odysseus, right now proud after beating the giant, starts to scream at Polyphemus, instead of producing a quiet escape. Odysseus' men question him to stop before Polyphemus would "get the range and lob a boulder" (436). But Odysseus shows hubris by saying if we were holding to meet again, Odysseus would "take your life" and "hurl you down to heck! " (462; 463). Polyphemus, now extremely angry with Odysseus, prays to his father, Poseidon, to make Odysseus "never observe his home" again, along with which, includes a huge batch towards the sound of Odysseus' voice. (470). Because of Odysseus' hubris after blinding Polyphemus, Poseidon grants or loans the plea, and it takes Odysseus 20 years to return residence, at the expense of the lives of all his men.

Up coming, Polyphemus demonstrates hubris simply by believing that because he can be described as giant, he is unbeatable by simply anyone, even a god. This can be shown the moment Odysseus satisfies Polyphemus and greets him with presents, as it is a custom to show courtesy to hosts and guests as well, (unexpected or not). Inability to give gifts can lead to vengeance from the gods. Odysseus explains to Polyphemus this, but Polyphemus "would certainly not let you opt for fear of Zeus" because the Cyclopes "have even more force by far ". (205; 200) Polyphemus then angers the gods further by simply kidnapping and eating Odysseus' men, both these styles which are considered extremely uncivil in Ancient greek society. Polyphemus is so confident in his invulnerability he allows the men roam free in the cave, an error that leads to his problem.

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