Posted at 12.13.2018
The Special Treatment Middle in Abu Dhabi, a certified company for Disabled Treatment and Rehabilitation, is seeking proposals from experienced engineering companies for the look of any playground that needs to be befitting children with various disabilities. Therefore, the Alta Vista team decided to keep on the task and design an enough playground for those children. Keeping in mind that similar problems have been fixed and similar products have been designed before, which means that we should uncover what has already been known about the topic. Thus, further research on various areas of the condition should be done as it'll provide us with an improved understanding to the condition and help us develop the conceptual design. In addition, we are discussing the value of playgrounds for disabled and normal children and specifically how do playgrounds put together children for the rest of their lives?
The want to play and revel in games is a natural desire in every children no subject how rich or poor their own families are or how much they can move independently, notice, speak or see. This is recognized by Wilson ; "All children and teenagers need to play. The impulse to learn is innate. Play is a biological and mental health and social necessity, and is fundamental to the healthy development and wellness of individuals and areas. " Playing times are precious and valuable for those ages not only children, as those memories are unforgettable. If you ask any adult about a favorite play memory from their youth, they'll not only bear in mind what they does nevertheless they will also remember how they sensed . Well, it is every child's to play and have the equality. Additionally, David Lloyd George  reinforced this by stating; "The proper that can be played is a childs first claim on the community. Play is natures training for life. No community can infringe that right without doing long lasting harm to the intellects and physiques of its individuals. " We believe these information is valuable for our design job as it illustrates some important factors; 1) the structure of the playground should be interesting enough and pleasant to be sketched in those children's thoughts. 2) The playground should not be special for disabled children only but accessible for any children, as this might affect their subconscious status by sensing unique and discriminated from others.
The most obvious attribute of playgrounds is the fact they provide a break from the day's program. Taking breaks are believed essential for people of all age range and in every fields as it helps increasing the productivity and alertness of the mind. This was reinforced by the experimental research conducted by , as the results discovered that recall is upgraded when learning is spaced alternatively than presented all at once. Moreover, activities in playground where recognized by [2, 3] to increase fitness, improve behaviour and support learning. Those activities do not only support education, nevertheless they also support children's health; by minimizing inactivity which is associated with over weight, which causes health issues such as high blood circulation pressure and high cholesterol [2, 3]. Thus, playgrounds play an essential role on children's physical health, and physical health plays an important role in children's education. As a result, providing special physical activities that are well suited for disabled children and accessible for normal children should be considered while undertaking our design job.
The most existing literature has focused on modifying or changing the accessories of playgrounds to match children with special needs . However, this is not what is said to be done in order to implement addition in playgrounds, because these discriminative practices will most likely make it difficult for disabled children to join in . What is absolutely intended by "Disabled Children" are those who experience discrimination on the ground of the impairment . This is recognized by , the cultural model approach developed by disabled people in 1981, "Impairment is what we have, Disability is what we experience. " Thus, professor mediated interventions and ideas for developing activities that not require significant environmental changes are essential . Furthermore, attention should be shifted to the methodologies that could be used in the development of those children's public skills as most of those children show social skills deficits. Relating to , toys that encourage communal interactions somewhat than solitary play should be provided, in order to foster cooperative relationships between children in playgrounds. Therefore, developmentally appropriate toys and materials should be designed and chosen carefully, concerning develop the useful skills required to put together those children for their adulthood [4, 6]. Playgrounds initiate the introduction of two varieties of essential and required skills for disabled children [3, 7]; 1) engine and physical skills, which are ideal for their fitness and health, 2) Soft skills, are those which match hard skills (part of someone's IQ). We are able to conclude that these skills are beneficial for those children's education. Thus, we ought to have the ability to know how to develop these skills and through what varieties of video games while performing our design task?
While playing in playgrounds, children don't realize that they are building skills and coordination while they are simply busy having fun . Play affecting balls, operating, popping bubbles, or building things are great solutions to build engine skills. In fact, all verbs usually associated with child years game titles, such as; climb, walk, kick, glide, skip, balance, pull, swing, crawl, and etc, also are actually activities that improve physical engine skills . Some activities, climbing set ups and using bicycles, assist in building muscles and increasing fitness, which makes the students healthier and more vigorous . That is very important to the students in the Special Health care Center, as disabled children do not just have mental problems nevertheless they also suffer from physical problems and need an chance to trigger their muscles and increase their engine skills.
Soft skills help children in building their persona as well as shaping and refining their personalities for those arriving mature years . Each and every game in a playground has a purpose and every game a child plays in a playground teaches him a lessons. We will be discussing the most significant and vital lessons that are challenging by playing and improve children's tender skills. See-saws supply the opportunity to interact with another child and develop balance and coordination . Climbing a glide for the first time can be considered a great confidence contractor and help children figure out how to take small risks which increase their courage . That is also depending on how friendly and trusting the surroundings is, as it gives the kids a chance to put themselves at risk a bit. This teaches them that if they do a miscalculation, it isn't the end of the world . Furthermore, playgrounds can show children how to deal when things do not work out their way, establish goals, work toward a typical goal and maintain their dignity . The essential part of playing is learning that they can not always reach what they want. There are rules on the playground, exactly like there are guidelines in the real world . In order to get along or even to succeed, kids have to understand and abide by those guidelines. Therefore, children have to learn tolerance, how to let out their disappointment without harming themselves or others . No-one wins each and every time, the playground is not really the only destination to learn that but it offers an opportunity for it. Once children learn it on the playgrounds they can put it on in other places in their lives. They can transfer the skills from the playground to true to life. Children learn how to find their way through the introduction of social and psychological skills, which increases their problem handling skills later in life . Finally, the playground offers children various ways to find themselves through learning from your errors which is the way they learn and flourish in their future lives . It also offers them with an chance to branch out with their safe place, test things out, and test out new habits, conducts and traits. It offers them an opportunity to take a deep breath and discover the courage to dive in and let go of mistakes . When it comes right down to it, it isn't an issue of learning how to deal with failure but how to deal with success . The playground can help disabled kids feel well informed about who they are, their capabilities and what they are proficient at. So while performing our design we ought to emphasize on the value of equality between the disabled children in the Special Care Center and normal children.
In realization, this track record reading has provided the Alta Vista team with significant information that will aid and support the look project. In order to have a successful design, we ought to consider the design or the structure of the look, by rendering it brilliant and interesting enough for children to explore. Additionally, the composition or the look of the playground should not be special for handicapped kids only. The playground should be accessible by both disabled and normal children. As playing collectively gets children to target more on what they have in common and less on their differences. If they have a host that focuses more on their similarities, it is going to become more inclusive and respectful of specific dissimilarities . Furthermore, before developing each game in a playground a list of what children can learn or gain by playing in this game should be planned. To become in a position to provide all the necessary skills required by those children in their approaching future and support their education and success.