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The Gallipoli Advertising campaign And Living Conditions

On the 25th of Apr 1915, 16000 Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) soldiers got two kilometers north of GabaTepe in the Gallipoli Peninsula to avoid Turkish soldiers moving back again from the south and arriving from the north. However, the Gallipoli Marketing campaign did not get started properly for the ANZAC troops. By the times the troops possessed arrived, the Turkish forces were already located near the top of the cliff with reinforcements and weaponry on both sides of the beach. A lot more than 50000 Australians and 8500 New Zealanders served in Gallipoli, with about 10000 deaths and 26000 casualties by December 1915.

Living Conditions

The Gallipoli peninsula is full of steep valleys, cliffs and narrow beaches. When the troops found its way to April1915, it was still planting season with pleasurable weather. However as warmer summer months approached, the temps soared and it was scorching both during the day and during the night, preventing the military from getting a good night's sleeping. During the winter season, the troops had to put up with freezing blizzards, snow and frost. The men didn't have enough clothes for these freezing conditions and so would huddle up as well as dusty old blankets in an attempt to keep warm. A lot of men needed their feet or feet amputated anticipated to severe frostbite.

There was also not enough water and food for the troops. Water would appear from Egypt via source ships, however there was never enough. The meals mainly contains canned beef, hard biscuits, tea, glucose and jam, with small levels of loaf of bread sometimes being provided.

I twisted my overcoat over the tin and gouged out the flies, then pass on the biscuit, presented my give it and drew the biscuit from the coat. A lot of flies flew into my mouth area and beat about inside.

The troops lived, slept and ate in dugouts known as trenches. The soldiers were surrounded by trenches filled with dirty water; available toilet pits, clear food cans, disease-carrying flies, lice, mosquitoes and rats, as well as rotting lifeless bodies. As a result, disease, such as diarrhea, was common anticipated to poor cleanliness. Source 1 shows an Australian soldier talking about the difficulties of eating during summer

Source 1: Living Conditions

(Anderson, M, et al. (2010) Retroactive 2 Stage 5 Australian Record, 3rd Edition, John Wiley &Sons, Australia)

As well as these bad living conditions, the Anzacs had to remain alert to the constant hazards from the Turks.

The Battles - Lone Pine

The battle at Lone Pine happened in August 1915. It had been a plan devised to assault the Turkish soldiers at Lone Pine to help the Anzacs gain control of Sari Bair and Suvla Bay. The Anzacs astonished the Turks by coming from underground tunnels. The Anzacs attacked the Turkish trenches and then for another three days warfare was on the list of trenches. The Anzacs succeeded however there have been 2300 Anzac casualties and 6000 Turkish casualties. Seven Australians were honored Victoria Crosses, the highest military decoration, for his or her great work in defending the trenches. Source 2 shows a trench at Lone Pine following the battle.

http://dev. links. com. au/data/awm/upload/Image/A02025. JPG

Source 2: A trench at Lone Pine after the battle, exhibiting Australian and Turkish lifeless on the parapet.

Heroes

John Simpson Kirkpatrick was born in Britain and later migrated to Australia. He enlisted in the military in August 1914. He served as Private John Fitzpatrick in the 3rd field ambulance. He became famous for his bravery in the one month he lived during the battle. He'd walk in the center of the fight field, with a donkey, offering water and carrying injured comrades back again to the beach on ANZAC cove. He was killed on the 19th of May by opponent machine gun fire. Although he dished up for a brief time period he is one of the most famous symbols of World Battle 1. John Simpson Kirkpatrick is shown here with his donkey in 1915 at Anzac Cove in Source 3. http://vrroom. naa. gov. au/Images/Simpson%20and%20his%20donkey, %20Gallipoli1_11405235_tcm11-18424. jpg

The Landing

It is at 1914, when the Uk Government decided to hinder the Western Forward and weaken Germany, by attacking Turkey. The first disorders in Feburary and March 1915 failed, with ships attacked by mines and shellfire. It was not until Apr 1915, when Uk, French and Anzac soldiers arrived around Cape Helles and Dardanelles and GabaTepe. This getting however had not been a smooth and positive start for the troops, as the Turks possessed possessed six weeks notice prior to the invasion. By the changing times the troops had arrived, the Turkish forces were already located near the top of the cliff with reinforcements and weaponry on both edges of the beach. The Anzacs immediately built shallow trenches on the first night to protect them selves from the on going Turkish fire. By first night 16000 soldiers had landed on the beach, from those 16000 men over 2000 Australian men acquired either died or been wounded.

The Leaders

The two main leaders which governed the Anzac troops were General Sir Ian Hamilton and Admiral Sir John de Robeck. Basic Otto Liman von Sanders and Mustafa Kemal Pasha were both men responsible for the Turkish troops. It was the new commander, Basic Sir Charles Munro who proceeded to go forward with the evacuation somewhat than keep on with the battle.

The Withdrawal

In Dec 1915, the Anzac soldiers withdrew from Anzac Cove and Suvla Bay in a noiseless and gradual fashion to prevent the Turks from noticing. With the withdrawal, it was important that all the troops knew that the lives of all men were more important than saving any weapons or equipment. Only two men were wounded through the evacuation from Anzac Cove. Altogether, there were a complete 26000 casualties on the list of Anzac soldiers with 10000 deaths.

Weapons employed by the ANZACs

The main weapons used during the Gallipoli Plan ranged from golf clubs to rifles to grenades

(Source 4). The night clubs had cast iron heads with tough timber shafts. The Lee-Enfield Rifle was the most frequent service rifle used. The typical released Lee-Enfield was about half a meter long, with a 43cm blade and handle. With all the grenades, Model 5 Mills Bombs were used, where each customer had to put together their own bomb.

http://www. diggerhistory. info/images/weapons-ww1-allied/smle1mk3r. jpghttp://www. diggerhistory. info/images/weapons-ww1-allied/mills-ww1. jpg"Cold Metal". The bayonet for the SMLE rifle.

Source 4: Gallipoli Weaponry

The wedding anniversary of the landings, Apr 25, is celebrated as ANZAC Day and is also both Australia's and New Zealand's most crucial day of military services remembrance.

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