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The Ideas Of Structuralism And Functionalism Philosophy Essay

This research paper will clarify both theories of structuralism and functionalism by using the dualist potential to make clear the interactional routine between both these theories with your brain and body. Furthermore you will see a conclusion of how both structuralism and functionalism have impacted the practice of mindset in these contemporary times. Then there will be an explanation about how exactly both these theories are needed to describe our mindful mind and exactly how they interact with the body.

The Theories of Structuralism and Functionalism

Since the start of the time, philosophers have been debating the issue of Structuralism and Functionalism theories for quite some time now and by yet there continues to be no real consciences as to which theory is corrects, even in these modern times the issue still persist to this today. You can find a wide variety of viewpoints about these ideas that you have to do your own research to determine which one is right for your notion system. The process which will be used to make clear both ideas of Structuralism and Functionalism discussion with your brain and body would be the Dualism prospective. Furthermore you will see a conclusion of how both these ideas have impacted the practice of psychology in these modern times. Then you will see an explanation about how precisely both these theories are had a need to describe our mindful mind and exactly how they interact with your body.

Dualism Prospective

This section will explain the way the Dualism prospective will used to clarify both theories of Structuralism and Functionalism and exactly how they relationships with your brain and body.

According to Goodwin, (2009) dualism views the mind and your body as two distinct entities, and that one can and does exist by themselves. The centerpiece of the mind is the human being potential to reason, while the body is essentially a machine. Humans merged the mechanised body with a mind that could reason. Descartes presumed that your brain could have a direct influence on your body and the body could have a direct influence on the mind. This mind-body discussion is based on reflex response system. The reflex is an automatic stimulus-response effect, and it provided a physiological model for Descartes' position on the mind-body question. Descartes explained reflexes by proposing the existence of thin wire like "filaments" that been around within the nerves and lengthened to the brain. Once the senses are stimulated, matching to Descartes, these filaments move, creating certain "pores" in the mind to be opened. Therefore results the circulation of energy that produces the reflex activity. This reflex action can also bring about the movement of energy move in the brain. This technique leads your brain to deliberately making decisions to act (Goodwin, 2009).

The dualism process can be used to explain how the mind can connect to the body utilizing the reflex reaction to relay the information to different body parts. While you come to know each structural element within the brain, then you can understand the useful aspects of the way the brain interacts with the rest of the body. The process may be used to gain a much better understanding of all emotional and biological element of the body, which is sealed system. The mind and body influences each other how they will react to any given situation that could arise in your social environment. Your brain and body are different entities that work together to maintain the complete system.

Structuralism and Functionalism

This section will make clear Structuralism and Functionalism theories and exactly how both these ideas have impacted the practice of mindset.


According to Goodwin, (2009) he pointing out that Structuralist's were much more likely to ask the question "What is awareness?" and the primary goals for Structuralism mindset are to investigate human conscious experience into its elemental systems, then show how these devices could be synthesized into mental functions. To achieve an entire examination of the adult head, the structuralist's used laboratory research to clarify the mental processes so they could understand the workings of the mind and nervous system. The main elements of mindful experience, matching to Titchener, are sensations and their impacts. These sensations have attributes to be different with the depth, duration, and quality of their influences, whereas images aren't as clear as sensations, because they lack clearness. Titchener viewed psychology as a genuine laboratory science targeted at discovering the basic structure of individuals awareness. Titchener was responsible for making psychology medical for setting psychology up in the lab and getting his conclusions through test under managed conditions. Titchener's Structuralism was the start of experimental psychology with it systematic approach to introspection (Goodwin, 2009).


According to Angell, (1907) the useful psychology has three primary that form this theory. Functionalism is conceived as the mindset of mental procedures rather than mental elements. Thus, the first primary is to find "how" and "why" of consciousness. Functionalism handles the situation of your brain by interceding between the environment and the needs of the organism. This process brings about the understanding of the fundamental mindset of consciousness within the mind. The second principal is to look for the process of awareness and how they give themselves to classification. Functionalism has been referred to as a psychophysical psychology that constantly identifies and insists after the essential need for the mind-body marriage for an gratitude of mental life. Currently functional psychology has a wide, flexible and organic and natural perspective in mindset (Angell, 1907).

According to Goodwin, (2009) he pointed out that functionalists were more worried about the question "What's consciousness for?" This resulted in study topics ranging from developmental to abnormal mindset and led them to be considering individual differences and how psychology could be used to solve each day problems. Functionalism became a respected aspect in educational and cognitive behavioral mindset, as a result of studies of trial-and-error learning and the medically proposed learning that occurred through the creation of links between situations and replies which were successful in learning process, which will make up the Law of Result. These links were strengthened with practice of the situations and replies, which composed the Law of Exercise. The educational routines were inspired with S-R model with an S-O-R framework and emphasized motivational affects on tendencies learning (Goodwin, 2009).

The Mind And Body

This section will describe how both ideas are needed to describe how our body and mind interact.

According to Angell, (1903) there can exist no theoretical distinctions between school of thought and psychology, when mindset is interpreted as both structural and functional in their functions. The difference between idea and psychology is basically the results of the widespread attempt to make mental health an investigative knowledge after the types of biological process that treats your brain as an organism from a structural and practical possible. The implications are that structural and functional aspects of your brain and body are characteristics of two functions for the same goal. Mindset can't, therefore, restrict 'itself to merely structural problems, but questions as to what the make-up the conscious body and mind. The operations that are performed, cannot answer the questions without showing how and just why they can be performed (Angell, 1903).

According to Matarazzo, (1987) William A. Hunt started out his career studying psychology by combining Titchener's structuralism and Harvard's functionalism in neuro-scientific health psychology. When he learned and used the structuralist's experimental method of introspection, and putting it on to the study of human thoughts (Matarazzo, 1987).


In bottom line the dualism process may be used to explain how the mind can interact with the body by using the reflex respond to relay the messages to different body parts. Once you combined structural understanding of the component within the mind, with the understanding of functional areas of the way the brain works and interacts with the rest of the body, then you can gain an improved understanding of all internal and biological component of the human body, which is sealed system. Your brain and body affects each other on how they will react to any given situation that could arise within our social environment. The mind and body are individual entities that interact to maintain the whole system.

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