In the Meditations on First Idea, Descartes models out to build his groundwork of knowledge. To discover true knowledge, Descartes uses the Method of Doubt which declares that he must "reject whatever is available to the slightest doubt"(p. 138)1. In doing this, Descartes invokes the living of an Evil Demon who is defined to be "supremely powerful and cunning, and works as hard as he can to deceive me" (p. 138)1. Within this paper, I shall dispute that Descartes would not think that his having an idea of the Bad Demon proves that the Evil Demon is present.
Descartes looks for one thing he can be certain is true. He uses the role of the Bad Demon which is to deceive Descartes' view of the world where "body, condition, extension, movement, and place are fantasies"(p. 138). 1 In applying the Method of Doubt, Descartes has come to 1 necessary real truth, the cogito "I believe therefore I am". 2 Because the guy can question, he must be a thinking thing, also to have the ability to think, he must are present. I exist so long as I think that I are present; the Bad Demon cannot deceive me in pondering otherwise. As the cogito is a "clear and distinct" idea, it must be true. "Clear and unique" ideas methods to be "open and present to the going to mind"(p. 145). 1 In order to come to a fact with certainty, Descartes came up with an idea of God, a non-deceiver who have given him a way to reach true values. 2
Descartes is for certain that God is available and that the idea of God came from God Himself. All ideas have the same amount of Formal reality, whether the idea is of a finite or infinite material. Some things are on a higher scale of Formal reality than others. For instance, God would have a higher degree than people. The Presentational fact of an idea is the quantity of Formal reality the theory has. 2 Descartes says that the thought of God, who's "eternal, infinite, omniscient, omnipotent, and creator of most things other than himself"(p. 143)1, lays on the highest amount of Presentational actuality. Therefore, God has an increased formal truth than Descartes' notion of God. God sometimes appears to be "omnipotent and omniscient"; he is seen to be perfect. 2 And since Descartes is aware of that he himself can be an imperfect being, as he is able to doubt, there must are present a perfect being out there. Descartes concludes that he could not have invented the idea of God, because ideas must be at least as close as the reason - ". . . there is at least the maximum amount of [simple fact] in the. . . cause just as its effect" (p. 143-4)1. Since Descartes could not have caused this notion himself, God must have said there. 2 He suggests that, " By God, I am aware, a substance which is infinite. . . it must be figured God necessarily exists"(p. 145). 1 God must can be found.
If God is available and He's not really a deceiver, then He'd not allow an Bad Demon to deceive my thoughts. To permit an Evil Demon to deceive me, God would be just be as bad of the deceiver, but Descartes' notion of God is that of excellence; God would not are present to deceive me. The Evil Demon and God aren't of the same entity. Corresponding to Descartes, the Bad Demon takes on the role of your deceiver confusing my very view of the world, while God allows me to find my way to true knowledge. One can either be deceived or never to be. This comes after that both Bad Demon and God cannot are present at the same time, either the Evil Demon is available to deceive our views or God is accessible. Descartes proved that God is accessible, therefore the Evil Demon cannot are present.
In bottom line, Descartes would not think that having the idea of an Bad Demon would show that the Evil Demon exists. The main purpose Descartes went out to confirm the lifetime of God is to reach at true knowledge. He has learned for certain that the cogito is true, even the Bad Demon cannot deceive him of that. In showing the life of God, Descartes can rule out the idea of the presence of a deceiver, the Bad Demon.
1Perry, John, Michael Bratman, and John Martin Fischer. Advantages to School of thought: Classical and Modern Readings. NY: Oxford UP, 2010. Printing.
2Notes taken from lecture