Based on this is above, the Great Barrier Reef travel and leisure industry is composed of a network of stakeholders, such as tourism businesses, nongovernmental organisations and administration companies who all work together to attract vacationers to the region and to grow the industry. Most of the stakeholders are interconnected and they play an important role to attain sustainability within the industry.
The desk below lists the travel and leisure industry stakeholders and their contribution in handling travel and leisure sustainably.
Even though almost all of the stakeholders are aware of the problems of sustainability, not absolutely all of these bring a contribution to make tourism more lasting.
? Stakeholder information and participation
їЅ The National Federal government, STATE and MUNICIPALITY have a significant role in placing policies, they are legally responsible plus they provide financing. They not only influence the decisions nevertheless they contain the major ability in decision-making.
The government organizations are accountable for producing and enforcing laws and plans.
Some of the procedures set by the government push the other stakeholders to interact with the local community to make them beneficiate from the tourism industry.
The authorities invests in tourism development and develop the occupations within the neighborhood economy.
їЅ Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority is the body that manages the coverage and development within the Playground. If the other governmental bodies have only few departments dedicated to ensure protection of the Great Barrier Reef, GBRMPA is the key body that concentrates all its activity to ensure that everything within the sea park is been able sustainably. There is a strong interconnection between all the federal government departments and GBRMPA in order to build up the travel and leisure industry and also to ensure that is been able sustainably.
Through this, GBRMPAїЅs goal to provide protection, wise use, understanding and excitement of the Great Hurdle Reef is achieved.
GBRMPA is the stakeholder that links to all or any the other stakeholders, which collaborates not only with the other specialists but also with the city, aboriginal people and travel and leisure entrepreneurs.
For GBRMPA, community contribution in decision-making is important.
GBRMPA means that a tax is identified for both: realising permits and coming into the reef
їЅ Aboriginal people can be explained as a pressure group that has travel and leisure as a marginal interest. According to the desk aboriginal people are not financially or environmental lasting, their main interest is only to safeguard their culture and not to aid or participate of the tourism industry. Their relationship with other stakeholders has been characterised through time by too little trust and communication.
Later on, the record will highlight having less will of communication and explore some of the conflicts brought up between the aborigines and the other stakeholders.
Environmental & socio-cultural sustainable
їЅ The Community organisations signify a key impact due to their interaction with visitors; they get involved by advising the governmental organisations regarding sustainability issues however they don't have vitality in decision-making.
їЅ The tourism business owners are the direct beneficiaries of the tourism industry. They have got a strong romance with the governmental systems nevertheless they do not cooperate with the city group and the aboriginal people. As the stand shows, they are simply sustainable only economically and environmentally. The next chapter will explain why they are not social-cultural sustainable and it will illustrate a few of the issues elevated between tourism providers and aborigines.
їЅ The tourists aren't involved with decision-making but they have influence as they are the consumers plus they can refuse the merchandise. They are really neither environmental nor communal cultural sustainable however they bring hard currency to the country.
5. STRATEGY MATRIX
As it is shown in the matrix below, the stakeholders have another type of impact on The Great Barrier Reef. Companies such as: National Government, State Government, Local Government and Great Barrier Reef Marine Area Authority have a low impact after the reef while their potential in decision-making is high. Alternatively, the aborigines, community, tourism entrepreneurs and tourists have a substantial influence after the reef however they don't have any potential in decision-making.
6. Conflicts between Aboriginal people and other stakeholders
Even though there may be strong evidence to aid the relationship with the aboriginal community, there are still issues that are not solved and they are difficult to cope with. There are problems about the haunting and angling, the protection of the aboriginal culture and having less will of communication between the aboriginal community and the other stakeholders.
There are places where attempts are made to build relationships between aborigines and other travel and leisure stakeholders. For instance, The Marine Playground Authority collaborates with the aborigines by allowing haunting and angling in all regions of the Cairns Section except the Preservation Areas in order to help them preserve their culture. Still, not all the aboriginal people adhere to the rules, therefore, there are issues lifted between them and tourism operators.
For illustration, reef tourism operators are in conflict with the aboriginals from Green Island hunting green turtles before the travelers in daytime. Furthermore, aborigines are available the turtleїЅs meats illegally to visitors at high prices. A possible answer to minimise this conflict would be by giving education to aborigines about the need for conservation of species. Tourism operators also needs to come to an arrangement to let aborigines hunt following a certain hour when guests leave the island.
Another concern influencing the relationship between stakeholders is the state initiative to market aboriginal travel and leisure that sometimes appears offensive rather than beneficial by aborigines that remain traditional. The key reason why most traditional aborigines do not consent to be a part of the tourism industry is their perception that their traditions are in danger as long as they are adopted for commercial purposes. The ongoing expansion of demand of vacationers to interact with the aboriginal culture pushed the tour operators to exploit and misrepresent the aboriginal spirituality. Furthermore, some Aboriginal companies try to combine їЅtraditionalїЅ Aboriginal concepts for marketing purposes.
For instance, that is definitely thought that only aboriginal men can play the didgeridoo, however, it's been found via an informal survey that some Aboriginal free galleries in Queensland allow visitor females to participate of the custom, which is completely contrary to the aboriginal culture.
There are places where aborigines agreed to participate of the tourism industry just in special occasions like the Queensland Centenary of Parks party day. Apart from today, the aborigines do not consent to sell their dance for travel and leisure purposes. Tour operators should come to an arrangement with the aborigines and should assure the tribes that they can not allow any misrepresentation or exploitation of their culture.
To sum up, this report briefly outlines the importance and the impact of the stakeholders after The Great Barrier Reef. This article also highlights the primary issues that make a few of the sustainability factors unachievable for some of the stakeholders.
One of the advancements that should be made identifies the relationship between aborigines and the other stakeholders, which would be more sustainable if the aboriginal community would benefit from an assurance that their culture will never be invaded and they will receive support in order to protect it. Another part of creating a healthy romance between aborigines and the government is to start an educational program where aboriginal people would be helped to understand the benefits helped bring by the tourism industry and not just the negative part from it.