Posted at 10.31.2018
Self-control, the essential teaching of the best stoics in history. The viewpoint of stoicism emerged sometime around 300 B. C. Though stoicism was founded by Zeno of Citium, the most important stoics were Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus, the Emperor and the slave. Despite the fact that both men were very important, it is noticeable that Marcus Aurelius' school of thought of life experienced the greatest impact on his people, both the elite and underprivileged classes. His works and teachings, which were resolved to him, affected his population then and continues to impact individuals lives today. He not only spoke and had written of stoicism, he resided by this beliefs. As Emperor of Rome, Marcus Aurelius faced many temptations and unfortunate happenings, but he stayed true to himself, accepted his future and perfected his feelings.
Marcus Aurelius was born in Rome about 121 A. D. He was born to a prosperous patrician family. As a boy Marcus captured the interest of the Emperor Hadrian (r. 117-138). Soon after, Aurelius was appointed to priesthood in 129 A. D. by the Emperor. Hadrian also supervised his education and he was entrusted upon the best mentors in literature and philosophy of that time period. At the young age of 11, Marcus Aurelius got learned stoicism, and by enough time he was 20 he left his other studies for School of thought. Emperor Hadrian's kid; Antoninus Pius, who been successful him had adopted Aurelius as his son in 138A. D. About a year later Marcus Aurelius was appointed to marry the Emperor's little girl, Faustina. Emperor Antoninus Pius was very keen on Aurelius and in 147 he distributed ability with Antoninus, Marcus Aurelius was treated as a specialist and helper throughout his reign. Aurelius been successful Antoninus Pius in 161A. D, at the age of 40, and distributed his power along with his adopted brother Lucius Aurelius Verus until his fatality in 169.
As Emperor, Marcus Aurelius' reign was a difficult one. His reign was one of famine, earthquakes, fires, and plague, but Aurelius stayed true to himself, stayed peaceful and ruled to the best of his talents. In times of catastrophe Marcus Aurelius turned increasingly more towards the analysis of Stoicism. He pressured the idea that humans belong to characteristics. He said that elements will vary parts of characteristics that are somehow connected for the whole to perform effortlessly. If we were to clear ourselves of character and have individual things in the world, there would be many astounded changes because mother nature would no more run evenly. These changes would appear in the entire world around us and not in the individuals who encompass us, "Their influx occurred yesterday, or the day before-from the food we ate, mid-air we breathed. And that is what changes-not the individual your mother offered delivery to. "(Hays, 133)
In addition he also stood by the idea that the only real individual a person can control, is them home. Keeping true to yourself is the idea of putting your ethics and beliefs before those of another. No-one can forcefully change who you are, without your consent. Though there were many slaves during his time, Aurelius thought that the grasp ruled in the slave, only along with his approval because in the long run nobody can make a human being do something that runs against what they believe. A grasp could only make another real human do physical labour but cannot forcibly change his personality or how honest a man is, "The duty is all yours: no-one can stop you from being honest or easy. " (Hays, 140)
Though Marcus Aurelius never wanted to be Emperor of Rome, he was which led him to simply accept it. Being blessed in a rich family and then being used by Emperor Antoninus Pius was part of his future as a individual. The Emperor confided in his writings, Meditations that his public duties stressed and frustrated him. Aurelius wished to stop working and live a simple life in the country side. He knew that part of who he was, revolved around his destiny, and in agreeing to his future he accepted himself, "And instead be happy with what you have, and allow the present-all than it. "(Hays, 131) Marcus Aurelius acquired this idea that life would have to be accepted and endured, whether it was good or bad. For example, during his reign there were rumours that his partner was having affairs with other men. He accepted this and controlled his thoughts towards these rumours. Rather than putting his partner to fatality, like any another Emperor could have done at that time, Marcus Aurelius promoted the men if they benefited Rome. He continued with his obligations as Emperor and didn't allow personal views to block the way of ruling Rome well. Because mother nature determined one's destiny, his famous doctrine of acceptance was to keep one's will in harmony with characteristics.
Furthermore, Marcus Aurelius thought that a human beings destiny had been written down and waiting to occur. Regarding to him, humans are so small and fragile in comparison to universe that surrounds us, that each and everyone's lives are written in the superstars above our head, "Whatever happens for you has been hanging around to happen because the beginning of their time. The twining strands of fate wove both of these jointly: your own existence and things that happen to you. " (Hays, 132) Regarding to Marcus Aurelius it was one's obligation to accept his post in life and perform what is required to the best of your respective abilities. Aurelius assumed reason governed the world; therefore, the purpose of human living is to are in harmony with characteristics, which meant consistently with reason. His writings, called "Ta eis heauton", which recommended "Thoughts tackled to oneself" were a constant reminder on how to conduct himself on a daily basis and remind him of his destiny and responsibilities as a part of Natural law. Individual happiness consists in a life resided in accordance with both dynamics and reason. Natural laws or divine order is the theory that the world is governed by a higher power or laws, this to numerous would be God. He assumed in a logical lawgiver who governs or rules the universe and everything in it, including our destinies. For Marcus Aurelius, God was basically the essence that used reason to order the course of universal history.
Another important doctrine Marcus Aurelius lived his life by was stamina. In part, a lot of his ideas came from the freed slave Epictetus (55A. D. -135A. D. ) Epictetus was a slave delivered in Hierapolis, whose main concerns were personal flexibility and self applied control. His works were very influential to comprehend stoicism and for future years stoic Emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Corresponding to Aurelius human beings can undergo anything they put their heads to, "Remember: you can experience anything your mind can make endurable, by dealing with it as in your interest to do so. Inside your interest, or in your mother nature. " (Hays, 132) This quote says us that so long as your mind believes it is the best an individual can endure everything.
Marcus Aurelius' main teaching was control over one's emotions. We must first learn to determine what we have control over versus what we should don't have control over, ". . . many of us expend a great deal of effort trying to control things that people cannot control while almost overlooking those areas over which we do have control. " (Soccio, 216) The theory is that each being might not have control over their destinies, but does have control over themselves and their feelings. Having control over one's feelings is not a fairly easy task, however the message is the fact that something cannot injury a person if indeed they don't allow it. By managing one's emotions, one has a clearer view of things that happen around them. Marcus Aurelius stressed the fact that no damage can be carried out against a human beings will.
Control was very important for Marcus Aurelius because being Emperor had not been an easy job. As Emperor, Aurelius could have had whatever he desired and may did anything he needed. For instance, as mentioned before Aurelius might well have put to fatality his better half and the men she was rumoured to be sleeping with, but he efficiently controlled his emotions. Controlling one's emotions is a hard thing to do; it takes self-discipline and the will to regulate your feelings towards a situation. Also, as the Emperor of Rome there will need to have been many temptations. Aurelius was probably lured with over indulgences of most kinds, including women, food, riches, land plus more. It is because of this that Marcus Aurelius is the higher stoic. It is more difficult to stay true to his philosophy of life with so many temptations on a daily basis. Marcus Aurelius acquired successfully modeled his life corresponding to stoicism, usually under the hardest situations. Indeed, Marcus Aurelius inspired his people who have the way he lived many years ago and is constantly on the inspire people today. Even though Zeno of Citium founded stoicism, people who want to find out about this philosophy consider the teachings of Marcus Aurelius. His life and just how he portrayed himself is a true model of stoic life. Though with much discipline, Marcus Aurelius effectively achieved to stay true to himself, allow and acknowledge his future, and conquer his emotions.